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About _ValidateEH3RN in SEH

, 19 Aug 2007
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This article supplies the source code of the _ValidateEH3RN function in Structured Exception Handling.

Introduction

When studying Matt Pietrek's excellent article "A Crash Course on the Depths of Win32 Structured Exception Handling" (MSJ, Jan 1997), I found a new routine was called in _except_handler3 in Windows XP SP2. It's _ValidateEH3RN. Microsoft doesn't supply the source code of this function. I searched for it in Google, but couldn't find any useful information.

With the help of the Visual Studio .NET 2003 debugger, I spent a day and night to finish it, and named the file _ValidateEH3RN.c, although I know its original name in the CRT source is eh3valid.c. I compiled it using the command line "CL /c /Ob1 /Z7 /Zl _ValidateEH3RN.c" and then disassembled the generated obj file and the Microsoft supplied obj file (eh3valid.obj in the crt\src\intel\xst_lib directory) using DUMPBIN. When I compared them with Beyond Compare, I found the first 217 lines are the same exactly, and the remainder is similar (in fact, they are only different in their register usage). Because of the difference, my code is 2 bytes longer than eh3valid.obj. Although I spent a lot of time on the compiler documents and the debugger, I couldn't address the problem.

The following is the _ValidateEH3RN.c file:

// The macro was get from the makefile in the CRT source direcotry
#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN

#include <windows.h>

#define TRYLEVEL_NONE -1    // For convenient

// The following two structures were get with the help of Visual Studio debugger
typedef struct _SCOPETABLE_ENTRY {
    DWORD EnclosingLevel;
    PVOID FilterFunc;
    PVOID HandlerFunc;
} SCOPETABLE_ENTRY, *PSCOPETABLE_ENTRY;

typedef struct _EH3_EXCEPTION_REGISTRATION {
    struct _EH3_EXCEPTION_REGISTRATION *Next;
    PVOID ExceptionHandler;
    PSCOPETABLE_ENTRY ScopeTable;
    DWORD TryLevel;
} EH3_EXCEPTION_REGISTRATION, *PEH3_EXCEPTION_REGISTRATION;

// Copy from winnt.h (Windows Server 2003 SP1 DDK\inc\wnet directory)
#define PcTeb 0x18
__inline struct _TEB * NtCurrentTeb( void ) { __asm mov eax, fs:[PcTeb] }

// Global variables
INT     nValidPages=0;
PVOID   rgValidPages[0x10]={NULL};
BOOL    lModifying=FALSE;

// The calling convention was get from the disassembly code of __except_handler3
// The parameter was get in the "Call Stack" window of Visual Studio debugger
// The local variables and their order were get in the "Locals" window
int __cdecl _ValidateEH3RN(
                PEH3_EXCEPTION_REGISTRATION pRN)
{
    MEMORY_BASIC_INFORMATION mbi;
    PIMAGE_SECTION_HEADER pSection;
    PVOID pScopePage;
    INT iValid;
    UINT iSection;
    INT iValid2;
    PNT_TIB pTIB;
    PSCOPETABLE_ENTRY pScopeTable;
    INT nFilters;
    PVOID pTmp;
    PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS pNTHeader;
    PIMAGE_DOS_HEADER pDOSHeader;
    PIMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER pOptHeader;
    DWORD level;
    DWORD rvaScopeTable;

    pScopeTable = pRN->ScopeTable;

    // Align at DWORD boundary ?
    if ((DWORD)pScopeTable & 0x3)
    {
        return 0;
    }

    // Get the TIB
    pTIB = (PNT_TIB)NtCurrentTeb();

    // Out of the stack limit ?
    if ((PVOID)pScopeTable >= (PVOID)pTIB->StackLimit 
        && (PVOID)pScopeTable < (PVOID)pTIB->StackBase)
    {
        return 0;
    }

    if (pRN->TryLevel == TRYLEVEL_NONE)
    {
        return 1;
    }

    // Get the count of filters
    for (nFilters=0, level=0; level<=pRN->TryLevel; level++)
    {
        DWORD enclosing = pScopeTable[level].EnclosingLevel;
        if (enclosing != TRYLEVEL_NONE && enclosing >= level)
        {
            return 0;
        }

        if (pScopeTable[level].FilterFunc != NULL)
            nFilters++;
    }
    
    if (nFilters
        && ((PVOID)*(PDWORD)((PBYTE)pRN-8) < pTIB->StackLimit    // (pRN-8) -> saved ESP
            || (PVOID)*(PDWORD)((PBYTE)pRN-8) >= (PVOID)pRN))
    {
        return 0;
    }

    pScopePage = (PVOID)((DWORD)pScopeTable & 0xFFFFF000);    // Align at 4KB page boundary
    
    for (iValid=0; iValid<nValidPages; iValid++)
    {
        if (rgValidPages[iValid] == pScopePage)
        {
            if (iValid>0 && !InterlockedExchange(&lModifying, 1))
            {
                if (rgValidPages[iValid] != pScopePage)
                {
                    for (iValid=nValidPages-1; iValid>=0; iValid--)
                    {
                        if (rgValidPages[iValid] == pScopePage)
                            break;
                    }
                    
                    if (iValid < 0)
                    {
                        if (nValidPages < 0x10)
                            nValidPages++;

