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A Powerfull Ownerdraw Menu

, 23 Oct 2001
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An XP-style ownerdrawn menu with support for background images and icon shadow.
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Sample Image - MenuXP.jpg Sample Image - MenuXP2.jpg Sample Image - MenuXP3.jpg

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A fully featured owner-draw menu class

CMenuXP is a class derived from CMenu using ownerdraw technology. I named it MenuXP because I expected it to be like the menus found in Office XP and Windows XP, but I failed to accomplish it. The main difficulty that I had was converting the 3D border of the menu into a flat one, but I hope it is still useful to you.

I constructed the class from the Scribble sample application and some of the drawing code is copied from the CCoolMenuManager class. Additionally, I have also used a class named CBCGKeyHelper from BCGControlBar to show the accelerator key text.


1. Menu with icons, like in office 97
2. A sidebar in any level of the popup menu
3. Supports button-style menu items, such as is found in some drawing toolbars of the Microsoft Office suite
4. All colors, fonts and sizes can be customized


An item in the menu is represented by the CMenuXPItem class. Some further classes are derived from it which provide convenient uses:-
CMenuXPText presents a normal menu item with text and an optional icon
CMenuXPSeparator presents a separator
CMenuXPSideBar presents a sidebar on the left of a popup menu
CMenuXPButton presents a button only menu item, which contains the icon only

Knowing this will help you to understand the code.

How to use as a popup menu:

1. Construct a CMenuXP instance
2. Call CreatePopupMenu
3. Add a sidebar using AddSideBar if needed
4. Add some menu items using AppendODMenu
5. If there is second level popup menu, construct it using steps 1 to 4 and add it to the current menu using AppendODPopup
6. Call TrackPopupMenu as normal

The example code would be like this:-

void CMenuXPAppView::OnContextMenu(CWnd* pWnd, CPoint point) 
	CMenuXP	*pMenu = new CMenuXP;

	pMenu->AddSideBar(new CMenuXPSideBar(24, "MenuXP"));
	pMenu->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPText(10, "First Item", 
	pMenu->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPText(11, "Second Item", 
	pMenu->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPText(12, "Another Item", 
	pMenu->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPText(13, "No Icon"));
	CMenuXP *pPopup = new CMenuXP;
	pPopup->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPButton(21, 
	pPopup->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPButton(22, 
	pPopup->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPButton(23, 
	pPopup->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPButton(24, 
	pPopup->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPButton(25, 
	pPopup->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPButton(26, 
	pPopup->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPButton(27, 
	pPopup->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPButton(28, 
	pPopup->AppendODMenu(0, new CMenuXPButton(29, 

	pMenu->AppendODPopup(0, pPopup, new CMenuXPText(0, "Popup", 

	pMenu->TrackPopupMenu(TPM_LEFTBUTTON, point.x, point.y, this);

	delete pMenu;

The object constructed on the heap will be destroyed automatically, except for the toplevel popup menu which will need to be destroyed manually.

Remember to add the code below in the WM_MEASUREITEM handler of your parent window:-

void CMenuXPAppView::OnMeasureItem(int nIDCtl, LPMEASUREITEMSTRUCT lpMeasureItemStruct) 
	// TODO: Add your message handler code here and/or call default
	HMENU hMenu = AfxGetThreadState()->m_hTrackingMenu;
	CMenu	*pMenu = CMenu::FromHandle(hMenu);
	CView::OnMeasureItem(nIDCtl, lpMeasureItemStruct);

That's all, I hope this is useful to you. Bug reports and improvements are welcome.


This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here


About the Author

Neil Yao

China China
I'm a chinese programer living in Shanghai, currently working for a software company whose main business is to deliver computer based testing. Software simulation for computer based testing and certifications is my main responsibility in this company. Execpt for software development, I like out-door activities and photography. I am willing to make friends in China and all over the world, so contact me if you have anything in common with meSmile | :)

