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Retrieve a Web Pages' Shortcut Icon

, 17 Oct 2008
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This article will show you a couple of ways to extract a web pages' icon
Screenshot - firefox.jpg

Screenshot - MyProj.jpg

Introduction

Ever wondered how Internet Explorer and Firefox get those little webpage icons in their address bar or tabs? Well, so did I.

I found a couple of ways to retrieve the icon from a webpage.

But, I am the first to say this surely can't be the best or easiest way of doing this. But hey, it works. Will appreciate if the gurus out there can post some alternative (by alternative, I mean better) methods of extracting the webpage SHORTCUT ICON.

The Code

This code is triggered on the webbrowser's Navigating event.

In this method, there is a double check for the webpage icon. Usually a webpage icon is called favicon.ico. So you can get the icon from a host URL (like www.google.com) by adding /favicon.ico to it. Eg. http://www.codeproject.com/favicon.ico. This should display the icon in a webbrowser.

BUT, sometimes webpages don't call their shortcut icon favicon.ico. So I went to the HTML document to retrieve the icon path. It should be located under the element tag link with attribute rel where rel equals SHORTCUT ICON.

Now I can extract the icon in two different ways. First I get the URL and simply display the icon in an HTML control, in this case a WebBrowser. Secondly, I stream the icon to an image and display it as such in an Image control.

Here's the code:

Firstly set your proxy – if any.

  string iconPath = "";

  Image img = null;
  Stream myStream = null;

  WebProxy proxy = new WebProxy("http://proxy:80/", true);
  proxy.Credentials = new NetworkCredential("userId", "password", "Domain");

Continuing with the above method, I simply add /favicon.ico to the current URL and send a request.

WebRequest requestImg = WebRequest.Create("http://" + e.Url.Host + "/favicon.ico");

  requestImg.Proxy = proxy;
  requestImg.Timeout = 10000;

Create an instance of the WebResponse. If the response ContentLength is bigger then zero, we simply use the URL we just cooked up.

  WebResponse response = requestImg.GetResponse();

  if (response.ContentLength > 0)
      myStream = response.GetResponseStream();  

ELSE, loop through the HTML document elements and retrieve the attribute rel that equals SHORTCUT ICON. From this, we can retrieve the icon name.

  else
  {
      HtmlDocument doc = webBrowser1.Document;
      HtmlElementCollection collect = doc.GetElementsByTagName("link");

    foreach (HtmlElement element in collect)
    {
         if (element.GetAttribute("rel") == "SHORTCUT ICON")
         iconPath = element.GetAttribute("href");
       }

    this.Text = doc.Title;
               
    requestImg = WebRequest.Create("http://" + e.Url.Host + iconPath);
                
    response = requestImg.GetResponse();

    myStream = response.GetResponseStream();
  }

Lastly, I display the "values" in an Image and WebBrowser.

  img = Image.FromStream(myStream);
  this.pictureBox1.Image = img;

  webBrowser2.Url = requestImg.RequestUri;
  webBrowser2.Update();

Conclusion

Like I said from the start, this surely can't be the best way, can it? Please post a message if there's any other way of doing this.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Johan Vorster
Software Developer
United Kingdom United Kingdom
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 2 Pinmemberrutstyle16-Feb-11 17:45 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 PinmemberJohan "BJ" Vorster13-Jan-12 0:42 
GeneralA class would be nice PinmemberBigdeak22-Jun-10 5:37 
QuestionHow do you save the icon? Pinmemberthund3rstruck13-Nov-09 17:43 
GeneralBetter working code! Pinmembermcgin159113-Jul-09 10:39 
GeneralRe: Better working code! PinmemberJohan "BJ" Vorster13-Jul-09 22:18 
GeneralRe: Better working code! Pinmembermcgin15919-Aug-09 12:55 
QuestionCode would not execute past GetResponse call... PinmemberDdoubleD21-May-09 12:43 
AnswerRe: Code would not execute past GetResponse call... PinmemberJohan "BJ" Vorster21-May-09 21:51 
Hahaha, I had to download the code myself, haven't looked at it in ages, and had the exact same problem. Poke tongue | ;-P
 
Have you changed the proxy settings?
 
replace:
WebProxy proxy = new WebProxy("http://proxy:80/", true);
with
WebProxy proxy = new WebProxy();
 
and let me know how that goes.
GeneralRe: Code would not execute past GetResponse call... PinmemberDdoubleD22-May-09 3:12 
GeneralRe: Code would not execute past GetResponse call... PinmemberDdoubleD22-May-09 7:59 
GeneralRe: Code would not execute past GetResponse call... PinmemberJohan "BJ" Vorster25-May-09 22:37 
GeneralRe: Code would not execute past GetResponse call... PinmemberDdoubleD26-May-09 1:55 
GeneralRe: Code would not execute past GetResponse call... PinmemberJohan "BJ" Vorster26-May-09 2:25 
Questionhow to achieve "Retreive a web pages' shortcut icon" in asp.net2.0 PinmemberMohammmed Farooq27-Aug-08 1:21 
AnswerRe: how to achieve "Retreive a web pages' shortcut icon" in asp.net2.0 PinmemberBJ Vorster27-Aug-08 1:32 
GeneralRe: how to achieve "Retreive a web pages' shortcut icon" in asp.net2.0 PinmemberMohammmed Farooq27-Aug-08 17:20 
GeneralRe: how to achieve "Retreive a web pages' shortcut icon" in asp.net2.0 [modified] PinmemberBJ Vorster27-Aug-08 22:09 
GeneralShould probably check for link before /favicon.ico Pinmemberlogan133720-Jun-07 8:41 
GeneralRe: Should probably check for link before /favicon.ico PinmemberBJ Vorster20-Jun-07 21:41 
GeneralRe: Should probably check for link before /favicon.ico Pinmembertekoteko1-Nov-07 7:47 
GeneralNot a web guru but... PinmemberEd.Poore11-Jun-07 1:52 
GeneralRe: Not a web guru but... PinmemberJohan Vorster11-Jun-07 1:59 
GeneralRe: Not a web guru but... PinmemberEd.Poore11-Jun-07 2:36 
GeneralRe: Not a web guru but... PinmemberJohan Vorster11-Jun-07 3:00 

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