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Replace a Window's Internal Scrollbar with a customdraw scrollbar Control

, 17 Jun 2007 CPOL
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Shows how to replace a window's scrollbar with a skinable scrollbarctrl
Sample Image - skinscrollbar_demo.gif

Introduction

This is my first article. At first, I must express my thanks to CodeProject and all the selfless people.

I have tried to look for a sample to show me how to skin a window's internal scrollbar, but, unfortunately, I failed. Some days ago, I got inspiration: In order to skin a window's internal scrollbar, it may be possible to hide a window's scrollbar below a frame window whose size is smaller than the window, but is the window's parent.

I gave it a try and I succeeded!

Two Main Components

In my code, you will find two main components:

  1. CSkinScrollBar (derived from CScrollBar)
  2. CSkinScrollWnd (derived from CWnd)

CSkinScrollBar offers an owner draw scrollbar. What I have done is handle mouse input and paint message simply, and I do not intend to describe it in detail. If you are interested in it, you can look into my code.

CSkinScrollWnd is the Code's Core

BOOL CSkinScrollWnd::SkinWindow(CWnd *pWnd,HBITMAP hBmpScroll)
{//create a frame windows set
 ASSERT(m_hWnd==NULL);
 m_hBmpScroll=hBmpScroll;

//calc scrollbar wid/hei according to the input bitmap handle
 BITMAP bm;
 GetObject(hBmpScroll,sizeof(bm),&bm);
 m_nScrollWid=bm.bmWidth/9;

 CWnd *pParent=pWnd->GetParent();
 ASSERT(pParent);
 RECT rcFrm,rcWnd;
 pWnd->GetWindowRect(&rcFrm);
 pParent->ScreenToClient(&rcFrm);
 rcWnd=rcFrm;
 OffsetRect(&rcWnd,-rcWnd.left,-rcWnd.top);
 UINT uID=pWnd->GetDlgCtrlID();

//remove original window's border style and add it to frame window
 DWORD dwStyle=pWnd->GetStyle();
 DWORD dwFrmStyle=WS_CHILD|SS_NOTIFY;
 DWORD dwFrmStyleEx=0;
 if(dwStyle&WS_VISIBLE) dwFrmStyle|=WS_VISIBLE;
 if(dwStyle&WS_BORDER)
 {
  dwFrmStyle|=WS_BORDER;
  pWnd->ModifyStyle(WS_BORDER,0);
  int nBorder=::GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXBORDER);
  rcWnd.right-=nBorder*2;
  rcWnd.bottom-=nBorder*2;
 }
 DWORD dwExStyle=pWnd->GetExStyle();
 if(dwExStyle&WS_EX_CLIENTEDGE)
 {
  pWnd->ModifyStyleEx(WS_EX_CLIENTEDGE,0);
  int nBorder=::GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXEDGE);
  rcWnd.right-=nBorder*2;
  rcWnd.bottom-=nBorder*2;
  dwFrmStyleEx|=WS_EX_CLIENTEDGE;
 }

//create frame window at original window's rectangle and 
//set its ID equal to original window's ID.
 this->CreateEx(dwFrmStyleEx,AfxRegisterWndClass(NULL),
	"SkinScrollBarFrame",dwFrmStyle,rcFrm,pParent,uID);

//create a limit window. it will clip target window's scrollbar. 
m_wndLimit.Create(NULL,"LIMIT",WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE,CRect(0,0,0,0),this,200);

//create my scrollbar ctrl
 m_sbHorz.Create(WS_CHILD,CRect(0,0,0,0),this,100);
 m_sbVert.Create(WS_CHILD|SBS_VERT,CRect(0,0,0,0),this,101);
 m_sbHorz.SetBitmap(m_hBmpScroll);
 m_sbVert.SetBitmap(m_hBmpScroll);

//change target's parent to limit window
 pWnd->SetParent(&m_wndLimit);

//attach CSkinScrollWnd data to target window's userdata. 

//Remark: use this code, obviously, you will never try to use userdata!!
 SetWindowLong(pWnd->m_hWnd,GWL_USERDATA,(LONG)this);

//subclass target window's wndproc
 m_funOldProc=(WNDPROC)SetWindowLong(pWnd->m_hWnd,GWL_WNDPROC,(LONG)HookWndProc);

 pWnd->MoveWindow(&rcWnd);

//set a timer. it will update scrollbar's information at times.

