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Adding attributes to the <body> tag when using Master Pages

, 30 Jul 2007
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Accessing the Master Page tag from an ASP.NET Content page

Problem

If you are using Master Pages in an ASP.NET application and you need to add an attribute to the <BODY> tag from a Content Page -- for instance, to set a client script function for the onload event of the page -- you will find that you can't do it directly because the <BODY> tag is in the Master Page, not in your Content Page.

Solution

Make the <BODY> tag on the Master Page a public property, so you can access it from any Content Page. First, promote the <BODY> tag in the Master Page to an ASP.NET server control. Change:

<BODY>

to:

<BODY id="MasterPageBodyTag" runat="server">

Now that the body tag is a server control, you can configure access to it as a public property in the Master Page code behind file:

using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
public partial class MyMasterPage : System.Web.UI.MasterPage
{
    public HtmlGenericControl BodyTag
    {
        get
        {
            return MasterPageBodyTag;
        }
        set
        {
            MasterPageBodyTag = value;
        }
    }
...

Note that the MasterPageBodyTag server control is of type System.Web.UI.HtmlControls.HtmlGenericControl. To demonstrate this, just set a breakpoint in the Page_Load function in the code behind file, run the ASP.NET project in debug mode to that point, and execute ?MasterPageBodyTag.GetType().ToString() in the Immediate Window. To use this property from a Content Page, first declare the type of your Master Page in your Content Page's ASPX file:

<%@ MasterType TypeName="MyMasterPage" %>

Then somewhere in your Content Page's code behind file, use the Master Page's BodyTag property to add an attribute to the <BODY> tag:

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    Master.BodyTag.Attributes.Add("onload", "SayHello()");
...

This example, of course, assumes that there is a SayHello() client script in this Content Page. Running the application to the Content Page and then viewing the source code in the browser will show that the onload="SayHello()" attribute was added to the <BODY> tag. This technique should work for any HTML tag in the Master Page that you wish to access from a Content Page.

History

  • 28 June, 2007 -- Original version posted
  • 30 June, 2007 -- Article moved to main CodeProject.com article base
  • 30 July, 2007 -- Article edited

License

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About the Author

Chuck Bevitt

United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionMaster page body tag in Visual Studio 2010 PinmemberMember 800638431-Dec-13 7:44 
GeneralTip: If you get error "Could not load type 'MyType' Pinmembernaughton21-Mar-11 5:43 
GeneralRe: Tip: If you get error "Could not load type 'MyType' Pinmemberhamedfilm10-Feb-12 23:09 
GeneralRe: Tip: If you get error "Could not load type 'MyType' Pinmemberhamedfilm10-Feb-12 23:10 
GeneralMy simple solution to this PinmemberRattlehunter10-Nov-09 8:29 
Generalperfect Pinmemberev cabrera5-Jun-08 6:35 
GeneralHelp... PinmemberAD3428-Apr-08 10:41 
Does anyone have samples of doing this with VB?
 
I can't get this to work, I have to be close but just missing something, if anyone has a sample using VB with Code Behind file, I would sure appreciate it if you would be willing to share it.
 
Thanks
AD34
GeneralI dont get this... PinmemberMember 385187925-Mar-08 20:34 
GeneralA more simple way Pinmemberjustin.moses21-Aug-07 9:38 
GeneralRe: A more simple way Pinmemberpsychrometrics28-Sep-07 3:36 
QuestionRe: A more simple way Pinmemberjustin.moses28-Sep-07 4:11 
AnswerRe: A more simple way Pinmemberpsychrometrics1-Oct-07 7:26 
GeneralRe: A more simple way Pinmembermln693715-Feb-08 22:38 
GeneralGood job PinmemberCoolBreeze8127-Aug-07 16:01 
QuestionWhat about Master page body attributes ??? PinmemberCWinKY7-Aug-07 5:20 
Questionuser control access PinmemberKamagurka6-Aug-07 18:12 
GeneralGreat, but question PinmemberJamie Nordmeyer30-Jul-07 5:25 
QuestionHELP I had this problem few days ago and abandoned this solution.... PinmemberKarmasAgent17-Jul-07 20:19 
Questionaccess from Control PinmemberOmidH17-Jul-07 18:58 
Generalgood!! Pinmembernikhilmittal16-Jul-07 0:49 
Generalgood job! Pinmemberyork zhang14-Jul-07 23:29 
GeneralGood thinking PinmemberAdam Tibi6-Jul-07 5:32 
QuestionWhy would you want to do this? PinmemberKevnz1-Jul-07 17:53 
AnswerRe: Why would you want to do this? PinmemberChuck Bevitt2-Jul-07 13:03 
GeneralRe: Why would you want to do this? PinmemberDavide Icardi2-Jul-07 14:08 
GeneralRe: Why would you want to do this? Pinmembershroomy16-Oct-07 7:05 
AnswerRe: Why would you want to do this? PinmemberKellyLeahy2-Jul-07 14:37 
GeneralRe: Why would you want to do this? PinmemberEdelman7-Aug-07 2:21 
AnswerRe: Why would you want to do this? Pinmemberomegammx222-Jun-12 4:37 
GeneralGreat PinmemberBen Daniel28-Jun-07 15:12 
GeneralBody tag... PinmemberKellyLeahy28-Jun-07 14:16 
GeneralRe: Body tag... [modified] PinmemberChuck Bevitt2-Jul-07 12:58 
GeneralHow do you change the page's scrollbars through this? Pinmemberjemer9911-May-10 13:32 

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