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JavaScript/PHP - Multiple File Upload

, 15 Jul 2007 CPOL
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Option to add n number of file input controls to upload multiple files.

Introduction

This snippet allows users to add multiple files to be uploaded. By default, only one file upload control is visible. Upon clicking the "+" icon, more controls are added.

Screenshot - default.jpg

Default form

Screenshot - more.jpg

More file controls added

Background

Very often to allow multiple file uploads, an unnecessary number of file upload controls are preloaded in forms. This code is an example of how to keep the form clean without losing the important features.

Using the Code

This code snippet is developed with PHP and needs an Apache webserver to run. The "uploads" directory needs file read-write permission. To use it in an application, you will need to add a database interface to store the uploaded information. It is a single file that has both the form and its handler.

The script has two functions: uploadForm and upload. uploadForm displays the form and upload does the form handling.

<?php
if($_POST['pgaction']=="upload")
 upload();
else
 uploadForm();
?>

The above is an example for new programmers on how to deine a form and its handling in the same script.

<tr class="txt">
   <td valign="top">
    <div id="dvFile">
     <input type="file" name="item_file[]">
    </div>
   </td>
   <td valign="top">
    <a href="javascript:_add_more();" title="Add more">
     <img src="plus_icon.gif" border="0">
    </a>
   </td>
</tr>

The hyperlink to the icon invokes the JavaScript function _add_more, which adds more control to the form. I have used the div to identify a block of the form and populate more controls in this block.

function _add_more() {
  var txt = "<br><input type=\"file\" name=\"item_file[]\">";
  document.getElementById("dvFile").innerHTML += txt;
}

The JavaScript function adds more controls as required.

if(count($_FILES["item_file"]['name'])>0) { //check if any file uploaded
  $GLOBALS['msg'] = ""; //initiate the global message
  for($j=0; $j < count($_FILES["item_file"]['name']); $j++) { 
  //loop the uploaded file array
   $filen = $_FILES["item_file"]['name']["$j"]; //file name
   $path = 'uploads/'.$filen; //generate the destination path
   if(move_uploaded_file($_FILES["item_file"]['tmp_name']["$j"],$path)) {
   //upload the file
    $GLOBALS['msg'] .= "File# ".($j+1)." ($filen) uploaded successfully<br>";
    //Success message
   }
  }
 }
 else {
  $GLOBALS['msg'] = "No files found to upload"; //No file upload message 
}

The uploaded file handler function checks for uploaded files, and if found, stores them in the web server.

Future Enhancement

In the code, if the user chooses a file and then adds more controls, the previous file information is not stored and is lost. I need to add a feature to store the previously chosen file.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Anisur RM
Web Developer
India India
Hi,
I am a web-application developer and like to play around with different web technologies for fun. I already dug some ground in JavaScript, PHP, Java, MySQL, Apache and Linux and now like to dig some in C#. I will try to share some of my experience with you, which you may or may not like. Please advice suggestion to improve them.

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionGet Undefined index: pgaction when first time form load [modified] Pinmemberniravbhavsar31-Oct-12 20:57 

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