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Reflection in C# Tutorial

, 28 Aug 2007
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Reflection in C# Tutorial

Introduction

Reflection is the ability of a managed code to read its own metadata for the purpose of finding assemblies, modules and type information at runtime. In other words, reflection provides objects that encapsulate assemblies, modules and types. A program reflects on itself by extracting metadata from its assembly and using that metadata either to inform the user or to modify its own behavior. Reflection is similar to C++ RTTI (Runtime Type Information), but much broader in scope and capability. By using Reflection in C#, one is able to find out details of an object, method, and create objects and invoke methods at runtime. The System.Reflection namespace contains classes and interfaces that provide a managed view of loaded types, methods, and fields, with the ability to dynamically create and invoke types. When writing a C# code that uses reflection, the coder can use the typeof operator to get the object's type or use the GetType() method to get the type of the current instance. Here are sample codes that demonstrate the use of reflection:

Example 1

using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class MyClass
{
   public virtual int AddNumb(int numb1,int numb2)
   {
     int result = numb1 + numb2;
     return result;
   }

}

class MyMainClass
{
  public static int Main()
  {
    Console.WriteLine ("\nReflection.MethodInfo");
    // Create MyClass object
    MyClass myClassObj = new MyClass();
    // Get the Type information.
    Type myTypeObj = myClassObj.GetType();
    // Get Method Information.
    MethodInfo myMethodInfo = myTypeObj.GetMethod("AddNumb");
    object[] mParam = new object[] {5, 10};
    // Get and display the Invoke method.
    Console.Write("\nFirst method - " + myTypeObj.FullName + " returns " +  
                         myMethodInfo.Invoke(myClassObj, mParam) + "\n");
    return 0;
  }
}

Firstly, the code snippet below will get the type information:

Type myTypeObj = Type.GetType("MyClass");

And myTypeObj will now have the required information about MyClass. Therefore we can now check if the class is an abstract class or a regular class by using either of these statements:

myTypeObj.IsAbstract 

or:

myTypeObj.IsClass 

The code snippet below will get the method's information. And the method that we are interested in this case is AddNumb:

Methodinfo myMethodInfo = myTypeObj.GetMethod("AddNumb"); 

The following code snippet will invoke the AddNumb method:

myMethodInfo.Invoke(myClassObj, mParam);
//Example2: In this example, we will use the typeof keyword to obtain the
//          System.Type object for a type.

Public class MyClass2
{
  int answer;
  public MyClass2()
  {
    answer = 0;
  }

  public int AddNumb(intnumb1, intnumb2)
  {
    answer = numb1 + numb2;
    return answer;
  }
}

The code snippet below gets the System.Type object for the MyClass2 type.

Type type1 = typeof(MyClass2);

So we will now be able to create an instance of the type1 object by passing the type1 object to the Activator.CreateInstance(type1) method.

object obj = Activator.CreateInstance(type1);

Then we can now invoke the AddNumb method of the MyClass2 class by first creating an array of objects for the arguments that we would be passing to the AddNumb(int, int) method.

object[] mParam =newobject[] {5, 10}; 

Finally, we would invoke the AddNumb(int, int) method by passing the method name AddNumb to System.Type.InvokeMember() with the appropriate arguments.

int res = (int)type1.InvokeMember("AddNumb", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,null,
                                  obj, mParam);
//Here is the complete code:
using System;
using System.Reflection;

namespace Reflection
{
   class Class1
   {
    public int AddNumb(int numb1, int numb2)
    {
      int ans = numb1 + numb2;
      return ans;
    }

  [STAThread]
  static void Main(string[] args)
  {
     Type type1 = typeof(Class1); 
     //Create an instance of the type
     object obj = Activator.CreateInstance(type1);
     object[] mParam = new object[] {5, 10};
     //invoke AddMethod, passing in two parameters
     int res = (int)type1.InvokeMember("AddNumb", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,
                                        null, obj, mParam);
     Console.Write("Result: {0} \n", res);
   }
  }
}

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Idemudia Sanni Esangbedo
Web Developer
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 4 PinprofessionalSibeesh Venu1-Aug-14 20:29 
GeneralThanks Pinmemberlokesh lokesh22-Jul-14 21:28 
QuestionRegarding GetMethod("AddNumb"); PinmemberMember 103341569-May-14 0:58 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinprofessionalAmol_B17-Mar-14 23:06 
GeneralMy Vote 5 PinmemberShivarajbk20-Feb-14 1:26 
QuestionGood tutor PinmemberMember 41187049-Jul-13 16:59 
GeneralMy vote of 4 PinmemberUbiratan Rodrigues15-Apr-13 8:49 
GeneralMy vote of 4 PinmemberJamesChenHi22-Jan-13 21:09 
GeneralMy vote of 1 PinmemberRahul (Software Engineer)9-Jul-12 0:58 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmembervinothmkgfslppy1-May-12 22:09 
GeneralGood tuto Pinmemberinnuendoreplay1-Oct-11 11:28 
GeneralMy vote of 1 PinmemberOpenSessame16-Feb-10 1:19 
GeneralGood intro PinmemberRami Shareef29-Jan-10 5:55 
Thank you.
QuestionReflection , Invoke Methods using System.Reflection PinmemberNouman_gcu29-Oct-09 3:42 
AnswerRe: Reflection , Invoke Methods using System.Reflection PinmemberIdemudia Esangbedo15-Nov-09 9:32 
GeneralI tried with Reflection Code in this article however it is not working for me Pinmemberpuneet.bhatnagar123@gmail.com6-Oct-08 23:24 
GeneralRe: I tried with Reflection Code in this article however it is not working for me [modified] PinmemberIdemudia Esangbedo9-Oct-08 8:08 
GeneralRe: I tried with Reflection Code in this article however it is not working for me PinmemberPuneet Bhatnagar15-Oct-08 0:14 
Generalplz help.. Pinmembernareshpersi25-Apr-08 3:58 
GeneralRe: plz help.. PinmemberMircea Sirghi4-Oct-08 1:33 
QuestionHow do you handle over loaded methods? PinmemberBrad Thompson26-Nov-07 7:33 
AnswerRe: How do you handle over loaded methods? PinmemberIdemudia Esangbedo1-Dec-07 9:27 
GeneralGood Article Pinmembermerlin98129-Aug-07 4:54 
GeneralFormatting PinmemberStockportJambo21-Jan-07 19:50 

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