                        iValid = nValidPages - 1;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        if (iValid == 0)
                        {
                            InterlockedExchange(&lModifying, 0);
                            return 1;
                        }
                    }
                }
                
                for (iValid2=0; iValid2<=iValid; iValid2++)
                {
                    // swap
                    pTmp = rgValidPages[iValid2];
                    rgValidPages[iValid2] = pScopePage;
                    pScopePage = pTmp;
                }
                
                InterlockedExchange(&lModifying, 0);
            }

            return 1;
        }
    }    /* end of for */
    
    // See the last part of Win32 Q&A, MSJ, May 1996 issue
    if (!VirtualQuery((LPCVOID)pScopeTable, &mbi, sizeof(mbi))
        || mbi.Type != MEM_IMAGE)
    {
        return -1;
    }

    if (!(mbi.Protect & (PAGE_READWRITE | PAGE_WRITECOPY | 
          PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE | PAGE_EXECUTE_WRITECOPY)))
    {
        goto exit_success;
    }

    pDOSHeader = (PIMAGE_DOS_HEADER)mbi.AllocationBase;
    if (pDOSHeader->e_magic != IMAGE_DOS_SIGNATURE)
    {
        return -1;
    }

    pNTHeader = (PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS)((PBYTE)pDOSHeader + pDOSHeader->e_lfanew);
    if (pNTHeader->Signature != IMAGE_NT_SIGNATURE)
    {
        return -1;
    }

    pOptHeader = (PIMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER)&pNTHeader->OptionalHeader;
    if (pOptHeader->Magic != IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR_MAGIC)
    {
        return -1;
    }

    rvaScopeTable = (PBYTE)pScopeTable - (PBYTE)pDOSHeader;
    iSection = 0;

    // The offical method to get the section table in PE-COFF specification
    pSection = IMAGE_FIRST_SECTION(pNTHeader);        // Defined in WINNT.H
    if (iSection < (UINT)pNTHeader->FileHeader.NumberOfSections)
    {
        if (rvaScopeTable >= pSection->VirtualAddress 
            && rvaScopeTable < pSection->VirtualAddress + 
            pSection->Misc.VirtualSize 
            && pSection->Characteristics & IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE)
        {
            return 0;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        return -1;
    }

exit_success:

    if (InterlockedExchange(&lModifying, 1))
    {
        return 1;
    }

    for (iValid=nValidPages; iValid>0; iValid--)
    {
        if (rgValidPages[iValid-1] == pScopePage)
            break;
    }

    if (!iValid)
    {
        for (iValid=(nValidPages>0xF)?0xF:nValidPages, iValid2=0; 
             iValid2<=iValid; iValid2++)
        {
            // swap
            pTmp = rgValidPages[iValid2];
            rgValidPages[iValid2] = pScopePage;
            pScopePage = pTmp;
        }

        if (nValidPages < 0x10)
            nValidPages++;
    }

    InterlockedExchange(&lModifying, 0);
    return 1;
}

The following is the output of DUMPBIN with the _ValidateEH3RN.obj file:

Microsoft (R) COFF/PE Dumper Version 7.10.3077
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.


