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Wildcard string compare (globbing)

, 15 Feb 2005 810K 94
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Matches a string against a wildcard string such as "*.*" or "bl?h.*" etc. This is good for file globbing or to match hostmasks.

Usage:

This is a fast, lightweight, and simple pattern matching function.

if (wildcmp("bl?h.*", "blah.jpg")) {
  //we have a match!
} else {
  //no match =(
}

Function:

int wildcmp(const char *wild, const char *string) {
  // Written by Jack Handy - <A href="mailto:jakkhandy@hotmail.com">jakkhandy@hotmail.com</A>
  const char *cp = NULL, *mp = NULL;

  while ((*string) && (*wild != '*')) {
    if ((*wild != *string) && (*wild != '?')) {
      return 0;
    }
    wild++;
    string++;
  }

  while (*string) {
    if (*wild == '*') {
      if (!*++wild) {
        return 1;
      }
      mp = wild;
      cp = string+1;
    } else if ((*wild == *string) || (*wild == '?')) {
      wild++;
      string++;
    } else {
      wild = mp;
      string = cp++;
    }
  }

  while (*wild == '*') {
    wild++;
  }
  return !*wild;
}

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

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About the Author

Jack Handy
Web Developer
United States United States
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralWildcard string compare in C# Pin
haiquang10-Nov-08 22:15
memberhaiquang10-Nov-08 22:15 
I had converted the wildcmp to C#, it's very easy to wildcard string, thanks so much.


bool WildCompare(string strWild, string strEmail)
{
int cp = 0;
int mp = 0;

int wildIndex = 0;
int emailIndex = 0;

while ((!ValueIsNullOrEmpty(strEmail, emailIndex)) && (ValueAt(strWild, wildIndex) != '*'))
{
if ((ValueAt(strWild, wildIndex) != ValueAt(strEmail, emailIndex)) && (ValueAt(strWild, wildIndex) != '?'))
{
return false;
}
wildIndex++;
emailIndex++;
}

while (!ValueIsNullOrEmpty(strEmail,emailIndex))
{
if (ValueAt( strWild, wildIndex) == '*')
{
wildIndex++;
if (ValueIsNullOrEmpty(strWild,wildIndex ))
{
return true;
}
mp = wildIndex;
cp = emailIndex + 1;
}
else if ((ValueAt(strWild, wildIndex).Equals(ValueAt(strEmail, emailIndex)) || (ValueAt(strWild, wildIndex) == '?')))
{
wildIndex++;
emailIndex++;
}
else
{
wildIndex = mp;
emailIndex = cp++;
}
}

while (ValueAt(strWild, wildIndex) == '*')
{
wildIndex++;
}
return ValueIsNullOrEmpty(strWild, wildIndex);
}


Cry | :(( Sniff | :^) Frown | :( Unsure | :~
GeneralRe: Wildcard string compare in C# Pin
haiquang3-Aug-09 22:22
memberhaiquang3-Aug-09 22:22 

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