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Introduction to Sql Server Views

, 16 Nov 2010 CPOL
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Views:- View can be described as virtual table which derived its data from one or more than one table columns. Through this article, I try to give the basic information about the Sql Server Views.

Views

View can be described as virtual table which derived its data from one or more than one table columns.It is stored in the database. It is used to implements the security mechanism in the Sql Server. For example, suppose there is table called Employeeinfo whose structure is given below:

Create table EmployeeInfo(EmpId int, EmpName nvarchar(200),
    EmpLogin nvarchar(20), Emppassword nvarchar(20) , EmploymentDate datetime )

And it contains the following data

EmpId EmpName EmpLogin Emppassword EmploymentDate
1 Vivek Johari Vivek VikJoh 29/01/2006
2 Virender Singh Virender Virender 06/02/2007
3 Raman Thakur Raman Raman 14/05/2007
4 Uma Dutt Sharma Uma Uma 30/03/2008
5 Ravi Kumar Thakur Ravi Ravi 30/06/2007

Now suppose that the Administrator do not want that the users have excess to the table EmployeeInfo which contains the some critical information (Emplogin, EmpPassword etc) of the Employees. So he can create a view which gives the empid, empname, employmentdate as the output and give the permission for the view to the user. In this way the administrator do not need to bother about giving the access permission for the table to the user.

The syntax for creating a View is given below:

Create View Viewname As
 Select Column1, Column2  From Tablename
 Where (Condition) Group by (Grouping Condition) having (having Condition)

For example,

  Create View View_Employeeinfo As 
        Select EmpId, EmpName, employmentdate  From EmployeeInfo

Now user can use the view View_EmployeeInfo as a table to get the empid , empname and employmentdate information of the employees by using the giving query

Select  *   from  View_EmployeeInfo  where empid=2

It would gives the following result

EmpId EmpName EmploymentDate
2 Virender Singh 06/02/2007

We can also use Sql Joins in the Select statement in deriving the data for the view.

Create table EmpProjInfo (EmpId int, Projectname nvarchar(200))

and it contains the following data

EmpId Projectname
1 Abcbank
2 AtoZfinancialsol
3 learningsystem
4 ebooksystem
5 AtoZfinancialsol

Now we can create a view Vw_EmployeeProj which gives the information about the Employees and its projects

Create view Vw_EmployeeProj As
  Select EmployeeInfo.EmpId, EmployeeInfo.EmpName, 
      EmpProjInfo.Projectname from EmployeeInfo inner join 
      EmpProjInfo on EmployeeInfo.EmpId=EmpProjInfo.EmpId

Altering an View

If we want to alter the view, then we can use the Alter View command to alter the view. For example,

Alter view Vw_EmployeeProj As
  Select EmployeeInfo.EmpId, EmployeeInfo.EmpName, 
   EmpProjInfo.Projectname from EmployeeInfo inner join 
   EmpProjInfo on EmployeeInfo.EmpId=EmpProjInfo.EmpId where EmployeeInfo.EmpId in (2,3,4)

Getting Information about the Views

We can use the System Procedure Sp_Helptext to get the definition about the views. For example, we can use the sp_helptext command to get the information about the view Vw_EmployeeProj

    sp_helptext Vw_EmployeeProj

Renaming the View

We can use the sp_rename system procedure to rename a view. The syntax of the sp_rename command is given below:

  SP_Rename 'Old Name', 'New name'

For example if we want to rename our view View_Employeeinfo to Vw_EmployeeInfo, we can write the sp_rename command as follows:

sp_rename 'View_Employeeinfo', 'Vw_EmployeeInfo'

Dropping a View

We can use the Drop command to drop a view. For example, to drop the view Vw_EmployeeInfo, we can use the following statement

   Drop view Vw_EmployeeInfo

Summary

This article tells us that view can be described as a virtual table which can derived its data from one or more than one table.We can create a view with the help of the Create View command,can alter its definition with the help of Alter view command, get its definition with the help of Sp_helptext command, rename a view with the Sp_rename command and drop a view the Drop view command.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Vivek Johari
Technical Lead
India India
I am currently working as a Analyst and have around 7.5 years of experience in database.
 
Degree:-
Master Degree in Computer(MCA)
 
Work experience:-
Designing of the database.
Database Optimization.
Writing Complex Stored Procedures,Functions,Triggers etc.
Designing and developing SSIS & DTS packages.
Designing SQL Reports using SSRS.
Database Server Maintenance.
 
Certification:-
Microsoft certified Sql DBA in Sql server 2008 (MCTS).
Microsoft certified BI professional in Sql server 2008 (MCTS).
Oracle certified profession DBA in ORACLE 10g (OCP)
certified profession DBA in ORACLE 9i (OCP)
 
My other publication
Technical Blog:- Technologies with Vivek Johari
 
Moderator and Blogger at BeyondRelational.com
 
Guest Author and Blogger at sqlservercentral.com
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Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionNice Article. PinmemberMember 1080797616-Jun-14 5:37 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberV.S.Saini29-Aug-13 1:29 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberVivek Johari9-Sep-13 1:27 
GeneralMy vote of 3 Pinmembersandy199016-Jul-13 0:16 
GeneralRe: My vote of 3 PinmemberVivek Johari9-Sep-13 1:29 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberseanmir23-Dec-12 22:51 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberVivek Johari9-Sep-13 1:30 

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