Dump of file _ValidateEH3RN.obj

File Type: COFF OBJECT

__ValidateEH3RN:
  00000000: 55                 push        ebp
  00000001: 8B EC              mov         ebp,esp
  00000003: 83 EC 5C           sub         esp,5Ch
  00000006: 8B 45 08           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  00000009: 8B 48 08           mov         ecx,dword ptr [eax+8]
  0000000C: 89 4D E0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-20h],ecx
  0000000F: 8B 55 E0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  00000012: 83 E2 03           and         edx,3
  00000015: 74 07              je          0000001E
  00000017: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  00000019: E9 C8 03 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  0000001E: 64 A1 18 00 00 00  mov         eax,dword ptr fs:[00000018h]
  00000024: 89 45 DC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-24h],eax
  00000027: 8B 45 DC           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-24h]
  0000002A: 8B 4D E0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  0000002D: 3B 48 08           cmp         ecx,dword ptr [eax+8]
  00000030: 72 12              jb          00000044
  00000032: 8B 55 DC           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-24h]
  00000035: 8B 45 E0           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  00000038: 3B 42 04           cmp         eax,dword ptr [edx+4]
  0000003B: 73 07              jae         00000044
  0000003D: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  0000003F: E9 A2 03 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  00000044: 8B 4D 08           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  00000047: 83 79 0C FF        cmp         dword ptr [ecx+0Ch],0FFFFFFFFh
  0000004B: 75 0A              jne         00000057
  0000004D: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  00000052: E9 8F 03 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  00000057: C7 45 E4 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-1Ch],0
            00
  0000005E: C7 45 F8 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-8],0
            00
  00000065: EB 09              jmp         00000070
  00000067: 8B 55 F8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  0000006A: 83 C2 01           add         edx,1
  0000006D: 89 55 F8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-8],edx
  00000070: 8B 45 08           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  00000073: 8B 4D F8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  00000076: 3B 48 0C           cmp         ecx,dword ptr [eax+0Ch]
  00000079: 77 3F              ja          000000BA
  0000007B: 8B 55 F8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  0000007E: 6B D2 0C           imul        edx,edx,0Ch
  00000081: 8B 45 E0           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  00000084: 8B 0C 10           mov         ecx,dword ptr [eax+edx]
  00000087: 89 4D A8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-58h],ecx
  0000008A: 83 7D A8 FF        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-58h],0FFFFFFFFh
  0000008E: 74 0F              je          0000009F
  00000090: 8B 55 A8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-58h]
  00000093: 3B 55 F8           cmp         edx,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  00000096: 72 07              jb          0000009F
  00000098: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  0000009A: E9 47 03 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  0000009F: 8B 45 F8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  000000A2: 6B C0 0C           imul        eax,eax,0Ch
  000000A5: 8B 4D E0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  000000A8: 83 7C 01 04 00     cmp         dword ptr [ecx+eax+4],0
  000000AD: 74 09              je          000000B8
  000000AF: 8B 55 E4           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-1Ch]
  000000B2: 83 C2 01           add         edx,1
  000000B5: 89 55 E4           mov         dword ptr [ebp-1Ch],edx
  000000B8: EB AD              jmp         00000067
  000000BA: 83 7D E4 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-1Ch],0
  000000BE: 74 20              je          000000E0
  000000C0: 8B 45 08           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  000000C3: 8B 4D DC           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-24h]
  000000C6: 8B 50 F8           mov         edx,dword ptr [eax-8]
  000000C9: 3B 51 08           cmp         edx,dword ptr [ecx+8]
  000000CC: 72 0B              jb          000000D9
  000000CE: 8B 45 08           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  000000D1: 8B 48 F8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [eax-8]
  000000D4: 3B 4D 08           cmp         ecx,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  000000D7: 72 07              jb          000000E0
  000000D9: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  000000DB: E9 06 03 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  000000E0: 8B 55 E0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  000000E3: 81 E2 00 F0 FF FF  and         edx,0FFFFF000h
  000000E9: 89 55 CC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-34h],edx
  000000EC: C7 45 D0 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
            00
  000000F3: EB 09              jmp         000000FE
  000000F5: 8B 45 D0           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  000000F8: 83 C0 01           add         eax,1
  000000FB: 89 45 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],eax
  000000FE: 8B 4D D0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  00000101: 3B 0D 00 00 00 00  cmp         ecx,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000107: 0F 8D 11 01 00 00  jge         0000021E
  0000010D: 8B 55 D0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  00000110: 8B 04 95 00 00 00  mov         eax,dword ptr [edx*4]
            00
  00000117: 3B 45 CC           cmp         eax,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  0000011A: 0F 85 F9 00 00 00  jne         00000219
  00000120: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  00000124: 0F 8E E5 00 00 00  jle         0000020F
  0000012A: 6A 01              push        1
  0000012C: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  00000131: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  00000137: 85 C0              test        eax,eax
  00000139: 0F 85 D0 00 00 00  jne         0000020F
  0000013F: 8B 4D D0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  00000142: 8B 14 8D 00 00 00  mov         edx,dword ptr [ecx*4]
