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Resizing an Image On-The-Fly using .NET

, 5 May 2011
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Resizing an Image On-The-Fly using .NET

The other day, I was given the requirement to be able to dynamically resize a JPEG image server-side before rendering it down to the browser, thus reducing unnecessary bandwidth usage between the server and the client.

Clearly, it would be more efficient to store the original image in the different sizes required, as resizing the images on-the-fly would put an unnecessary additional load on the server, however in this case, it wasn't an option.

Firstly, we are going to need the System.Drawing and System.Drawing.Drawing2D namespaces:

// C#
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
' Visual Basic
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Drawing.Drawing2D

Secondly, the signature for our method which is going to do the resizing:

// C#
public static Image ResizeImage(Image image, Size size, bool preserveAspectRatio = true)
{

}
' Visual Basic
Public Shared Function ResizeImage(ByVal image As Image, _
  ByVal size As Size, Optional ByVal preserveAspectRatio As Boolean = True) As Image

End Function

As you can see, the method takes two mandatory parameters: the image to be resized and the new size it is to be resized to. An optional third parameter specifies whether to preserve the image's original aspect ratio.

If we are not going to preserve the aspect ratio of the original image, then we simply set the height and width of the new image accordingly. However, if we do wish to preserve the aspect ratio, then the situation is a little more complex: Firstly, we need to calculate the percentage difference, in each axis (height and width), between the original image and the desired size. Then we use whichever difference is the smaller to calculate the new height and width of the new image:

// C#
int newWidth;
int newHeight;
if (preserveAspectRatio)
{
    int originalWidth = image.Width;
    int originalHeight = image.Height;
    float percentWidth = (float)size.Width / (float)originalWidth;
    float percentHeight = (float)size.Height / (float)originalHeight;
    float percent = percentHeight < percentWidth ? percentHeight : percentWidth;
    newWidth = (int)(originalWidth * percent);
    newHeight = (int)(originalHeight * percent);
}
else
{
    newWidth = size.Width;
    newHeight = size.Height;
}
' Visual Basic
Dim newWidth As Integer
Dim newHeight As Integer
If preserveAspectRatio Then
    Dim originalWidth As Integer = image.Width
    Dim originalHeight As Integer = image.Height
    Dim percentWidth As Single = CSng(size.Width) / CSng(originalWidth)
    Dim percentHeight As Single = CSng(size.Height) / CSng(originalHeight)
    Dim percent As Single = If(percentHeight < percentWidth, percentHeight, percentWidth)
    newWidth = CInt(originalWidth * percent)
    newHeight = CInt(originalHeight * percent)
Else
    newWidth = size.Width
    newHeight = size.Height
End If

Next, we create a blank bitmap using our new dimensions:

// C#
Image newImage = new Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight);
' Visual Basic
Dim newImage As Image = New Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight)

Finally, we use the graphics handle of the new bitmap to draw the original image onto our new bitmap and return it:

// C#
using (Graphics graphicsHandle = Graphics.FromImage(newImage))
{
    graphicsHandle.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
    graphicsHandle.DrawImage(image, 0, 0, newWidth, newHeight);
}
return newImage;
' Visual Basic
Using graphicsHandle As Graphics = Graphics.FromImage(newImage)
    graphicsHandle.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic
    graphicsHandle.DrawImage(image, 0, 0, newWidth, newHeight)
End Using
Return newImage

You can experiment with the interpolation mode to vary the quality of the resized image. Personally, I found HighQualityBicubic to give the best results. The code for the complete method is as follows:

