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Wildcard string compare (globbing)

, 15 Feb 2005
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Matches a string against a wildcard string such as "*.*" or "bl?h.*" etc. This is good for file globbing or to match hostmasks.

Usage:

This is a fast, lightweight, and simple pattern matching function.

if (wildcmp("bl?h.*", "blah.jpg")) {
  //we have a match!
} else {
  //no match =(
}

Function:

int wildcmp(const char *wild, const char *string) {
  // Written by Jack Handy - <A href="mailto:jakkhandy@hotmail.com">jakkhandy@hotmail.com</A>
  const char *cp = NULL, *mp = NULL;

  while ((*string) && (*wild != '*')) {
    if ((*wild != *string) && (*wild != '?')) {
      return 0;
    }
    wild++;
    string++;
  }

  while (*string) {
    if (*wild == '*') {
      if (!*++wild) {
        return 1;
      }
      mp = wild;
      cp = string+1;
    } else if ((*wild == *string) || (*wild == '?')) {
      wild++;
      string++;
    } else {
      wild = mp;
      string = cp++;
    }
  }

  while (*wild == '*') {
    wild++;
  }
  return !*wild;
}

License

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About the Author

Jack Handy
Web Developer
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
Generalwildcmp in XBLite PinmemberCodeGibbon27-Nov-08 14:56 
This is the version of the wildcmp function in XBLite programming language:
 
FUNCTION SBYTE wildcmp( wildcard$, search$)
  ' wildcmp(const char *wild, const char *string)
  ' Written by Jack Handy - jakkhandy@hotmail.com
 
  ULONG cp
  ULONG mp
  
  STRING s_txt$
  ULONG  sp 
  
  STRING w_txt$
  ULONG  wp
 
  IFZ search$   THEN RETURN $$FALSE  
  IFZ wildcard$ THEN RETURN $$FALSE
  
  w_txt$ = wildcard$ + "\0\0"   ' Just to be sure
  s_txt$ = search$   + "\0\0"
  
  DO WHILE (s_txt${sp}) && (w_txt${wp} != '*') 
    IF (w_txt${wp} != s_txt${sp} )  && (w_txt${wp} != '?') THEN RETURN $$FALSE
    
    INC wp
    INC sp
  LOOP
    
  DO WHILE (s_txt${sp})
    IF ( w_txt${wp} == '*' ) THEN    
      INC wp
      IF !(w_txt${wp}) THEN RETURN $$TRUE      
      
      mp = wp     
      cp = sp + 1 
    ELSE 
      IF (w_txt${wp} == s_txt${sp} )  || (w_txt${wp} == '?') THEN    
        INC wp
        INC sp
      ELSE
        wp = mp
      
        sp = cp                   
        IF s_txt${sp} THEN INC cp 
       
      ENDIF
    ENDIF  
  LOOP
    
  DO WHILE (w_txt${wp} == '*' )    
    INC wp
  LOOP
  
  RETURN !w_txt${wp} 
 
END FUNCTION
 

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