            00
  00000149: 3B 55 CC           cmp         edx,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  0000014C: 74 78              je          000001C6
  0000014E: A1 00 00 00 00     mov         eax,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000153: 83 E8 01           sub         eax,1
  00000156: 89 45 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],eax
  00000159: EB 09              jmp         00000164
  0000015B: 8B 4D D0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  0000015E: 83 E9 01           sub         ecx,1
  00000161: 89 4D D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],ecx
  00000164: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  00000168: 7C 13              jl          0000017D
  0000016A: 8B 55 D0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  0000016D: 8B 04 95 00 00 00  mov         eax,dword ptr [edx*4]
            00
  00000174: 3B 45 CC           cmp         eax,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  00000177: 75 02              jne         0000017B
  00000179: EB 02              jmp         0000017D
  0000017B: EB DE              jmp         0000015B
  0000017D: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  00000181: 7D 26              jge         000001A9
  00000183: 83 3D 00 00 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [_nValidPages],10h
            10
  0000018A: 7D 0F              jge         0000019B
  0000018C: 8B 0D 00 00 00 00  mov         ecx,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000192: 83 C1 01           add         ecx,1
  00000195: 89 0D 00 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [_nValidPages],ecx
  0000019B: 8B 15 00 00 00 00  mov         edx,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  000001A1: 83 EA 01           sub         edx,1
  000001A4: 89 55 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],edx
  000001A7: EB 1D              jmp         000001C6
  000001A9: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  000001AD: 75 17              jne         000001C6
  000001AF: 6A 00              push        0
  000001B1: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  000001B6: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  000001BC: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  000001C1: E9 20 02 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  000001C6: C7 45 D8 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-28h],0
            00
  000001CD: EB 09              jmp         000001D8
  000001CF: 8B 45 D8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000001D2: 83 C0 01           add         eax,1
  000001D5: 89 45 D8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-28h],eax
  000001D8: 8B 4D D8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000001DB: 3B 4D D0           cmp         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  000001DE: 7F 22              jg          00000202
  000001E0: 8B 55 D8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000001E3: 8B 04 95 00 00 00  mov         eax,dword ptr [edx*4]
            00
  000001EA: 89 45 E8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-18h],eax
  000001ED: 8B 4D D8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000001F0: 8B 55 CC           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  000001F3: 89 14 8D 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ecx*4],edx
            00
  000001FA: 8B 45 E8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-18h]
  000001FD: 89 45 CC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-34h],eax
  00000200: EB CD              jmp         000001CF
  00000202: 6A 00              push        0
  00000204: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  00000209: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  0000020F: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  00000214: E9 CD 01 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  00000219: E9 D7 FE FF FF     jmp         000000F5
  0000021E: 6A 1C              push        1Ch
  00000220: 8D 4D AC           lea         ecx,[ebp-54h]
  00000223: 51                 push        ecx
  00000224: 8B 55 E0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  00000227: 52                 push        edx
  00000228: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__VirtualQuery@12]
  0000022E: 85 C0              test        eax,eax
  00000230: 74 09              je          0000023B
  00000232: 81 7D C4 00 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [ebp-3Ch],1000000h
            01
  00000239: 74 08              je          00000243
  0000023B: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  0000023E: E9 A3 01 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  00000243: 8B 45 C0           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-40h]
  00000246: 25 CC 00 00 00     and         eax,0CCh
  0000024B: 75 05              jne         00000252
  0000024D: E9 C0 00 00 00     jmp         $exit_success$19845
  00000252: 8B 4D B0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-50h]
  00000255: 89 4D F0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-10h],ecx
  00000258: 8B 55 F0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-10h]
  0000025B: 0F B7 02           movzx       eax,word ptr [edx]
  0000025E: 3D 4D 5A 00 00     cmp         eax,5A4Dh
  00000263: 74 08              je          0000026D
  00000265: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  00000268: E9 79 01 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  0000026D: 8B 4D F0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-10h]
  00000270: 8B 55 F0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-10h]
  00000273: 03 51 3C           add         edx,dword ptr [ecx+3Ch]
  00000276: 89 55 EC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-14h],edx
  00000279: 8B 45 EC           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  0000027C: 81 38 50 45 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [eax],4550h
  00000282: 74 08              je          0000028C
  00000284: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  00000287: E9 5A 01 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  0000028C: 8B 4D EC           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  0000028F: 83 C1 18           add         ecx,18h
  00000292: 89 4D F4           mov         dword ptr [ebp-0Ch],ecx
  00000295: 8B 55 F4           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-0Ch]
  00000298: 0F B7 02           movzx       eax,word ptr [edx]
