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Conversion of Decimal to any Base (Binary, Octal or Hexa) and vice-versa (C#)

, 27 May 2005
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Generic functions written in C# to convert a binary,octal or a hexa-decimal to a decimal number and vice-versa.

Introduction

C# conversion functions are very powerful. The Convert class has many methods that perform typical conversion of a string to integer, and other data types. One of the functions ToInt64() not only converts a given value to a 64-bit integer but also returns the number to the specified base.

Convert.ToInt64(value,16);

The above function converts a decimal number to hexadecimal number. This is most useful in situations where you write programs for arithmetic calculations. I thought of writing my own function that does this kind of conversion. I created two functions, DecimalToBase which converts any decimal number to a binary, octal or hexadecimal number and BaseToDecimal which converts any binary, octal or hexadecimal number to the corresponding decimal number.

The most interesting part is that both the functions are generic in nature. In the DecimalToBase function, I had to write the algorithm that can perform the conversion of a decimal to binary, octal or hexadecimal. I had to write the code for all of these conversions within a single function, still keeping my code reduced to handle all sorts of values. C#’s type-safe nature prevents us from doing some easier character-int conversions and we just can’t surpass them, as it would produce adverse results. Same is the case with the BaseToDecimal function.

A sample application to test the conversion functions

  • Create a sample Windows application in Visual Studio. NET.
  • In the form:
    1. Add three label controls named label1, label2, and label3.
    2. Add three text box controls named textBox1, textBox2, and textBox3.
    3. Place a button control named button1 and set its Text property to “To Base”.
    4. Place another button control named button2 and set its Text property to “To Base”.
  • Write the following declarations as data members of the form class:
    const int base10 = 10;
    char[] cHexa = new char[]{'A','B','C','D','E','F'};
    int[] iHexaNumeric = new int[] {10,11,12,13,14,15};
    int[] iHexaIndices = new int[] {0,1,2,3,4,5};
    const int asciiDiff = 48;
  • Include the functions as member methods in the form class module.

    This function takes two arguments; the integer value to be converted and the base value (2, 8, or 16) to which the number is converted to:

    string DecimalToBase(int iDec, int numbase)
    {
        string strBin = "";
        int[] result = new int[32];
        int MaxBit = 32;
        for(; iDec > 0; iDec/=numbase)
        {
            int rem = iDec % numbase;
            result[--MaxBit] = rem;
        } 
        for (int i=0;i<result.Length;i++)
              if ((int) result.GetValue(i) >= base10)
                strBin += cHexa[(int)result.GetValue(i)%base10];
              else
                strBin += result.GetValue(i);
        strBin = strBin.TrimStart(new char[] {'0'});
        return strBin;
    }

    This function takes two arguments; a string value representing the binary, octal, or hexadecimal value and the corresponding integer base value respective to the first argument. For instance, if you pass the first argument value "1101", then the second argument should take the value "2".

    int BaseToDecimal(string sBase, int numbase)
    {
        int dec = 0;
        int b;
        int iProduct=1;
        string sHexa = "";
        if (numbase > base10)
        for (int i=0;i<cHexa.Length;i++)
            sHexa += cHexa.GetValue(i).ToString();
        for(int i=sBase.Length-1; i>=0; i--,iProduct *= numbase)
        {
            string sValue = sBase[i].ToString();
            if (sValue.IndexOfAny(cHexa) >=0)
                b=iHexaNumeric[sHexa.IndexOf(sBase[i])];
            else 
                b= (int) sBase[i] - asciiDiff;
            dec += (b * iProduct);
        } 
        return dec; 
    }
  • Write the code in the click event of the buttons as follows:

    On clicking the first button, you can convert a decimal number to any base you select in the ComboBox.

    private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        textBox3.Text = DecimalToBase(Int32.Parse(textBox1.Text), 
                                     Int32.Parse(comboBox1.Text));
    }

    On clicking the second button, you can convert the base number you have selected in the ComboBox (binary, octal, or hexadecimal) to a decimal number.

    private void button2_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        textBox3.Text = BaseToDecimal(textBox1.Text, 
              Int32.Parse(comboBox1.Text)).ToString();
    }
  • Save the project. Build the solution.
  • Output is as shown below:

Sample Output #1:

Sample Output #2:

Sample Output #3:

Sample Output #4:

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Balamurali Balaji
Founder BB Systems CIT-GPNP
India India
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmember Gun Gun Febrianza25-Sep-13 3:47 
QuestionHere is a more general 30-minute semi-glitchy job that will convert between non-integer bases. PinmemberKerdekz28-Apr-12 16:18 
QuestionCan a Fractional number be converted to Binary ? PinmemberGanesamoorthy.S18-Jan-12 23:26 
AnswerRe: Can a Fractional number be converted to Binary ? PinmemberKerdekz28-Apr-12 16:29 
Generalworks great, thanks! Pinmemberspyhunter9994-Sep-11 2:09 
GeneralMy vote of 4 Pinmembershelby6716-Jun-11 19:29 
GeneralMy New Version - Using bitwise-AND operator [modified] Pinmemberdciobanu2007@gmail.com23-Apr-09 10:53 
GeneralBig numbers problem Pinmemberkavy77711-Feb-09 22:42 
GeneralMy Versions Pinmemberkender_216-Jul-07 8:01 
GeneralRe: My Versions PinmemberShabbazz7-Aug-07 1:05 
GeneralRe: My Versions Pinmemberblackjack215017-Oct-07 20:49 
GeneralRe: My Versions Pinmemberajones789-Nov-07 11:58 
GeneralRe: My Versions Pinmemberajones789-Nov-07 12:24 
GeneralRe: My Versions PinmemberElad Moshe16-Aug-09 22:11 
GeneralThanks :-D Pinmemberjackmandile22-Nov-06 8:52 
GeneralWonderful PinmemberFahad Azeem24-Nov-05 21:28 
GeneralImprovement PinmemberNigel Savidge15-Sep-05 4:52 
GeneralRe: Improvement [modified] PinmemberLemuel.Adane12-May-08 21:56 
GeneralRe: Improvement PinmemberNigel Savidge14-May-08 5:03 
GeneralRe: Improvement [modified] PinmemberLemuel.Adane14-May-08 4:05 

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