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Multiple Indexers In a Class Using Interface Indexers

, 17 Jan 2006 27.4K 17
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Using multiple indexers in a class using interface indexers.

Introduction

We all know about class indexers. Well, you can also have indexers in interfaces.

Interface indexers differ from class indexers in the following ways:

  • Interface accessors do not use modifiers.
  • An interface accessor does not have a body.
  • The purpose of the accessor is to indicate whether the indexer is read-write, read-only, or write-only.

The following is an example of an interface indexer:

  1. Open a new console project.
  2. Create two interfaces, i.e., Interface1 and Interface2 (as shown below in the code).
  3. Implement the indexer in each of the interfaces as shown below.
  4. Create a class called as MyClass (as shown below) which implements these two interfaces.

Code:

class MyClass:Interface1,Interface2
{
  private int[] ArrayofStrings=new int[100];
  public MyClass()
  {
   
  }
 
  public int this[int index] /* Interface1 */
  {
   get
   {
    return ArrayofStrings[index];
   }
   set
   {
    ArrayofStrings[index]=value;
   }
  }
  
  string Interface2.this[int index]
  {
   get
   {
    return ArrayofStrings[index].ToString() + " String";
   }   
  }
}
 
public class MainClass
{
  public static void Main()
  {
   MyClass o = new MyClass();

   o[1] = 1; // interface1

   Console.WriteLine(((Interface2)o)[1].ToString());
   // Interface2

   Console.ReadLine();
  }
}
 
 
public interface Interface1
{
  int this[int index]
  {
   get;
   set;
  }       
}

public interface Interface2
{
  string this[int index]
  {
   get;
  }
}

You will notice that this class has two indexers, one coming from the Interface1 and other coming from Interface2. Indexer function for Interface1 has the access modifier as public whilst the indexer for Interface2 is private. Since the access modifier for indexer of Inferface1 is public, you can access it directly from the main as you would have accessed any other class indexer.

But you will notice that along with indexer for Interface1, you can also access the indexer for Interface2 by type casting, because the Interface2 is public.

Hence, in this way, you can have multiple indexers in a class using interface indexers.

License

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About the Author

Namratha Shah
Architect
United States United States
Namratha Shah a.k.a. Nasha is from orginally from Bombay, India but currently residing NJ, USA. She has to her credit, a Bachelor’s Degree in Microbiology and Biotechnology and a Master's in Computer and Software Applications (1999-2001) from Somaiya College Bombay. She started her career with C and C++ and then moved on to Microsoft Technologies. She has over 7.5 years experience in software architecture, design and development. She is a Certified Scrum Master and a member of the CORE .NET Architecture team. She has been Awarded with Microsoft’s Prestigious Most Valuable Professional (MVP) twice consecutively in years 2005 and 2006 in Visual C#.NET for her outstanding contributions to the .NET community.

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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralTimely article... Pin
Marc Clifton17-Jan-06 7:20
protectorMarc Clifton17-Jan-06 7:20 
GeneralRe: Timely article... Pin
binaire19-Jan-06 1:19
memberbinaire19-Jan-06 1:19 
QuestionWhere could this help? Pin
Pop Catalin17-Jan-06 7:11
memberPop Catalin17-Jan-06 7:11 
AnswerRe: Where could this help? Pin
Peter Hancock21-May-07 18:15
memberPeter Hancock21-May-07 18:15 

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