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Universal Web Services Consumer Using HTTP POST

, 26 Jun 2007
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Call Web Services methods without adding a web reference.

Screenshot - UniversalWSConsumer.gif

Introduction

This article explains how to consume Web Services without adding a Web Reference to the project.

Using the code

Use the WSRequestHelper class to consume the Web Service. This has been tested on some public Web Services.

Properties

  • URL: The URL of the Web Service; example: http://localhost/Project.WS.Auth/AuthService.asmx.
  • Method: The method to call; example: Login.
  • Parameters: The parameters needed for the call.

Methods

  • CallWebServiceReturnString: Call the Web Service and return the response as a string.
  • CallWebService: Call the Web Service and return the response as an XML document.
' Constructor for the Class
'The object that will manage the Soap Request
Dim SoapHelper As New WSRequestHelper(Me.txtWSDLAddress.Text, Me.txtMethod.Text)
'Calling the Web Service
Me.txtWSResponse.Text = SoapHelper.CallWebService().InnerText

' Core of the WSRequestHelper Class
'Create the WebClient
Dim Request As New WebClient
'Set up the request
Request.Headers.Add("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded")

Making the Call inside the class
'Request to the WS
Dim Req As WebClient = CreateRequest()
'Soap Message to send
Dim MessageToPost As String = CreateMessage()
Return Req.UploadString(Me.PostURL, "POST", MessageToPost)
'Request to the WS
Dim Req As WebClient = CreateRequest()

Points of Interest

The call to the Web Service uses HTTP POST for the request, so may be some methods cannot be invoked with this approach. The code has not been tested with complex types. To use SOAP, use the Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.SoapMessage class; it works. I have used this with some Cold Fusion Web Services as well.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Pramirez
Web Developer
Mexico Mexico
I am Pedro Ramirez from mexico, work for www.sciodev.com, the company is located in Mexico, we do outsourcing and nearshore development, we are focused on SaaS nearshore development, I started with VB.Net, but now I am ambidextrous using VB.Net or C#.

Comments and Discussions

 
Generalbug if you call a ws with no parameters Pinmemberbaileyk8315-Apr-09 13:57 
Generalnice Pinmemberfronjm059-Aug-07 12:05 
GeneralResponse to user:fronjm05 PinmemberPramirez9-Aug-07 12:01 
GeneralRe: Response to user:fronjm05 Pinmemberfronjm0516-Aug-07 3:59 
GeneralRe: Response to user:fronjm05 PinmemberPramirez16-Aug-07 5:11 
GeneralGreat article PinmemberMitchL10-Jul-07 5:53 
QuestionSOAP? Pinmemberroberto galbiati3-Jul-07 0:31 
AnswerRe: SOAP? PinmemberBPanic3-Jul-07 2:36 

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