// C#
public static Image ResizeImage(Image image, Size size, 
	bool preserveAspectRatio = true)
{
    int newWidth;
    int newHeight;
    if (preserveAspectRatio)
    {
        int originalWidth = image.Width;
        int originalHeight = image.Height;
        float percentWidth = (float)size.Width / (float)originalWidth;
        float percentHeight = (float)size.Height / (float)originalHeight;
        float percent = percentHeight < percentWidth ? percentHeight : percentWidth;
        newWidth = (int)(originalWidth * percent);
        newHeight = (int)(originalHeight * percent);
    }
    else
    {
        newWidth = size.Width;
        newHeight = size.Height;
    }
    Image newImage = new Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight);
    using (Graphics graphicsHandle = Graphics.FromImage(newImage))
    {
        graphicsHandle.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
        graphicsHandle.DrawImage(image, 0, 0, newWidth, newHeight);
    }
    return newImage;
}
' Visual Basic
Public Shared Function ResizeImage(ByVal image As Image, _
  ByVal size As Size, Optional ByVal preserveAspectRatio As Boolean = True) As Image
    Dim newWidth As Integer
    Dim newHeight As Integer
    If preserveAspectRatio Then
        Dim originalWidth As Integer = image.Width
        Dim originalHeight As Integer = image.Height
        Dim percentWidth As Single = CSng(size.Width) / CSng(originalWidth)
        Dim percentHeight As Single = CSng(size.Height) / CSng(originalHeight)
        Dim percent As Single = If(percentHeight < percentWidth, 
				percentHeight, percentWidth)
        newWidth = CInt(originalWidth * percent)
        newHeight = CInt(originalHeight * percent)
    Else
        newWidth = size.Width
        newHeight = size.Height
    End If
    Dim newImage As Image = New Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight)
    Using graphicsHandle As Graphics = Graphics.FromImage(newImage)
        graphicsHandle.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic
        graphicsHandle.DrawImage(image, 0, 0, newWidth, newHeight)
    End Using
    Return newImage
End Function

We can then call the method at an appropriate point to resize the image. In this example, I simply read the original image from disk and then save the resized image to a MemoryStream for use later in the application:

// C#
Image original = Image.FromFile(@"C:\path\to\some.jpg");
Image resized = ResizeImage(original, new Size(1024, 768));
MemoryStream memStream = new MemoryStream();
resized.Save(memStream, ImageFormat.Jpeg);
' Visual Basic
Dim original As Image = Image.FromFile("C:\path\to\some.jpg")
Dim resized As Image = ResizeImage(original, New Size(1024, 768))
Dim memStream As MemoryStream = New MemoryStream()
resized.Save(memStream, ImageFormat.Jpeg)

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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MBigglesworth79
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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralGood article Pinmembersamkamiru5-Mar-14 9:25 
QuestionHow to return values from your method PinmemberMember 1025370110-Sep-13 16:00 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberCyberAngel22-Jul-13 3:51 
QuestionExcellent Pinmemberak1619-Jul-13 5:40 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberSeraphimFoa27-Feb-13 23:40 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberDavid from Florida18-Feb-13 5:13 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberJohan Hakkesteegt17-Dec-12 3:19 
QuestionA suggestion for improving the display in web apps Pinmemberyaron1115-Nov-12 8:33 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberNoel Buenaventura13-Nov-12 20:50 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberJohn Mikkelä12-Nov-12 7:02 
Buggreat but one small detail... RESIZE PRECISION Pinmembereniro95824-Oct-12 6:49 
GeneralGreat! PinmemberJuan R. Huertas20-Aug-12 22:05 
GeneralExcellent Pinmemberfchateau24-Jul-12 22:27 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberWalter Lippens18-May-12 3:33 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmembertrx123-Mar-12 4:09 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberkiran dangar5-Oct-11 2:10 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmvpMd. Marufuzzaman15-Jun-11 20:00 
GeneralNice one! PinmemberAnt210026-May-11 9:53 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberKim Togo9-May-11 21:59 
GeneralJPEG Quality... PinmemberDrew Stainton5-May-11 7:29 
GeneralRe: JPEG Quality... PinmemberMBigglesworth795-May-11 21:57 
GeneralRe: JPEG Quality... PinmemberMember 988791112-Jul-13 22:47 
GeneralNice, simple and clean PinmemberMario Majcica5-May-11 2:45 

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