//I have tried to hook some messages so as to update scrollinfo timely.
//For example, WM_ERESEBKGND and WM_PAINT. 
//But with spy++'s aid, I found if the window's client area need not update,
// my hook proc would hook nothing except some control-depending interfaces. 
 SetTimer(TIMER_UPDATE,500,NULL);
 return TRUE;
}
static LRESULT CALLBACK
HookWndProc(HWND hwnd, UINT msg, WPARAM wp, LPARAM lp)
{//my hook function
 CSkinScrollWnd *pSkin=(CSkinScrollWnd*)GetWindowLong(hwnd,GWL_USERDATA);
 LRESULT lr=::CallWindowProc(pSkin->m_funOldProc,hwnd,msg,wp,lp);
 if(pSkin->m_bOp) return lr;
 if(msg==WM_ERASEBKGND)
 {//update scroll info
   SCROLLINFO si;
   DWORD dwStyle=::GetWindowLong(hwnd,GWL_STYLE);
   if(dwStyle&WS_VSCROLL)
   {
    memset(&si,0,sizeof(si));
    si.cbSize=sizeof(si);
    si.fMask=SIF_ALL;
    ::GetScrollInfo(hwnd,SB_VERT,&si);
    pSkin->m_sbVert.SetScrollInfo(&si);
    pSkin->m_sbVert.EnableWindow(si.nMax>=si.nPage);
   }
   if(dwStyle&WS_HSCROLL)
   {
    memset(&si,0,sizeof(si));
    si.cbSize=sizeof(si);
    si.fMask=SIF_ALL;
    ::GetScrollInfo(hwnd,SB_HORZ,&si);
    pSkin->m_sbHorz.SetScrollInfo(&si);
    pSkin->m_sbHorz.EnableWindow(si.nMax>=si.nPage);
   }
 }else if(msg==WM_NCCALCSIZE && wp)
 {//recalculate scroll bar display area.
   LPNCCALCSIZE_PARAMS pNcCalcSizeParam=(LPNCCALCSIZE_PARAMS)lp;
   DWORD dwStyle=::GetWindowLong(hwnd,GWL_STYLE);
   DWORD dwExStyle=::GetWindowLong(hwnd,GWL_EXSTYLE);
   BOOL  bLeftScroll=dwExStyle&WS_EX_LEFTSCROLLBAR;
   int nWid=::GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXVSCROLL);
   if(dwStyle&WS_VSCROLL) 
   {
    if(bLeftScroll)
     pNcCalcSizeParam->rgrc[0].left-=nWid-pSkin->m_nScrollWid;
    else
     pNcCalcSizeParam->rgrc[0].right+=nWid-pSkin->m_nScrollWid;
   }
   if(dwStyle&WS_HSCROLL) pNcCalcSizeParam->rgrc[0].bottom+=nWid-pSkin->m_nScrollWid;
   
   RECT rc,rcVert,rcHorz;
   ::GetWindowRect(hwnd,&rc);
   ::OffsetRect(&rc,-rc.left,-rc.top);
   
   nWid=pSkin->m_nScrollWid;
   if(bLeftScroll)
   {
    int nLeft=pNcCalcSizeParam->rgrc[0].left;
    int nBottom=pNcCalcSizeParam->rgrc[0].bottom;
    rcVert.right=nLeft;
    rcVert.left=nLeft-nWid;
    rcVert.top=0;
    rcVert.bottom=nBottom;
    rcHorz.left=nLeft;
    rcHorz.right=pNcCalcSizeParam->rgrc[0].right;
    rcHorz.top=nBottom;
    rcHorz.bottom=nBottom+nWid;
   }else
   {
    int nRight=pNcCalcSizeParam->rgrc[0].right;
    int nBottom=pNcCalcSizeParam->rgrc[0].bottom;
    rcVert.left=nRight;
    rcVert.right=nRight+nWid;
    rcVert.top=0;
    rcVert.bottom=nBottom;
    rcHorz.left=0;
    rcHorz.right=nRight;
    rcHorz.top=nBottom;
    rcHorz.bottom=nBottom+nWid;
   }
   if(dwStyle&WS_VSCROLL && dwStyle&WS_HSCROLL)
   {
    pSkin->m_nAngleType=bLeftScroll?1:2;
   }else
   {
    pSkin->m_nAngleType=0;
   }
   if(dwStyle&WS_VSCROLL)
   {
    pSkin->m_sbVert.MoveWindow(&rcVert);
    pSkin->m_sbVert.ShowWindow(SW_SHOW);
   }else
   {
    pSkin->m_sbVert.ShowWindow(SW_HIDE);
   }
   if(dwStyle&WS_HSCROLL)
   {
    pSkin->m_sbHorz.MoveWindow(&rcHorz);
    pSkin->m_sbHorz.ShowWindow(SW_SHOW);
   }else
   {
    pSkin->m_sbHorz.ShowWindow(SW_HIDE);
   }
   pSkin->PostMessage(UM_DESTMOVE,dwStyle&WS_VSCROLL,bLeftScroll);
 }
 return lr;
}