  0000029B: 3D 0B 01 00 00     cmp         eax,10Bh
  000002A0: 74 08              je          000002AA
  000002A2: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  000002A5: E9 3C 01 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  000002AA: 8B 4D E0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  000002AD: 2B 4D F0           sub         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-10h]
  000002B0: 89 4D FC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-4],ecx
  000002B3: C7 45 D4 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-2Ch],0
            00
  000002BA: 8B 55 EC           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  000002BD: 0F B7 42 14        movzx       eax,word ptr [edx+14h]
  000002C1: 8B 4D EC           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  000002C4: 8D 54 01 18        lea         edx,[ecx+eax+18h]
  000002C8: 89 55 C8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-38h],edx
  000002CB: 8B 45 EC           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  000002CE: 0F B7 48 06        movzx       ecx,word ptr [eax+6]
  000002D2: 39 4D D4           cmp         dword ptr [ebp-2Ch],ecx
  000002D5: 73 33              jae         0000030A
  000002D7: 8B 55 C8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-38h]
  000002DA: 8B 45 FC           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-4]
  000002DD: 3B 42 0C           cmp         eax,dword ptr [edx+0Ch]
  000002E0: 72 26              jb          00000308
  000002E2: 8B 4D C8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-38h]
  000002E5: 8B 51 0C           mov         edx,dword ptr [ecx+0Ch]
  000002E8: 8B 45 C8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-38h]
  000002EB: 03 50 08           add         edx,dword ptr [eax+8]
  000002EE: 39 55 FC           cmp         dword ptr [ebp-4],edx
  000002F1: 73 15              jae         00000308
  000002F3: 8B 4D C8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-38h]
  000002F6: 8B 51 24           mov         edx,dword ptr [ecx+24h]
  000002F9: 81 E2 00 00 00 80  and         edx,80000000h
  000002FF: 74 07              je          00000308
  00000301: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  00000303: E9 DE 00 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  00000308: EB 08              jmp         $exit_success$19845
  0000030A: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  0000030D: E9 D4 00 00 00     jmp         000003E6
$exit_success$19845:
  00000312: 6A 01              push        1
  00000314: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  00000319: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  0000031F: 85 C0              test        eax,eax
  00000321: 74 0A              je          0000032D
  00000323: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  00000328: E9 B9 00 00 00     jmp         000003E6
  0000032D: A1 00 00 00 00     mov         eax,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000332: 89 45 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],eax
  00000335: EB 09              jmp         00000340
  00000337: 8B 4D D0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  0000033A: 83 E9 01           sub         ecx,1
  0000033D: 89 4D D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],ecx
  00000340: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  00000344: 7E 13              jle         00000359
  00000346: 8B 55 D0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  00000349: 8B 04 95 FC FF FF  mov         eax,dword ptr [edx*4-4]
            FF
  00000350: 3B 45 CC           cmp         eax,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  00000353: 75 02              jne         00000357
  00000355: EB 02              jmp         00000359
  00000357: EB DE              jmp         00000337
  00000359: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  0000035D: 75 75              jne         000003D4
  0000035F: 83 3D 00 00 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [_nValidPages],0Fh
            0F
  00000366: 7E 09              jle         00000371
  00000368: C7 45 A4 0F 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-5Ch],0Fh
            00
  0000036F: EB 09              jmp         0000037A
  00000371: 8B 0D 00 00 00 00  mov         ecx,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000377: 89 4D A4           mov         dword ptr [ebp-5Ch],ecx
  0000037A: 8B 55 A4           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-5Ch]
  0000037D: 89 55 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],edx
  00000380: C7 45 D8 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-28h],0
            00
  00000387: EB 09              jmp         00000392
  00000389: 8B 45 D8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  0000038C: 83 C0 01           add         eax,1
  0000038F: 89 45 D8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-28h],eax
  00000392: 8B 4D D8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  00000395: 3B 4D D0           cmp         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  00000398: 7F 22              jg          000003BC
  0000039A: 8B 55 D8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  0000039D: 8B 04 95 00 00 00  mov         eax,dword ptr [edx*4]
            00
  000003A4: 89 45 E8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-18h],eax
  000003A7: 8B 4D D8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000003AA: 8B 55 CC           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  000003AD: 89 14 8D 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ecx*4],edx
            00
  000003B4: 8B 45 E8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-18h]
  000003B7: 89 45 CC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-34h],eax
  000003BA: EB CD              jmp         00000389
  000003BC: 83 3D 00 00 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [_nValidPages],10h
            10
  000003C3: 7D 0F              jge         000003D4
  000003C5: 8B 0D 00 00 00 00  mov         ecx,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  000003CB: 83 C1 01           add         ecx,1
  000003CE: 89 0D 00 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [_nValidPages],ecx
  000003D4: 6A 00              push        0
  000003D6: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  000003DB: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  000003E1: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  000003E6: 8B E5              mov         esp,ebp
  000003E8: 5D                 pop         ebp
  000003E9: C3                 ret

