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Fast Drive ComboBox

, 22 May 2007
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A fast combobox that correctly displays all the logical drives with the appropriate icons, volume names, and drive letters.
Screenshot - DriveComboBox.jpg

Introduction

Recently, I needed some way of displaying the logical drives on the computer and only the logical drives. I didn't think it would be any problem through the use of either OpenFileDialog or FolderBrowserDialog, but I quickly realized that these didn't do what I wanted them to do.

I, therefore, turned to CodeProject to see if a control existed here that could do the job. I found several (An "Explorer-Style" TreeView Control, DriveComboBox, Drive Box) - but none of them solved my problem to my satisfaction, and therefore I chose to hack my own control.

Using the code

To use the control, include the code and add a standard ComboBox to your form/dialog/control. Next, change the type of the control from "System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox" to "ZinoLib.Windows.Controls.DriveComboBox".

...
private ZinoLib.Windows.Controls.DriveComboBox _cbDrives = 
        new ZinoLib.Windows.Controls.DriveComboBox();
...

If you don't want to use the Designer to add the combo box to the parent control, the following code describes how to create and add the DriveComboBox to a parent control:

public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
   private ZinoLib.Windows.Controls.DriveComboBox _cbDrives;

   ...

   private void CreateDriveComboBox()
   {
      _cbDrives = new ZinoLib.Windows.Controls.DriveComboBox();
      _cbDrives.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 24);
      _cbDrives.Name = "_cbDrives";
      _cbDrives.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(320, 21);
      _cbDrives.TabIndex = 0;
      this.Controls.Add(this._cbDrives);
   }

   ...

}

The code presented in this article has support for both .NET framework 1.1 and .NET framework 2.0.

Points of interest

The .NET framework has built-in support for retrieving the logical drive letters via calls to System.IO.Directory.GetLogicalDrives() - however, it does not provide an interface to retrieve the volume name or the appropriate icon. By browsing through the source code of MrPJ's "Explorer-Style" TreeView Control and Microsoft article 319350, I figured out how to retrieve these information through the use of SHGetFileInfo located in shell32.dll. By parsing the appropriate flags, SHGetFileInfo can return the display name, icon index, icon handle, and more. I then needed a way to display this information - and thought it would be easy to extend Niels Penneman's excellent ImageCombo control. 10 minutes later, DriveComboBox was finished - and ready to be used.

The retrieval of the drive information is done in the function "BuildDriveList()" which is initially called by the constructor of DriveComboBox. Before SHGetFileInfo can be used to retrieve the actual drive information, we have to tell what information is needed. In the case of DriveComboBox, the following information is needed:

  • Icon
  • Small icon
  • Icon index
  • Display name

The actual retrieval is quite trivial, as we only have to iterate over the drives returned by System.IO.Directory.GetLogicalDrives() and call SHGetFileInfo for each drive. The information retrieved can then be used to build an ImageList of drive icons and add them to the combobox.

public void BuildDriveList()
{
   base.Items.Clear();

   ShellAPI.SHFILEINFO shInfo = new ShellAPI.SHFILEINFO();
   ShellAPI.SHGFI dwAttribs = 
     ShellAPI.SHGFI.SHGFI_ICON |
     ShellAPI.SHGFI.SHGFI_SMALLICON |
     ShellAPI.SHGFI.SHGFI_SYSICONINDEX |
     ShellAPI.SHGFI.SHGFI_DISPLAYNAME;

   ListDictionary _iconDict = new ListDictionary();            
   foreach( string drive in System.IO.Directory.GetLogicalDrives() )
   {
      IntPtr m_pHandle = ShellAPI.SHGetFileInfo(drive, 
                            ShellAPI.FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,
                            ref shInfo,
                            (uint)System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.SizeOf(shInfo),
                            dwAttribs);

      if( m_pHandle.Equals(IntPtr.Zero)==false )                    
      {
         int idxIcon = 0;
         if( _iconDict.Contains(shInfo.iIcon)==false )
         {
            base.ImageList.Images.Add( 
              System.Drawing.Icon.FromHandle(shInfo.hIcon).Clone() 
              as System.Drawing.Icon );

            User32API.DestroyIcon(shInfo.hIcon);

            _iconDict.Add( shInfo.iIcon, _iconDict.Count );
            idxIcon = _iconDict.Count-1;
         }
         else
            idxIcon = Convert.ToInt32( _iconDict[shInfo.iIcon] );


         ImageComboItem item = 
           new ImageComboItem(shInfo.szDisplayName, idxIcon, false);
         item.ItemValue = drive;
         base.Items.Add( item );
      }
   }

   if( base.Items.Count!=0 )
      base.SelectedIndex = 0;
}

License

You are free to use this code in any way you wish - both in freeware and commercial programs - free of charge. A small link in an About box etc. will be appreciated - but it is not required.

Acknowledgement

Most of the credit must go to Niels Penneman for his ImageCombo control which does most of the magic in the DriveComboBox control, and MrPJ for his "Explorer-Style" TreeView Control which gave me the idea to use SHGetFileInfo.

History

  • 2007-05-08: Initial release.
  • 2007-05-15: Moved drive enumeration to a separate function "BuildDriveList" and removed the Items property from the designer.
  • 2007-05-23: Minor ajustments to the article text.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Michael B. Hansen
Systems Engineer SPAMfighter
Denmark Denmark
I have a MCPD .NET 3.5 EAD and a Bsc in computer science, organizational theory and economics, and work as lead developer on SPAMfighter Exchange Module and SPAMfighter Mail Gateway in SPAMfighter, Europe's leading Anti Spam Filter developer.

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionCircles for the drive icons PinmemberBrian C Hart12-Aug-14 20:26 
QuestionThanks! PinmemberMillerME16-Nov-13 10:48 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmvpKanasz Robert27-Sep-12 11:00 
GeneralLogical drives not. PinmemberVercas17-Aug-10 1:28 
GeneralUpdating Icons when Drive Changes PinmemberMember 309384422-Mar-10 6:13 
GeneralRe: Updating Icons when Drive Changes PinmemberMichael B. Hansen22-Mar-10 7:35 
GeneralRe: Updating Icons when Drive Changes PinmemberMember 309384422-Mar-10 8:33 
Generalnice Pinmemberxtcradio10-Mar-10 17:42 
thanks...
homer simpson....hahaha
GeneralInteresting, but I wonder... PinmemberJohnny J.14-May-07 21:28 
GeneralRe: Interesting, but I wonder... PinmembereisernWolf14-May-07 22:06 
GeneralRe: Interesting, but I wonder... PinmemberJohnny J.14-May-07 22:11 
AnswerRe: Interesting, but I wonder... PinmemberMichael B. Hansen14-May-07 22:46 
GeneralRe: Interesting, but I wonder... Pinmembervodzurk30-Aug-07 13:14 
GeneralBUG - Identical items - Design-time PinmembereisernWolf14-May-07 21:02 
GeneralRe: BUG - Identical items - Design-time PinmemberMichael B. Hansen14-May-07 22:48 
AnswerRe: BUG - Identical items - Design-time PinmemberMichael B. Hansen14-May-07 23:07 
GeneralNice But ... PinmemberHamed_ji13-May-07 0:56 
GeneralRe: Nice But ... PinmemberMichael B. Hansen14-May-07 7:02 
GeneralNice.. Pinmembermerlin9818-May-07 11:11 
AnswerRe: Nice.. PinmemberMichael B. Hansen8-May-07 11:18 

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