//the only global function
//param[in] CWnd *pWnd: target window
//param[in] HBITMAP hBmpScroll: bitmap handle used by scrollbar control.
//return CSkinScrollWnd*:the frame pointer

CSkinScrollWnd* SkinWndScroll(CWnd *pWnd,HBITMAP hBmpScroll);

With the help of my code, you just need to add a line of code in your code. For example, assume you have a treectrl in a window and you want to replace it's scrollbar. At first, you give it a name m_ctrlTree. The next step is when it gets initialized, add a line like this:

SkinWndScroll(&m_ctrlTree,hBmpScroll)

How To Test My Project?

There are 4 types of controls in the interface, including listbox, treectrl, editctrl, richeditctrl respectively. Clicking list_addstring button will fill listctrl and you will see a left scrollbar. Clicking tree_addnode button will fill treectrl and you may see two ownerdraw scrollbars replace its internal scrollbar. Input text in two editboxes to see whether it works.

How To Prepare Your Scrollbar Bitmap?

Both vertical and horizontal scrollbars require 4 image segments. They are arrow-up/arrow-left, slide, thumb and arrow-down/arrow-right. Each of them includes 3 states: normal, hover, press. (It is possible to extend support for state easily. Because I'm not good at image processing, the sample bitmap came from a software's resource.) Beside those segments, the bitmap includes two angle segments located at bitmap's right.

Sample image

Now I Want to Show You the Problems I Have Encountered

  1. When I began this code, I tried to use a scrollbarctrl to cover the window's internal scrollbar. In my mind, only if my scrollbar window's Z order is higher, it will work well. But in fact, it does not work. Although my scrollbar window's z-order is higher, when mouse moves to scrollbar area, the internal scrollbar will render immediately. I have to add a new window as a frame to the target window.
  2. At first, I did not intend to support leftscrollbar style, and my code worked well. Finally, I decided to support it. But what makes me depressed is that it does not work any more. After spending a lot of time on debugging, I found it's wrong to move the window in the subclass callback function. So I defined a user message, and posted the message to the message queue.

How To Apply It to a ListCtrl?

Thanks to kangcorn for finding the problem.

When applying it to ListCtrl, dragging the thumb box will have no effect. I tried my best to deal with it. Now I show you an alternate method.

I derive a new class from CListCtrl and handle WM_VSCROLL/WM_HSCROLL with a sbcode equal to SB_THUMBTRACK.

For example:

LRESULT CListCtrlEx::WindowProc(UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam) 
{
 if(message==WM_VSCROLL||message==WM_HSCROLL)
 {
  WORD sbCode=LOWORD(wParam);
  if(sbCode==SB_THUMBTRACK
   ||sbCode==SB_THUMBPOSITION)
  {
   SCROLLINFO siv={0};
   siv.cbSize=sizeof(SCROLLINFO);
   siv.fMask=SIF_ALL;
   SCROLLINFO sih=siv;
   int nPos=HIWORD(wParam);
   CRect rcClient;
   GetClientRect(&rcClient);
   GetScrollInfo(SB_VERT,&siv);
   GetScrollInfo(SB_HORZ,&sih);
   SIZE sizeAll;
   if(sih.nPage==0) 
    sizeAll.cx=rcClient.right;
   else
    sizeAll.cx=rcClient.right*(sih.nMax+1)/sih.nPage ;
   if(siv.nPage==0)
    sizeAll.cy=rcClient.bottom;
   else
    sizeAll.cy=rcClient.bottom*(siv.nMax+1)/siv.nPage ;
   