  Summary

          4C .bss
         6B5 .debug$S
        11A4 .debug$T
         3EA .text

The following is the output of DUMPBIN with the eh3valid.obj file:

Microsoft (R) COFF/PE Dumper Version 7.10.3077
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Dump of file eh3valid.obj

File Type: COFF OBJECT

__ValidateEH3RN:
  00000000: 55                 push        ebp
  00000001: 8B EC              mov         ebp,esp
  00000003: 83 EC 5C           sub         esp,5Ch
  00000006: 8B 45 08           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  00000009: 8B 48 08           mov         ecx,dword ptr [eax+8]
  0000000C: 89 4D E0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-20h],ecx
  0000000F: 8B 55 E0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  00000012: 83 E2 03           and         edx,3
  00000015: 74 07              je          0000001E
  00000017: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  00000019: E9 C6 03 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  0000001E: 64 A1 18 00 00 00  mov         eax,dword ptr fs:[00000018h]
  00000024: 89 45 DC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-24h],eax
  00000027: 8B 45 DC           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-24h]
  0000002A: 8B 4D E0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  0000002D: 3B 48 08           cmp         ecx,dword ptr [eax+8]
  00000030: 72 12              jb          00000044
  00000032: 8B 55 DC           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-24h]
  00000035: 8B 45 E0           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  00000038: 3B 42 04           cmp         eax,dword ptr [edx+4]
  0000003B: 73 07              jae         00000044
  0000003D: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  0000003F: E9 A0 03 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  00000044: 8B 4D 08           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  00000047: 83 79 0C FF        cmp         dword ptr [ecx+0Ch],0FFFFFFFFh
  0000004B: 75 0A              jne         00000057
  0000004D: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  00000052: E9 8D 03 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  00000057: C7 45 E4 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-1Ch],0
            00
  0000005E: C7 45 F8 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-8],0
            00
  00000065: EB 09              jmp         00000070
  00000067: 8B 55 F8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  0000006A: 83 C2 01           add         edx,1
  0000006D: 89 55 F8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-8],edx
  00000070: 8B 45 08           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  00000073: 8B 4D F8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  00000076: 3B 48 0C           cmp         ecx,dword ptr [eax+0Ch]
  00000079: 77 3F              ja          000000BA
  0000007B: 8B 55 F8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  0000007E: 6B D2 0C           imul        edx,edx,0Ch
  00000081: 8B 45 E0           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  00000084: 8B 0C 10           mov         ecx,dword ptr [eax+edx]
  00000087: 89 4D A8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-58h],ecx
  0000008A: 83 7D A8 FF        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-58h],0FFFFFFFFh
  0000008E: 74 0F              je          0000009F
  00000090: 8B 55 A8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-58h]
  00000093: 3B 55 F8           cmp         edx,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  00000096: 72 07              jb          0000009F
  00000098: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  0000009A: E9 45 03 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  0000009F: 8B 45 F8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-8]
  000000A2: 6B C0 0C           imul        eax,eax,0Ch
  000000A5: 8B 4D E0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  000000A8: 83 7C 01 04 00     cmp         dword ptr [ecx+eax+4],0
  000000AD: 74 09              je          000000B8
  000000AF: 8B 55 E4           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-1Ch]
  000000B2: 83 C2 01           add         edx,1
  000000B5: 89 55 E4           mov         dword ptr [ebp-1Ch],edx
  000000B8: EB AD              jmp         00000067
  000000BA: 83 7D E4 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-1Ch],0
  000000BE: 74 20              je          000000E0
  000000C0: 8B 45 08           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  000000C3: 8B 4D DC           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-24h]
  000000C6: 8B 50 F8           mov         edx,dword ptr [eax-8]
  000000C9: 3B 51 08           cmp         edx,dword ptr [ecx+8]
  000000CC: 72 0B              jb          000000D9
  000000CE: 8B 45 08           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  000000D1: 8B 48 F8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [eax-8]
  000000D4: 3B 4D 08           cmp         ecx,dword ptr [ebp+8]
  000000D7: 72 07              jb          000000E0
  000000D9: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  000000DB: E9 04 03 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  000000E0: 8B 55 E0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  000000E3: 81 E2 00 F0 FF FF  and         edx,0FFFFF000h
  000000E9: 89 55 CC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-34h],edx
  000000EC: C7 45 D0 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
            00
  000000F3: EB 09              jmp         000000FE
  000000F5: 8B 45 D0           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  000000F8: 83 C0 01           add         eax,1
  000000FB: 89 45 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],eax
  000000FE: 8B 4D D0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  00000101: 3B 0D 00 00 00 00  cmp         ecx,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000107: 0F 8D 11 01 00 00  jge         0000021E
  0000010D: 8B 55 D0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  00000110: 8B 04 95 00 00 00  mov         eax,dword ptr [edx*4]
            00
  00000117: 3B 45 CC           cmp         eax,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  0000011A: 0F 85 F9 00 00 00  jne         00000219
  00000120: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  00000124: 0F 8E E5 00 00 00  jle         0000020F
  0000012A: 6A 01              push        1
  0000012C: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  00000131: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  00000137: 85 C0              test        eax,eax
