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MP3 ID3v1 Editor

, 18 Jan 2006
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Edit many ID3v1 at the same time

Introduction

This application is for read and write ID3v1 information of mp3 files. As i explain the codes i explain how ID3v1 works.

ID3 is some part of mp3 files that contains information about that file. like the title of song or artist name and etc...

ID3 have 2 major versions and this program is for working with version one. and read or write ID3v1 data. for more information about ID3 visit http://www.id3.org/

Read ID3v1.1

Declare a buffer for read from file:

Public buffer(128) As Byte

ID3v1 is at the end of file and ID3v2 is at the begining of the file. so for open ID3v1 we need to read file from the end. Lenght of ID3v1 is fix and it's 128 bytes (it's because the buffer size is 128 bytes). Make a stream to file for read 128 bytes of file from end.

        If mp3File.Length > 128 Then
            Dim mp3Reader As Stream = mp3File.OpenRead()
            mp3Reader.Seek(-128, SeekOrigin.End)
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To 127
                buffer(i) = mp3Reader.ReadByte
            Next
            mp3Reader.Close()
        End If
note: if the file lenght was fewer than 128 bytes, it's clear that file don't have ID3v1 because ID3v1 size is fix and it's 128 bytes

As you can see with this code we save all 128 byte of file to buffer. Next step is check if buffer contain ID3 data. if first 3 bytes of buffer was "TAG" it means the file have ID3v1 and if not it means file don't have ID3v1. we check it with following 'if':

If Encoding.Default.GetString(buffer, 0, 3).Equals("TAG") Then

 'Read Data

End If

How to read data ? theres some kind of standard that you must know for reading this data. let me say how read data from our buffer. the bytes 0 to 2 as you saw must be equal to "TAG".

  • 3 to 32 Contain Title ( 30 Characters )
  • 33 to 62 is Artist ( 30 Characters )
  • 63 to 92 is Album name ( 30 Characters )
  • 93 to 96 is Year ( 4 Characters )
  • 97 to 125 is Comment ( 28 Characters )
  • 126 is Track Number ( 1 Character )
  • 127 is Genre ( 1 Character )

With this information we read ID3v1 data with following codes:

_Title = Encoding.Default.GetString(buffer, 3, 30)
_Artist = Encoding.Default.GetString(buffer, 33, 30)
_Album = Encoding.Default.GetString(buffer, 63, 30)
_Year = Encoding.Default.GetString(buffer, 93, 4)
_Comment = Encoding.Default.GetString(buffer, 97, 28)
_TitleNumber = Convert.ToInt32(buffer(126).ToString())
If Convert.ToInt32(buffer(127)) > 0 Then
    _Genre = Convert.ToInt16(buffer(127))
End If
note: The Genre number is standard and we don't have definition for numbers greater than 127. it's because the code control control Genre to understand if it's smaller than 127

If file includes ID3 we set _HasTag and _HadTag to true else we set them false. we need to know if file Had Tag it need for write ID3 as you will see.

We have some public properties for Title, Artist, Album, Year, Comment, TrackNumber and Genre.

In main application we must read information with this properties and set them if we need and then call WriteID3

Write ID3v1.1

For write ID3 Data first we must fill our buffer with variables data. to do this run this code:

buffer.Clear(buffer, 0, 128)
Encoding.Default.GetBytes("TAG".ToUpper.ToCharArray()).CopyTo(buffer, 0)
Encoding.Default.GetBytes(_Title.ToCharArray()).CopyTo(buffer, 3)
Encoding.Default.GetBytes(_Artist.ToCharArray()).CopyTo(buffer, 33)
Encoding.Default.GetBytes(_Album.ToCharArray()).CopyTo(buffer, 63)
Encoding.Default.GetBytes(_Year.ToCharArray()).CopyTo(buffer, 93)
Encoding.Default.GetBytes(_Comment.ToCharArray()).CopyTo(buffer, 97)
buffer(126) = _TitleNumber
buffer(127) = Convert.ToInt32(_Genre)

As you see we cleared the buffer and then fill the buffer with variables data. As we said before first three bytes must be "TAG". remember "TAG" is case sensitive you can't use "Tag" or "TaG" or any thing except "TAG".

We need to open file for write data

Dim mp3Writer As FileStream = mp3File.OpenWrite()

If the file has tag now and had it before it means we must start overwrite data to final 128 bytes. and if file hadn't tag but now it have. it means we must write data at the end of file. or file had tag before and don't have tag now it means we must delete 128 bytes from end.

If _HasTag And _HadTag Then
   mp3Writer.Seek(-128, SeekOrigin.End)
   mp3Writer.Write(buffer, 0, 128)
ElseIf (Not _HadTag) And _HasTag Then
   mp3Writer.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.End)
   mp3Writer.Write(buffer, 0, 128)
   _HadTag = True
ElseIf _HadTag And (Not _HasTag) Then
   _HadTag = False
   mp3Writer.SetLength(mp3Writer.Length - 128)
End If
mp3Writer.Close()
note: Of course it's clear that if file didn't have tag and now don't have either we must not do some special thing

For those that more relax with C# visit http://www.codeproject.com/cs/media/id3v1editor.asp

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Hamed J.I
Web Developer
Iran (Islamic Republic Of) Iran (Islamic Republic Of)
I began programming with C/C++ when i was 15. Then try to learn VC++ but at the middle of my reading .NET came.
 
I began to read C# and VB.NET and also began designing basic websites by FrontPage and developed some websites for our school and some other companis.
 
Later learn Microcontroller and design some digital circuits with PIC microcontrollers for a industrial controller company.
 
As I learned SQL and ASP.NET developed some website such as news portals that are active now.
 
Now i'm a software student and teach programming in computer institues. And have my own job by getting projects from companies.

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralChange Audio sample rate in vb.net Pinmemberm.yazdian12-Apr-11 21:31 
Generalhi PinmemberMember 389772425-Mar-08 23:37 
Generalhelp PinmemberMember 389772417-Mar-08 0:06 
GeneralRe: help PinmemberMember 389772425-Mar-08 23:16 
QuestionMP3 ID3v1 Editor and VB 2005 Express Edition Pinmembertreble199915-Nov-07 4:31 
GeneralThank you Pinmemberimanali30-Dec-06 22:55 
GeneralNeed Help: How to Fade an mp3 or wav Pinmemberpinoylandia23-May-06 15:04 
GeneralRe: Need Help: How to Fade an mp3 or wav PinmemberHamed_ji31-Jul-06 12:26 
GeneralRemove id3 PinmemberQCPBraca15-Mar-06 15:03 
GeneralRe: Remove id3 PinmemberHamed_ji16-Mar-06 4:21 
GeneralRe: Remove id3 PinmemberQCPBraca20-Mar-06 22:16 
GeneralRe: Remove id3 PinmemberHamed_ji21-Mar-06 7:58 
GeneralRe: Remove id3 PinmemberQCPBraca21-Mar-06 21:00 
GeneralNot bad... PinmemberHyperX21-Feb-06 11:15 
GeneralSource File missing PinmemberIftikhar Ali17-Jan-06 0:11 
GeneralRe: Source File missing PinmemberHamed_ji18-Jan-06 0:10 
GeneralNot very well written. Pinmemberlintball11-Jan-06 8:48 
JokeRe: Not very well written. PinmemberRunyonAveSoulja5-Sep-06 5:54 
QuestionCode? PinmemberBojan Rajkovic11-Jan-06 7:29 

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