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I have a couple of PC's at home, like (I guess) most people visiting the Codeproject. With that, I have a small network. Everything Ok here. The only thing is, I need to make some network cables sometimes, and I always forget which colors to use in what order. Which forces me to search the web to find out what colors should be where. Of course, I never bookmark a site when I found the information I need, thinking I will remember it this time. Which is a huge mistake.
Instead of teaching myself to use those handy bookmarks, I decided to write an article about the colors I should use, the next time I have to make a network cable. I hope it's useful.
The colors described below are the standard colors you'll find in a twisted-pair cable. In the examples I assume the cable has 4 pairs (or 8 aders). Actually, you only need four (4) of them. I've hear 100 MB/s will not always work with 4 aders, but I never saw this myself. I think it's best to use all 8 of them, where possible. If you use all eight, you can use it as an ISDN cable as well. The ones that are really necessary for Ethernet are marked with an asterix ('*')
Without a hub (Crossover cable)
When you only need to connect one pc to another, without a hub, you need a crossover-cable. The same is when you connect one hub to another hub, using the uplink-port.
|*||1||Orange Stripe||TX+||Connect with||3||Green Stripe|
|*||3||Green Stripe||RX+||Connect with||1||Orange Stripe|
| ||4||Blue|| ||Connect with||8||Brown|
| ||5||Blue Stripe|| ||Connect with||7||Brown Stripe|
| ||7||Brown Stripe|| ||Connect with||5||Blue Stripe|
| ||8||Brown|| ||Connect with||4||Blue|
With a hub (Direct connection)
Things are getting easier if you have a hub. The cable is 'straight-through', or 1:1.
|*||1||Orange Stripe||TX+||Connect with||1||Orange Stripe|
|*||3||Green Stripe||RX+||Connect with||3||Green Stripe|
| ||4||Blue|| ||Connect with||4||Blue|
| ||5||Blue Stripe|| ||Connect with||5||Blue Stripe|
| ||7||Brown Stripe|| ||Connect with||7||Brown Stripe|
| ||8||Brown|| ||Connect with||8||Brown|
Which pin is what?
|Pin#||Media||Direct Interface Signal|
|4|| ||Not Used|
|5|| ||Not Used|
|7|| ||Not Used|
|8|| ||Not Used|
|Notice that the hook is underneath while inserting the cable.|
- There are several color conventions for wiring RJ45 plugs. Don't assume the wiring just by looking at the colors.
- The pictures I used are on my harddisk for a couple of years. I can't remember who gave them to me, or if I have created them myself. If you're the creator of these images, please mail me.