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Remote Debugging in MSVC++ 6.0 - Step by step in the OnPaint message handler

, 24 Jan 2002
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This article how to setup the remote debugging capatibilities of Visual C++ 6.0. With just a few steps and an extra machine (of course!) I´ll show how can you step into the OnPaint message handler.
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Introduction

Most of the developers that work with graphic applications or work with applications that have full-screen window some times need to know exactly what is going on behind the OnPaint function or any other screen-drawing function. The problem is that when you set up a break point in the OnPaint message handler the focus of the window goes to the VC++ environment. When this happens, your on paint event is lost and you can't even see what's happening during the painting process. This situation is very common in directX programming too, where the program need to use fullscreen mode and doesn't allow you to switch to VC++.

MS VC++ has a workaround to this problem called remote debugger. The remote debugger enables you to execute your app in one machine while you step into the code in another machine.

To explain how this VC++ feature works, we are going to use the sample project provided with this article.

Setting up the environment

The first thing you need to do is install the remote debugger in the remote machine. If you don't have VC++ installed in the remote machine (it's not required Smile | :) ), you need to copy the following files to the system directory of the remote computer:

MFC42D.DLL

MFCO42D.DLL

MSVCRTD.DLL

After copying this files you need to establish a connection between the remote computer and the "host" computer (we'll call that computer that hosts VC++ "host" for now on). To do this, create a folder in the remote computer and share it so that the host computer can see it. You must do the same thing in the host computer. Create a folder called "Test" and share it so that the remote computer can access it.

The next step is to copy the remote debugger files to the remote machine. To do this, in the host computer, map the drive that you shared early in the remote computer. After mapping the drive, copy the remote debugger files. This files can be found in the Visual Studio Folder at the subfolder Common\MsDev98\Bin. This files are:

DM.DLL

MSDIS110.DLL

MSVCMON.EXE

MSVCP60.DLL

PSAPI.DLL

TLN0T.DLL

When the files are copied, in the remote computer, go to the folder where the files were copied. Find the MSVCMON.EXE file and start it. When you start it, you'll see the following screen.

When you see this screen, hit the Connect button, so that your machine starts to listen for any connection to the remote debugger. The following screen will be showed.

Setting up the VC++ project

We have the remote computer up and running. Now we are going to use the sample project to test the remote debugger. First copy the sample project files to the shared "Test" folder in the host computer. Open the sample project and locate the OnPaint message handler function. The function must contain this code:

CPaintDC dc(this); // device context for painting

if (IsIconic())
{

	SendMessage(WM_ICONERASEBKGND, (WPARAM) dc.GetSafeHdc(), 0);

	// Center icon in client rectangle
	int cxIcon = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXICON);
	int cyIcon = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYICON);
	CRect rect;
	GetClientRect(&rect);
	int x = (rect.Width() - cxIcon + 1) / 2;
	int y = (rect.Height() - cyIcon + 1) / 2;

	// Draw the icon
	dc.DrawIcon(x, y, m_hIcon);
}
else
{
	CDialog::OnPaint();
	for(int i=0;i<640;i+=50)
	{
		dc.TextOut(200,i, "THIS IS DRAWED STEP BY STEP!");
	}
}

Set a break point at the line contain the "for" statement, so that we can step into the code while the window is being drawn.

The next step is to set the project to run using the remote debugger. Go to the Project Menu and select the Settings menu item. The project settings window should appear. Select the Debug Tab. In this window we will see 4 text boxes. In the first check box, you need to type the complete path of the application executable file as the host computer see it. (Ex.: My project is running under C:\Test in the host computer, so you need to type C:\Test\TestRemoteDebug.exe).

The second and third text box can be just blank. In the forth text box you need to type the path of the application as the remote computer see it. If you have copied the sample project to the "Test" folder, you need to inform the path of the mapped drive in the remote computer (Ex.: Let's say that you have mapped out "Test" folder of the host computer in the F: drive letter of the remote computer. In this case you need to inform F:\TestRemoteDebug.exe in the text box). After this step you can close the project settings window.

We are almost ready! Now you need to inform to the project which computer will be the remote debugger. To do this, go to the Build Menu and select the "Debugger Remote Connection..." option. Within this window, select the TCP/IP protocol and click on settings. In the settings window inform the name or IP address of the remote computer. After that you can close this window hitting the ok button.

Ok! We are ready! Start your project by hitting the F5 key (or Run menu item). The first time you execute you'll probably see a screen like this:

This happens because VC++ needs to find a local reference of each DLL that the project uses in the local machine. The first time this message boxes appear, just inform the correct path of the local DLLs.

Now just step into the code in the host computer and see what happens in the remote machine! Have fun!

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

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About the Author

Mauricio Ritter
Web Developer
Brazil Brazil
Mauricio Ritter lives in Brazil, in the city of Porto Alegre. He is working with software development for about 8 years, and most of his work was done at a bank, within a home and office banking system.
Mauricio also holds MCSD, MCSE, MCDBA, MCAD and MCT Microsoft certifications and work as a trainer/consultant in some MS CTEC in his city.
Mauricio also works in his own programming site, aimed to Brazilian Developers: http://www.dotnetmaniacs.com.br
 
In his spare time he studys korean language...

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberGianluca.Piga7-Aug-13 1:03 
QuestionWhat DLLs do you use? PinmemberpHRO gHO16-Dec-09 5:05 
QuestionHow to remote debugging a program running on a PC with a private IP address? Pinmemberehaerim18-Sep-08 10:41 
GeneralDifferent OS PinmemberMasthanRao15-May-07 7:38 
GeneralNeed Urgent PinmemberUrukundappaGudise7-Nov-06 23:57 
GeneralRemote Debugging PinmemberProgrammer Anju15-Jun-06 22:44 
GeneralRemote debugging PinmemberRaj241115-May-06 20:49 
General.remote PinmemberToby Opferman9-May-04 8:10 
Generalsimplified Terminal Server Pinmemberandré_k6-Dec-03 1:02 
GeneralRe: simplified Terminal Server PinmemberRobertoAguasGuerreiro25-Dec-03 23:47 
GeneralAttaching the debugger to a remote running process Pinmembercvind24-Feb-03 23:29 
GeneralRe: Attaching the debugger to a remote running process PinmemberRudresh4-Feb-05 0:19 
GeneralRe: Attaching the debugger to a remote running process PinmemberRaj241115-May-06 2:19 
GeneralIt's all much easier with dual monitor video cards PinmemberRuss Grabar19-Dec-02 5:04 
GeneralRe: It's all much easier with dual monitor video cards PinmemberSLy209723-Nov-03 6:03 
GeneralRe: It's all much easier with dual monitor video cards PinmemberMax Santos20-Apr-04 10:53 
Generalofftopic - Null modem PinmemberAmit Dey8-Nov-02 5:12 
GeneralRe: offtopic - Null modem PinmemberMauricio Ritter10-Nov-02 0:52 
GeneralPROBLEM WITH ABOVE STEPS Pinmembernthareja10-Aug-02 4:22 
Generalthanks.. PinmemberBernhard28-May-02 20:43 
GeneralRe: thanks.. PinmemberMauricio Ritter29-May-02 5:56 
GeneralCannot find the application on the remote machine PinmemberAngus Comber14-Mar-02 3:22 
GeneralRe: Cannot find the application on the remote machine PinmemberMauricio Ritter14-Mar-02 4:41 
GeneralRe: Cannot find the application on the remote machine Pinmembercoder9876519-Jul-10 3:09 
GeneralHost machine Win2000, Remote machine Win98 Pinmembermelwyn28-Jan-02 22:17 

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