This article will show how to extend the ASP.NET TreeView control to apply Cascading Style Sheets to tree nodes as well as add the functionality of storing custom attributes per node.
There are lots of useful make-life-easy functionalities that the built-in ASP.NET
TreeView control lacks that are very noticeable especially when you are working with third party components. Functionalities like adding custom attributes or properties to a node other then the node text and Value, a built-in data binding supporting auto-binding from a single self-referencing table with ID -> Parent ID relation, and adding a custom style or template to nodes or globally to a tree view.
Attributes and node customization are addressed in this article, and hopefully I will address auto-binding in a later article or at least give it a try!
Customizing Tree Nodes
Since we are changing the way the
Text property is being rendered, the first thing we need to do is to create a class that inherits
TreeNode and override the
RenderPostText methods. In the
RenderPreText method, we write out a
Div tag and add a
class attribute, setting its value with the
protected override void RenderPreText(HtmlTextWriter writer)
writer.AddAttribute(HtmlTextWriterAttribute.Class, cssClass );
RenderPostText method, we end the
protected override void RenderPostText(HtmlTextWriter writer)
Adding Custom Attributes
In a certain type of scenario, you many need to store data specific to nodes that the
TreeNode class does not provide. You can store any number of attributes in the collection as name/value pairs using the
public NameValueCollection Attributes
this._Attributes = value;
Using the Code
private CustomTreeNode CreateNode(string NodeText, string NodeStyle)
CustomTreeNode oNode = new CustomTreeNode();
oNode.Text = NodeText;
oNode.cssClass = NodeStyle;
oNode.Attributes["CustomAttribute1"] = "1";
oNode.Attributes["CustomAttribute2"] = "2";
oNode.Attributes["CustomAttribute3"] = "3";
Simple create an instance of the
CustomTreeNode class and set the
Attributes properties if applicable. I also provide a recursive function in the demo application that loops through the tree and displays node text and its relative attributes.
Points of Interest
I hope you find this article interesting and simple. I want to thank Danny Chen for discussing node customization which I found very useful in writing this article.
Bassam Saoud is a software developer with more then 6+ years of experience. He has masters in Computer Science from American University of Technology and is currently doing Masters in Business Administration at Colorado Heights University. He started Programming with C++ and VB and now working with ASP.NET VB.NET/C#, SQL Server 2000/2005.
His interests are mainly politics, Basketball and Traveling.