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Traditional "Hello World" Program Using Different Approaches. PART-I

, 30 Sep 2001
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Very basic understanding of the first C# program.

Introduction

You may think that the title of this article looks something odd and too lengthy. So, before moving on to the point, let me first explain to you the title.

By "Traditional Hello World", I mean that when we try to learn a new language, as the tradition goes on, we always introduce the language with a "Hello World" program. This is just a simple program which displays "Hello World" on the console screen. (PART-I)

By "Using Different Approaches", I mean that I would explain the "Hello World" program using various methods. So, the reader gets a basic and clear understanding of Object Oriented Programming using C#. (PART-II)

So folks, without breaking the tradition, let's move on to our program:

/*1*/      using System;
/*2*/         public class world
/*3*/            {
/*4*/            public static void Main()
/*5*/               {
/*6*/                 Console.WriteLine("Hello World");
/*7*/                }
/*8*/             }

You can type this code into Notepad or any of your favorite editor and save the file as helloworld.cs (you can save it with any name but the extension should be .cs). After saving the file, go to console screen (i.e., the black colored DOS prompt Window) and type csc helloworld.cs and press Enter.

The program would successfully compile, provided that there is .NET platform installed on your PC and the program is typed correctly without any mistakes.

This would generate a file as helloworld.exe which when run will give you "Hello World" on the screen. Let us now examine the different parts of our Helloworld program:

LINE: 1

using System;
  • using: Using is very similar in concept to Java's import keyword. Also, if you love C/C++ programming, then you may assume it as include keyword.
  • System: System is the most fundamental class in which every other class is defined.
  • Semicolon (;) is used to end the statement.

LINE: 2

public class world
  • public: This keyword denotes that the class is visible to everyone.
  • class: This class as the name suggests denotes that this is a class.
  • world: It is the name of the class (user defined, can be any name).

LINE: 3

{

Starting curly braces for class world.

LINE: 4

public static void Main()

This is the main entry point of this program.

  • public: I think there is no need to explain this access modifier again.
  • static: static indicates that the method is a class method and can be called without making an instance of the class first.
  • void: This is the return type of the Main method. It means that no value is returned for this method. This return type denotes the error level.
  • Main(): It is the name of the 'main method' which is Main (Main with capital M).

LINE: 5

{

Starting curly brace for method Main().

LINE: 6

Console.WriteLine("Hello World")

At last, I am on the actual line of the code which displays the traditional holy word (FOR PYSCHOs) "Hello World".

  • Console: Here Console is a class just like world in this example, and
  • WriteLine: It is a method of class Console and need not be initialized. I.e., it is a static method.

And "HelloWorld" is the string that we pass in the WriteLine method, so that it would be printed on the Console screen, i.e., the black colored DOS prompt.

LINE: 7

}

Closing curly brace for method Main().

LINE: 8

}

Closing curly brace for class world.

So folks, if you want to thank me, then what would you do? Let me guess. You would change line 6 as:

Console.WriteLine("Thank You Nemesh");

I have also uploaded the second part of this article Traditional Hello World Program using different approaches. PART -II.

License

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nemesh
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India India
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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralThank you. LOW COST DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA. www.xtremeheights.com Pinmembernemesh4-Nov-04 18:56 
GeneralRe: Thank you. LOW COST DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA. www.xtremeheights.com [modified] Pinmemberggokul3-Apr-07 19:48 
GeneralNew to programming!!! PinsussAnonymous28-Aug-02 15:26 
GeneralRe: New to programming!!! PinmemberRay Cassick28-Aug-02 17:23 
GeneralToo good Pinmembermani iyer4-Feb-02 17:27 
Generalnice work :-) PinmemberNish [BusterBoy]11-Oct-01 17:12 
GeneralHello World Pinmemberaddicted_to_cpp7-Oct-01 12:50 
GeneralRe: Hello World PinmemberNemesh Singh7-Oct-01 22:50 
GeneralGoing back to school PinmemberAnnonymous27-Sep-01 9:55 
GeneralRe: Going back to school PinmemberAlbert Einstein27-Sep-01 10:12 
GeneralRe: Going back to school PinmemberNemesh Singh28-Sep-01 1:03 
GeneralRe: Going back to school PinmemberUwe Keim1-Oct-01 2:30 
GeneralRe: Going back to school PinmemberNorm Almond1-Oct-01 2:55 

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