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Configure Log4Net for Desktop and Web Applications

, 15 Aug 2005
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How to configure Log4Net for desktop and Web applications

Introduction

This article describes how to configure Log4Net to work with your desktop and Web applications. Even though this Web site contains everything you ever need to work with this Log4Net library, if you are new to .NET and this logging framework, and would like to quickly configure an environment so that you can start experiencing the framework, this article is worth going through.

Step 1: Compose the Configuration Information for Log4Net

Log4Net Framework uses the custom config handler to load in the configuration information. So to configure it, we can put the configuration in the App.Config for Desktop application and Web.Config for Web application. The following sections are examples of the same.

Desktop Application

Add the Log4Net configuration to the App.Config file. For more information about the configuration, refer to this page.

Sample App.Config File

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<configuration>
<configSections>
<section name="log4net" type="log4net.Config.Log4NetConfigurationSectionHandler, 
    log4net" />
</configSections>
<log4net debug="false">
<appender name="LogFileAppender" type="log4net.Appender.FileAppender,log4net" >
<param name="File" value="c:\\hnguyen\\download\\error-log.txt" />
<param name="AppendToFile" value="true" />
<layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout,log4net">
<param name="ConversionPattern" value="%d [%t] %-5p %c [%x] &lt;%X{auth}&gt; - %m%n" />
</layout>
</appender>
<root>
<priority value="ALL" />
<appender-ref ref="LogFileAppender" />
</root>
<category name="testApp.LoggingExample"><priority value="ALL" /></category>
</log4net>
</configuration> 

Web Application

Add the Log4Net configuration information to your web.config file. For more information about the configuration, refer to this page.

Sample web.config

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<configuration>
<configSections>
<section name="log4net" type="log4net.Config.Log4NetConfigurationSectionHandler"/>
</configSections>
<appSettings>
</appSettings>
<log4net debug="false">
<appender name="LogFileAppender" type="log4net.Appender.FileAppender,log4net">
<param name="File" value="C:\\temp\\test-web-log.txt"/>
<param name="AppendToFile" value="true"/>
<layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout,log4net">
<param name="ConversionPattern" value="%d [%t] %-5p %c [%x] - %m%n"/>
</layout>
</appender>
<root>
<priority value="ALL"/>
<appender-ref ref="LogFileAppender"/>
</root>
<category name="my.category"><priority value="DEBUG"/></category>
</log4net>
<system.web>
…………..

Step 2: Load Configuration

Before we can log any message, we need to tell the Log4Net Framework to load its configuration. Do this by invoking the DOMConfigurator once in your application.

//Load from App.Config file
log4net.Config.DOMConfigurator.Configure(); 

We can also load the configuration from different places or URLs.

//Load from local file
log4net.Config.DOMConfigurator.Configure(new System.IO.FileInfo(@"<your config file>”);

//Load from URL
WebRequest myWebRequest = WebRequest.Create("<Config File URL>");
WebResponse myWebResponse = myWebRequest.GetResponse();
log4net.Config.DOMConfigurator.Configure(myWebResponse.GetResponseStream());

Step 3: Create a Log Category

After loading the configuration, we need to create a log category before logging any message. Do this by using the LogManager class.

 private readonly ILog logger = LogManager.GetLogger("testApp.LoggingExample"); 

History

  • 16th August, 2005: Initial post

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Hai, Nguyen
Web Developer
United States United States
Senior Software Engineer

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 1 PinmemberArijit_Mukherjee19-Feb-14 22:31 
GeneralMy vote of 2 Pinmemberpdelco9-Dec-09 8:50 
GeneralAnother good link for setting and implement log4net PinmemberMD.Tanvir Anowar15-Nov-09 16:17 
GeneralThank you for the post. PinmemberCheon sang3-Aug-09 3:36 
GeneralLog4net for Web Application PinmemberManjunath Kotegowda25-Jun-09 19:42 
QuestionWhat about silverlight/xaml? Pinmemberdevvvy12-Feb-09 1:30 
GeneralThanks Pinmemberfun-e23-May-08 0:18 
GeneralThanks Hai! Pinmembereggshelly11-Jul-07 21:50 
Hi,
 
It's Dan A. from Tallan. I'm up late and needed a quick refresher on this. Thanks for putting up the article - small world. Take care!
General25 Information messages.... Pinmemberhaiaw27-May-06 13:23 
QuestionRelease 2.0? Pinmemberwirthmaster8-Feb-06 2:29 
AnswerRe: Release 2.0? PinmemberP.J. van de Sande3-Jun-06 7:46 
GeneralHmmm PinmemberGiles15-Aug-05 23:42 
GeneralSome more effort wouldbe great PinmemberMark Focas15-Aug-05 20:43 

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