ASP.NET MVC Version
June 25, 2012 - See also a follow-up article: AJAX Event Calendar (Scheduler) for ASP.NET MVC 3 in 80 Lines of Code. This article introduces a new DayPilot version for ASP.NET MVC which supports drag&drop AJAX operations (event moving, resizing, and creating).
Building an Outlook-like calendar component for ASP.NET
The story is simple and you might have already heard it: I needed a component and because I wasn't able to find a good one I decided to write it. I was thinking like this: It would take me two hours to find it, another two hours to understand it and another two hours to customize it. Six hours. In six hours, I should be able to write a simple component by myself.
My project specification was simple.
- Reusable ASP.NET component for visually showing the events that happened during one day.
- It must look like Outlook.
- It must accept a
DataTable with a specified structure as a data source.
- Support for working hours - doesn't show the time outside the working hours unless there is an event.
- Support for events started before or finish after the current day.
- Support for overlapping events (two or more events for a particular moment).
Features that are not supported
- Drag and drop moving
- Inline editing
In short, no AJAX at the moment. What I need is to show the events arranged and catch the most important events (clicking the event and clicking the free space).
Problem #1: Algorithm for arranging concurrent events
This didn't take too long. After the first hour I had the draft:
Event" class will keep the basic information about the event, like starting and ending time, title, etc.
Day" class will keep all the events for a certain day. It will be able to load the events from a
DataTable. Each day can contain zero or more
Block" class will contain events that overlap with one another. Each
Block contains one or more
Column" class will contain all the events inside a
Block that can be in a single
Let's demonstrate it visually:
The algorithm can be described in the following steps:
- Shorten all the
Events so that they don't overlap to another day (e.g. if something starts yesterday, let's make it start today at 00:00).
- Extend the
Events' duration to 30 minutes blocks (we would have problems showing a duration of 5 minutes, 5 seconds - it wouldn't be possible to write any text into a rectangle of such a small height).
- Order all the events by the starting time (primary) and by the ending time in reverse (secondary) - longer events go closer to the left.
- Iterate through the events - if it overlaps with the previous add it to the current
Block; otherwise create a new
Columns inside a
Block (do this for each
- Find a moment with the most overlaps and count the overlaps. Create that many numbers of
Columns - find the first free
Column from the left and place it there.
Now, we can calculate the position of each
Event because we know the
- Left: (the column number)/(total count of columns for the owner block) in percent.
- Width: 1/(total count of columns) in percent
- Top: (starting time)*(hour height)
- Height: (duration)*(hour height)
Problem #2: Positioning the events using CSS
To show the calendar we need to draw a table with the hour numbers and yellow free cells and then draw another layer on top of the calendar that contains the events. The other "layer" can be created by setting the cascading style:
The position is defined by the "top" and "left" coordinates. These are related to the upper left corner of the document or to the upper left corner of the containing element that has the position defined (if any).
Problem #3: Box size behavior in Firefox/Internet Explorer
The biggest problem while calculating the positions was a major difference between Firefox and Internet Explorer:
- In Firefox, if you define the width and border (or padding, etc.) the total width of that box will be width + border. Firefox draws the border outside of the box.
- In Internet Explorer, if you define the width and border the total width will be the width specified. Internet Explorer draws the borders inside the box.
To achieve the same behavior in IE and FF, I had to nest several
DIV elements to create borders and padding. The resulting HTML of an event looks like this:
<div onselectstart="return false;"
onclick="event.cancelBubble=true;alert('Event ID: 4');"
<div title="Breakfest (8:00 AM - 9:00 AM)"
background-color:white;border-left:1px solid gray;
border-right:1px solid gray;overflow:hidden;">
<div style="padding:2px;">Breakfest (8:00 AM - 9:00 AM)
Problem #4: Firefox treated as a low-level browser
It is a known problem. The symptoms were that the
HtmlWriter class that is used to render the HTML of the component automatically translates the
DIV elements to
TABLE elements and the
STYLE attribute contents to (sometimes) the corresponding HTML attributes. This results in different appearance in Internet Explorer and in other browsers.
There are two possible solutions:
The first option was not possible because of the additional configuration required so I had to create several helper classes and write it directly as whole strings.
The final result
Finally, it took me a few days instead of a few hours but now you can share the result with me:
Please visit the DayPilot site for the updates.
- February 28, 2013: DayPilot Lite for ASP.NET WebForms 3.2 SP1
- September 7, 2012: DayPilot Lite for ASP.NET WebForms 3.1 SP3
- August 6, 2012: DayPilot Lite for ASP.NET WebForms 3.1 SP2
- June 25, 2012: DayPilot Lite for ASP.NET WebForms 3.1, screenshot and links updated
- February 3, 2006: DayPilot 1.1 - New features: Server-side events (postback), improved support for business hours, 12-hour and 24-hour time formats.
- January 2, 2006: DayPilot 1.0.3 - Fixed: Support for HTML 4.01 Transitional and XHTML 1.0 Transitional.
- December 28, 2005: DayPilot 1.0.2 - Fixed: Design-time preview.
- December 22, 2005: DayPilot 1.0.1 - Fixed: View state problems.