  00000139: 0F 85 D0 00 00 00  jne         0000020F
  0000013F: 8B 4D D0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  00000142: 8B 14 8D 00 00 00  mov         edx,dword ptr [ecx*4]
            00
  00000149: 3B 55 CC           cmp         edx,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  0000014C: 74 78              je          000001C6
  0000014E: A1 00 00 00 00     mov         eax,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000153: 83 E8 01           sub         eax,1
  00000156: 89 45 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],eax
  00000159: EB 09              jmp         00000164
  0000015B: 8B 4D D0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  0000015E: 83 E9 01           sub         ecx,1
  00000161: 89 4D D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],ecx
  00000164: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  00000168: 7C 13              jl          0000017D
  0000016A: 8B 55 D0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  0000016D: 8B 04 95 00 00 00  mov         eax,dword ptr [edx*4]
            00
  00000174: 3B 45 CC           cmp         eax,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  00000177: 75 02              jne         0000017B
  00000179: EB 02              jmp         0000017D
  0000017B: EB DE              jmp         0000015B
  0000017D: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  00000181: 7D 26              jge         000001A9
  00000183: 83 3D 00 00 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [_nValidPages],10h
            10
  0000018A: 7D 0F              jge         0000019B
  0000018C: 8B 0D 00 00 00 00  mov         ecx,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000192: 83 C1 01           add         ecx,1
  00000195: 89 0D 00 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [_nValidPages],ecx
  0000019B: 8B 15 00 00 00 00  mov         edx,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  000001A1: 83 EA 01           sub         edx,1
  000001A4: 89 55 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],edx
  000001A7: EB 1D              jmp         000001C6
  000001A9: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  000001AD: 75 17              jne         000001C6
  000001AF: 6A 00              push        0
  000001B1: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  000001B6: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  000001BC: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  000001C1: E9 1E 02 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  000001C6: C7 45 D8 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-28h],0
            00
  000001CD: EB 09              jmp         000001D8
  000001CF: 8B 45 D8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000001D2: 83 C0 01           add         eax,1
  000001D5: 89 45 D8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-28h],eax
  000001D8: 8B 4D D8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000001DB: 3B 4D D0           cmp         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  000001DE: 7F 22              jg          00000202
  000001E0: 8B 55 D8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000001E3: 8B 04 95 00 00 00  mov         eax,dword ptr [edx*4]
            00
  000001EA: 89 45 E8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-18h],eax
  000001ED: 8B 4D D8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000001F0: 8B 55 CC           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  000001F3: 89 14 8D 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ecx*4],edx
            00
  000001FA: 8B 45 E8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-18h]
  000001FD: 89 45 CC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-34h],eax
  00000200: EB CD              jmp         000001CF
  00000202: 6A 00              push        0
  00000204: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  00000209: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  0000020F: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  00000214: E9 CB 01 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  00000219: E9 D7 FE FF FF     jmp         000000F5
  0000021E: 6A 1C              push        1Ch
  00000220: 8D 4D AC           lea         ecx,[ebp-54h]
  00000223: 51                 push        ecx
  00000224: 8B 55 E0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  00000227: 52                 push        edx
  00000228: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__VirtualQuery@12]
  0000022E: 85 C0              test        eax,eax
  00000230: 74 09              je          0000023B
  00000232: 81 7D C4 00 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [ebp-3Ch],1000000h
            01
  00000239: 74 08              je          00000243
  0000023B: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  0000023E: E9 A1 01 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  00000243: 8B 45 C0           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-40h]
  00000246: 25 CC 00 00 00     and         eax,0CCh
  0000024B: 75 05              jne         00000252
  0000024D: E9 C0 00 00 00     jmp         $exit_success$19252
  00000252: 8B 4D B0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-50h]
  00000255: 89 4D F0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-10h],ecx
  00000258: 8B 55 F0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-10h]
  0000025B: 0F B7 02           movzx       eax,word ptr [edx]
  0000025E: 3D 4D 5A 00 00     cmp         eax,5A4Dh
  00000263: 74 08              je          0000026D
  00000265: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  00000268: E9 77 01 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  0000026D: 8B 4D F0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-10h]
  00000270: 8B 55 F0           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-10h]
  00000273: 03 51 3C           add         edx,dword ptr [ecx+3Ch]
  00000276: 89 55 EC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-14h],edx
  00000279: 8B 45 EC           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  0000027C: 81 38 50 45 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [eax],4550h
  00000282: 74 08              je          0000028C
  00000284: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  00000287: E9 58 01 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  0000028C: 8B 4D EC           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  0000028F: 83 C1 18           add         ecx,18h
  00000292: 89 4D F4           mov         dword ptr [ebp-0Ch],ecx
