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Is it really Numeric?

By , 15 Nov 2005
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Introduction

This is not a true article, it is just a tip about a "trap" that I discovered in the VB.NET IsNumeric() function and that I need to share with the VB programmers community.

Background

If you used VB6 in the past especially, you would know that the IsNumeric() function is able to determine if a given string is convertible to a number or not. Of course, VB.NET also supports it, as it supports many other legacy VB functions (by referencing Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll). These functions should all be avoided in favor of the .NET Framework counterparts, however many VB programmers still use them. That's why I think it's important you are aware of this trap.

The trap

Let's start with this line of code:

MessageBox.Show(IsNumeric("12345").ToString())

Honestly, do you think it will ever return "False"? No, it always returns "True", doesn't it? Well, try it. Now:

  1. Close your application;
  2. Go to Control Panel / Regional and Language Options;
  3. On the "Regional Options" tab, click on the "Customize..." button;
  4. On the "Customize Regional Options" dialog box, change the "Decimal symbol" and the "Digit grouping symbol" in order to have them identical (for example, a comma in both cases);
  5. Confirm your new settings;
  6. Re-run your application: you'll get "False" as a result.

This behavior is due to the ambiguity you created with these settings in the parsing algorithm that tries to convert your string to a number. Other functions such as CDbl() will crash throwing a quite self-explaining exception in this situation, but not IsNumeric(), which simply gives a wrong result...

Let's not discuss about the logic of setting the "Decimal symbol" equal to the "Digit grouping symbol". And let's not discuss about the fact that a system dialog box allows you this kind of a setting! Also, let's not talk about the users' stupidity (yes, I found a user so stupid!). Let's talk about a workaround, to make your code "safe" in the IsNumeric() execution.

A possible workaround

A good workaround consists in explicitly setting the current thread culture, and - with the culture - programmatically setting the "Decimal symbol" and the "Digit grouping symbol", as in:

Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Threading
...
Dim ci As New CultureInfo("it-IT")
Dim nfi As New NumberFormatInfo
nfi.CurrencyDecimalSeparator = ","
nfi.CurrencyGroupSeparator = "."
ci.NumberFormat = nfi
Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = ci

Of course, these settings you are "forcing" programmatically are limited to your application context and they won't influence (hopefully) anything else in the system.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

Alberto Venditti
Technical Lead
Italy Italy
I was born in 1970.
 
I studied Electronic Engineering (graduated in 1997).
 
Subsequently, I passed some Microsoft exams, and currently I'm certified as:
MCP, MCT, MCDBA, MCSD, MCAD, MCSD for .NET (early achiever).
 
My first computer experience dates back to early 80s, with a Sinclair ZX81.
From that time on, as many "friends" say, my IT-illness has increased year by year.

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 4 PinmemberMarqW16-Feb-11 4:41 
GeneralAnother way to skin this kind of cat [modified] PinmemberPeterBiddlecombe22-Nov-07 22:32 
GeneralRe: Another way to skin this kind of cat PinmemberAlberto Venditti23-Nov-07 6:02 
QuestionHow to fix this IsNumberic's error in VB6.0? PinmemberTiger.xing14-Mar-06 20:03 
AnswerRe: How to fix this IsNumberic's error in VB6.0? PinmemberAlberto Venditti23-Mar-06 21:10 
GeneralCouldnt you just... Pinmemberil_manti24-Nov-05 0:37 
GeneralRe: Couldnt you just... PinmemberAlberto Venditti24-Nov-05 3:34 
GeneralRe: Couldnt you just... Pinmemberil_manti24-Nov-05 4:33 
GeneralRe: Couldnt you just... Pinmemberunklegwar28-Nov-05 6:07 
GeneralRe: Couldnt you just... PinmemberAlberto Venditti28-Nov-05 22:22 
QuestionAnd Regular Expression? PinmemberWalter O Dias23-Nov-05 0:25 
AnswerRe: And Regular Expression? PinmemberAlberto Venditti23-Mar-06 21:13 
Generalalternative methods to IsNumeric, IsDate, InStr PinmemberAlexis Rzewski22-Nov-05 2:31 
GeneralRe: alternative methods to IsNumeric, IsDate, InStr PinmemberAlberto Venditti22-Nov-05 23:59 
GeneralRe: alternative methods to IsNumeric, IsDate, InStr PinmemberAlberto Venditti23-Nov-05 0:11 
GeneralNaive IsNumeric() inC# PinmemberGuido_d16-Nov-05 1:57 
GeneralRe: Naive IsNumeric() inC# PinmemberMichael Potter16-Nov-05 3:38 
GeneralRe: Naive IsNumeric() inC# PinmemberJared James Sullivan26-Oct-07 9:36 
GeneralRe: Naive IsNumeric() inC# Pinmemberxfx19-Jan-09 21:53 
GeneralRe: Naive IsNumeric() inC# Pinmembernikoniko23-Nov-05 20:49 
GeneralRe: Naive IsNumeric() inC# Pinmemberpercyboy19-Dec-05 14:13 
GeneralImplement Visual Basic .NET IsNumeric Functionality by Using Visual C# .NET PinmemberStanimir Angeloff15-Nov-05 21:22 
GeneralRe: Implement Visual Basic .NET IsNumeric Functionality by Using Visual C# .NET PinmemberAlberto Venditti15-Nov-05 22:20 
GeneralBetter way IMO Pinmembermav.northwind15-Nov-05 19:30 
GeneralRe: Better way IMO PinmemberAlberto Venditti15-Nov-05 22:16 

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