Comments and Discussions

Questionmenu created but menu itmes not displaying any text Pinmemberomkarpardeshi12327-Sep-12 1:46 
QuestionHere how I disable menu items Pinmemberbredator23-Aug-12 0:41 
Generalbug with background bitmaps Pinmembertonim17-Apr-10 0:07 
Questionwhy these icons show only once?? Pinmemberguyuewuhua16-Sep-09 0:42 
I've added the DrawItem() and MeasureItem() message handlers to the CXXDlg,and tray message hander like this
LONG CXXDlg::OnTrayNotification(WPARAM wparam, LPARAM lparam)
switch ( lparam )// The tray icon sent us a message. Let's see what it is
CPoint oPoint;
GetCursorPos( &oPoint );
CMenuXP *pMenu = new CMenuXP;
pMenSetSelectedBarColor(RGB(53, 196, 240));
AddSideBar(new CMenuXPSideBar(30, " ETCall"));
AppendODMenu2(0, new CMenuXPText(9, " OnLine", m_hOnLine));
AppendODMenu2(0, new CMenuXPText(10, " Qme", m_hQme));
AppendODMenu2(0, new CMenuXPText(11, " Away",m_hAway));
AppendODMenu2(0, new CMenuXPText(19, " Busy",m_hBusy));
AppendODMenu2(0, new CMenuXPText(19, " NoBother",m_hNoBother));
AppendODMenu2(0, new CMenuXPText(13, " Hide",m_hHide));
AppendODMenu2(0, new CMenuXPText(14, " Exit",m_hExit));
pMenu->TrackPopupMenu(TPM_LEFTALIGN | TPM_RIGHTBUTTON, oPoint.x, oPoint.y, this);
delete pMenu;
return 0;
the first time ,icons show correct,but when the tray show again,the icons don't show anymore!
GeneralExcellent work Pinmemberk77710-Mar-09 6:15 
Generalhi budbak!! PinmemberSreenivas00311-Oct-07 0:42 
Generalthis can not used as a popup menu for the woodtray PinmemberMember #25656674-Feb-07 21:35 
GeneralI found sth. like bug Pinmemberjiangfm8-Aug-06 19:00 
Questionhow to create a owned draw menu with xp style? Pinmembersting_lee5-Jul-06 23:03 
QuestionChanging Menu Font at run-time ??? Pinmemberana_v1235-Apr-06 22:29 
GeneralNot owner-drawn when built on w2K/AS with VC6 PinmemberAceWizardly7-Jul-05 3:12 
QuestionHow to disable popUp menu items? PinmemberMunazzahNawaz12-Apr-05 11:06 
GeneralSize not calculated for popup items Pinmembernaveed21-Oct-04 10:44 
GeneralAdditionnal features Pinmemberasenechal26-Apr-04 5:33 
GeneralWeird behavior on NT 4 Pinmemberasenechal26-Apr-04 5:29 
GeneralRe: Weird behavior on NT 4 PinmemberYao Zhifeng26-Apr-04 17:08 
GeneralConversion to Active X Pinmemberhprahul24-Mar-04 20:42 
GeneralRe: Conversion to Active X PinmemberYao Zhifeng24-Mar-04 22:48 
GeneralRe: Conversion to Active X Pinmemberhprahul25-Mar-04 5:23 
GeneralXP colored side bar Pinmemberwebteca21-Aug-03 5:53 
GeneralXP icon colors: only 256 Pinmemberwebteca20-Aug-03 5:02 
GeneralRe: XP icon colors: only 256 PinmemberYao Zhifeng20-Aug-03 16:01 
GeneralSideBar Pinsusstrudy_la_fee20-Aug-03 3:47 
GeneralRe: SideBar PinmemberYao Zhifeng20-Aug-03 15:55 
GeneralMeasure Item Pinsusstrudy_la_fee18-Aug-03 4:24 
GeneralRe: Measure Item PinmemberYao Zhifeng18-Aug-03 16:01 
GeneralRe: Measure Item Pinsusstrudy_la_fee19-Aug-03 1:12 
GeneralRe: Measure Item Pinmembernaveed25-Oct-04 9:22 
GeneralAssistance please PinmemberRobertoSchipp10-Aug-03 8:42 
GeneralRe: Assistance please PinmemberYao Zhifeng11-Aug-03 16:00 
Generalmemory leaks!!! Pinmemberdjjames21-Jul-03 4:56 
GeneralRe: memory leaks!!! PinmemberYao Zhifeng21-Jul-03 23:13 
GeneralRe: memory leaks!!! Pinsusstrudy_la_fee19-Aug-03 1:26 
GeneralRe: memory leaks!!! Pinmemberdjjames19-Aug-03 21:33 
Generaldialog please example Pinmemberzero_code22-May-03 7:35 
GeneralProblems using keys and various CMenu calls PinmemberMichael Mogensen14-May-03 0:09 
QuestionWhat about MenuXP versions? Pinmemberjstuardo8-Apr-03 17:44 
AnswerRe: What about MenuXP versions? PinsussYaozhifeng9-Apr-03 15:56 
GeneralDocking or align the CToolBarXP PinsussBlackNM31-Mar-03 5:17 
GeneralRe: Docking or align the CToolBarXP PinmemberYao Zhifeng1-Apr-03 18:39 
QuestionMenuXP For Dialog Based Project? PinmemberHackMan11-Feb-03 1:38 
AnswerRe: MenuXP For Dialog Based Project? PinmemberYao Zhifeng12-Feb-03 17:54 
GeneralRe: MenuXP For Dialog Based Project? PinsussAnonymous17-May-03 23:32 
GeneralI never move to the sub menu Pinmemberzyz27-Jan-03 17:37 
GeneralRe: I never move to the sub menu PinmemberYao Zhifeng28-Jan-03 16:28 
GeneralExcel XP color selection style PinmemberPetrK18-Dec-02 23:11 
GeneralRe: Excel XP color selection style PinmemberYao Zhifeng18-Dec-02 23:15 
GeneralRe: Excel XP color selection style PinmemberPetrK19-Dec-02 0:01 
GeneralRe: Excel XP color selection style PinmemberYao Zhifeng19-Dec-02 15:00 
Generalsome thing,like a bug. Pinmemberrambo_bb17-Dec-02 20:13 

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