   SIZE size={0,0};
   if(WM_VSCROLL==message)
   {
    size.cx=sizeAll.cx*sih.nPos/(sih.nMax+1);
    size.cy=sizeAll.cy*(nPos-siv.nPos)/(siv.nMax+1);
   }else
   {
    size.cx=sizeAll.cx*(nPos-sih.nPos)/(sih.nMax+1);
    size.cy=sizeAll.cy*siv.nPos/(siv.nMax+1);
   }
   Scroll(size);
   return 1;
  }
 }
 return CListCtrl::WindowProc(message, wParam, lParam);
}

Ok, that's all. Hope it will be helpful to you. Any suggestions will be welcome.

History

  • 2007-03-07
    • Fixed a bug of skinscrollwnd.cpp in which a wrong compare was done. Thanks to tHeWiZaRdOfDoS for reporting it to me.
  • 2007.1.23
    • Tested the project carefully and made some optimizations
  • 2007.1.22
    • Fixed a scrollbar's zero div bug, modified scrollbar's auto scroll codes
  • 2006.12.22
    • Modified code to apply it to combo ctrl
  • 2006.7.26
    • Showed a method for applying it to ListCtrl, etc.
  • 2006.7.12
    • Fixed a scrollbar's bug
  • 2006.7.9
    • Finished a primary frame

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

flyhigh
Software Developer (Senior)
China China
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionChange height and Width of Scrollbars. PinmemberMember 106417793-Apr-14 0:08 
QuestionTreeCtrl doesn't work on WinVista,7 and 8, but here's a fix PinmemberThisIsANameOK24-Nov-13 18:47 
GeneralNot pretty, but it works. PinmemberThisIsANameOK23-Nov-13 22:26 
SuggestionThe treectrl display abnormal when it has no border style. Pinmemberguguclk12-Sep-13 20:12 
GeneralSo much thank you!! Pinmemberkormoe31-Mar-11 19:05 
GeneralTanks for share! Pinmemberjoshua01374-Nov-10 19:00 
GeneralUsing the Scrollbar control in the VS2008 problem. Pinmemberchenguanghua13-Sep-10 16:45 
GeneralProblem with a top level window Pinmembermr_wad_9923-Dec-08 1:00 
GeneralRe: Problem with a top level window Pinmemberflyhigh23-Dec-08 14:18 
GeneralRe: Problem with a top level window PinmemberDazman_W16-Feb-09 5:06 
GeneralRe: Problem with a top level window PinmemberKnaus15-Apr-09 21:30 
GeneralUsing SKinScrollWnd for CDialog PinmemberMember 439186130-Sep-08 15:33 
GeneralRe: Using SKinScrollWnd for CDialog Pinmemberflyhigh30-Sep-08 21:06 
GeneralRe: Using SKinScrollWnd for CDialog PinmemberMember 439186130-Sep-08 21:22 
GeneralRe: Using SKinScrollWnd for CDialog PinmemberJames Duy Trinh (VietDoor)8-Jul-09 16:41 
Generalchanging color in the dropdown list of combobox? [modified] Pinmemberyamihere2-Sep-08 20:42 
AnswerRe: changing color in the dropdown list of combobox? PinmemberJPEXE13-Dec-10 18:43 
GeneralTwo bugs fixed [modified] Pinmembercbntrt26-Aug-08 15:32 
QuestionHiding the scrollbars?? Pinmemberyamihere20-Aug-08 23:04 
AnswerRe: Hiding the scrollbars?? Pinmemberflyhigh21-Aug-08 14:58 
GeneralRe: Hiding the scrollbars?? [modified] Pinmemberyamihere21-Aug-08 15:34 
GeneralIf I set the Tree control to no border I need to insert at least 9 items then the item will display. Pinmemberloveenya3-Aug-08 6:56 
GeneralRe: If I set the Tree control to no border I need to insert at least 9 items then the item will display. Pinmemberflyhigh3-Aug-08 13:58 
QuestionRe: If I set the Tree control to no border I need to insert at least 9 items then the item will display. PinmemberAshesOfTime4-Aug-08 4:11 
AnswerRe: If I set the Tree control to no border I need to insert at least 9 items then the item will display. Pinmemberflyhigh4-Aug-08 15:36 

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