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Wildcard string compare (globbing)

, 15 Feb 2005
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Matches a string against a wildcard string such as "*.*" or "bl?h.*" etc. This is good for file globbing or to match hostmasks.

Usage:

This is a fast, lightweight, and simple pattern matching function.

if (wildcmp("bl?h.*", "blah.jpg")) {
  //we have a match!
} else {
  //no match =(
}

Function:

int wildcmp(const char *wild, const char *string) {
  // Written by Jack Handy - <A href="mailto:jakkhandy@hotmail.com">jakkhandy@hotmail.com</A>
  const char *cp = NULL, *mp = NULL;

  while ((*string) && (*wild != '*')) {
    if ((*wild != *string) && (*wild != '?')) {
      return 0;
    }
    wild++;
    string++;
  }

  while (*string) {
    if (*wild == '*') {
      if (!*++wild) {
        return 1;
      }
      mp = wild;
      cp = string+1;
    } else if ((*wild == *string) || (*wild == '?')) {
      wild++;
      string++;
    } else {
      wild = mp;
      string = cp++;
    }
  }

  while (*wild == '*') {
    wild++;
  }
  return !*wild;
}

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

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About the Author

Jack Handy
Web Developer
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralRe: Many thanks, with 1 small gripe .. PinmemberVoja Intermajstor24-Nov-04 23:26 
GeneralNice code... Pinmembervoja2125-Aug-04 2:30 
GeneralSlight efficiency improvement PinmemberBill Buklis9-Jul-04 6:53 
GeneralRe: Slight efficiency improvement PinmemberBill Buklis9-Jul-04 7:19 
QuestionPathMatchSpec (shlwapi.h)? Pinmemberpeterchen28-Jun-04 6:56 
AnswerRe: PathMatchSpec (shlwapi.h)? PinmemberJack Handy13-Feb-05 9:56 
peterchen wrote:
Just a thought:
the PathMatchSpec SLWU API could provide similar. I guess it does have some differences (e.g. allowing to specify multiple specs, separated by semicolon), but it might be a simple alternative for many similar tasks.

 
The wildcmp() function is meant to be lightweight and fast.
 
If the extra functionality of multple specs is needed and you don't want to parse the input yourself then you can go ahead and use the PathMatchSpec() API.
 
Just make sure you don't mind these limitations:
 
1. Adding another dependancy to your executable by including the lib
2. Not portable (wildcmp() compiles fine under unix)
3. More memory overhead (larger code footprint)
4. The horrible slowness
 
I have ran some benchmarks and pasted the results below. I can provide the .cpp file for the benchmarks if anyone is interested.
 
-Jack
 
10MM iterations.
Compiled as a console app using vc6 in release mode with /O2 optimization.
Ran on a pM 1.7ghz
 
"C:\\T*s*.t?t", "C:\\Test\\File.txt"
PathMatchSpec MATCH => 20.5090s
wildcmp MATCH => 1.0320s
 
"C:\\T*s*.t??t", "C:\\Test\\File.txt"
PathMatchSpec NO MATCH => 45.7760s
wildcmp NO MATCH => 0.8910s

 

There are 10 types of people in this world, those that understand binary and those who don't.


GeneralDoesnt seem to work well.. PinsussBikram Singh13-May-04 1:56 
GeneralRe: Doesnt seem to work well.. PinmemberJack Handy21-Jun-04 9:13 
GeneralCase Insensitive wildcmp PinmemberTechiex16-Mar-04 9:36 
GeneralRe: Case Insensitive wildcmp PinmemberNeville Franks16-Mar-04 9:52 
GeneralRe: Case Insensitive wildcmp PinmemberTechiex23-Mar-04 9:33 
GeneralRe: Case Insensitive wildcmp PinmemberDavidCrow23-Feb-05 2:24 
GeneralRe: Case Insensitive wildcmp PinmemberVic Mackey23-Feb-05 8:00 
GeneralRe: Case Insensitive wildcmp PinmemberDavidCrow23-Feb-05 8:22 
GeneralRe: Case Insensitive wildcmp Pinmemberf_randy12-Jun-06 18:13 
GeneralExcellent code! PinmemberHans Dietrich16-Jul-03 19:40 
Generalchecking for null PinmemberJack Handy13-Mar-03 20:38 
GeneralRe: checking for null PinsussAnonymous15-Mar-03 20:10 
GeneralRe: checking for null PinmemberJack Handy18-Mar-03 13:25 
Generalgreat code, but ... PinsussAnonymous12-Mar-03 3:17 
GeneralRe: great code, but ... PinmemberJack Handy13-Mar-03 20:34 
GeneralRe: great code, but ... PinsussAnonymous15-Mar-03 20:08 
GeneralRe: great code, but ... PinmemberJack Handy18-Mar-03 13:25 
GeneralRe: great code, but ... PinsussAnonymous19-Mar-03 23:13 
GeneralNice PinmemberChris Richardson16-Jan-03 10:58 

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