  00000295: 8B 55 F4           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-0Ch]
  00000298: 0F B7 02           movzx       eax,word ptr [edx]
  0000029B: 3D 0B 01 00 00     cmp         eax,10Bh
  000002A0: 74 08              je          000002AA
  000002A2: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  000002A5: E9 3A 01 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  000002AA: 8B 4D E0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-20h]
  000002AD: 2B 4D F0           sub         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-10h]
  000002B0: 89 4D FC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-4],ecx
  000002B3: C7 45 D4 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-2Ch],0
            00
  000002BA: 8B 55 EC           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  000002BD: 0F B7 42 14        movzx       eax,word ptr [edx+14h]
  000002C1: 8B 4D EC           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  000002C4: 8D 54 01 18        lea         edx,[ecx+eax+18h]
  000002C8: 89 55 C8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-38h],edx
  000002CB: 8B 55 EC           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-14h]
  000002CE: 0F B7 42 06        movzx       eax,word ptr [edx+6]
  000002D2: 39 45 D4           cmp         dword ptr [ebp-2Ch],eax
  000002D5: 73 33              jae         0000030A
  000002D7: 8B 4D C8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-38h]
  000002DA: 8B 55 FC           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-4]
  000002DD: 3B 51 0C           cmp         edx,dword ptr [ecx+0Ch]
  000002E0: 72 26              jb          00000308
  000002E2: 8B 45 C8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-38h]
  000002E5: 8B 48 0C           mov         ecx,dword ptr [eax+0Ch]
  000002E8: 8B 55 C8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-38h]
  000002EB: 03 4A 08           add         ecx,dword ptr [edx+8]
  000002EE: 39 4D FC           cmp         dword ptr [ebp-4],ecx
  000002F1: 73 15              jae         00000308
  000002F3: 8B 45 C8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-38h]
  000002F6: 8B 48 24           mov         ecx,dword ptr [eax+24h]
  000002F9: 81 E1 00 00 00 80  and         ecx,80000000h
  000002FF: 74 07              je          00000308
  00000301: 33 C0              xor         eax,eax
  00000303: E9 DC 00 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  00000308: EB 08              jmp         $exit_success$19252
  0000030A: 83 C8 FF           or          eax,0FFFFFFFFh
  0000030D: E9 D2 00 00 00     jmp         000003E4
$exit_success$19252:
  00000312: 6A 01              push        1
  00000314: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  00000319: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  0000031F: 85 C0              test        eax,eax
  00000321: 74 0A              je          0000032D
  00000323: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  00000328: E9 B7 00 00 00     jmp         000003E4
  0000032D: 8B 15 00 00 00 00  mov         edx,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000333: 89 55 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],edx
  00000336: EB 09              jmp         00000341
  00000338: 8B 45 D0           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  0000033B: 83 E8 01           sub         eax,1
  0000033E: 89 45 D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],eax
  00000341: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  00000345: 7E 13              jle         0000035A
  00000347: 8B 4D D0           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  0000034A: 8B 14 8D FC FF FF  mov         edx,dword ptr [ecx*4-4]
            FF
  00000351: 3B 55 CC           cmp         edx,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  00000354: 75 02              jne         00000358
  00000356: EB 02              jmp         0000035A
  00000358: EB DE              jmp         00000338
  0000035A: 83 7D D0 00        cmp         dword ptr [ebp-30h],0
  0000035E: 75 72              jne         000003D2
  00000360: 83 3D 00 00 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [_nValidPages],0Fh
            0F
  00000367: 7E 09              jle         00000372
  00000369: C7 45 A4 0F 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-5Ch],0Fh
            00
  00000370: EB 08              jmp         0000037A
  00000372: A1 00 00 00 00     mov         eax,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  00000377: 89 45 A4           mov         dword ptr [ebp-5Ch],eax
  0000037A: 8B 4D A4           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-5Ch]
  0000037D: 89 4D D0           mov         dword ptr [ebp-30h],ecx
  00000380: C7 45 D8 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [ebp-28h],0
            00
  00000387: EB 09              jmp         00000392
  00000389: 8B 55 D8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  0000038C: 83 C2 01           add         edx,1
  0000038F: 89 55 D8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-28h],edx
  00000392: 8B 45 D8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  00000395: 3B 45 D0           cmp         eax,dword ptr [ebp-30h]
  00000398: 7F 22              jg          000003BC
  0000039A: 8B 4D D8           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  0000039D: 8B 14 8D 00 00 00  mov         edx,dword ptr [ecx*4]
            00
  000003A4: 89 55 E8           mov         dword ptr [ebp-18h],edx
  000003A7: 8B 45 D8           mov         eax,dword ptr [ebp-28h]
  000003AA: 8B 4D CC           mov         ecx,dword ptr [ebp-34h]
  000003AD: 89 0C 85 00 00 00  mov         dword ptr [eax*4],ecx
            00
  000003B4: 8B 55 E8           mov         edx,dword ptr [ebp-18h]
  000003B7: 89 55 CC           mov         dword ptr [ebp-34h],edx
  000003BA: EB CD              jmp         00000389
  000003BC: 83 3D 00 00 00 00  cmp         dword ptr [_nValidPages],10h
            10
  000003C3: 7D 0D              jge         000003D2
  000003C5: A1 00 00 00 00     mov         eax,dword ptr [_nValidPages]
  000003CA: 83 C0 01           add         eax,1
  000003CD: A3 00 00 00 00     mov         dword ptr [_nValidPages],eax
  000003D2: 6A 00              push        0
  000003D4: 68 00 00 00 00     push        offset _lModifying
  000003D9: FF 15 00 00 00 00  call        dword ptr [__imp__InterlockedExchange@8]
  000003DF: B8 01 00 00 00     mov         eax,1
  000003E4: 8B E5              mov         esp,ebp
  000003E6: 5D                 pop         ebp
  000003E7: C3                 ret

  Summary

          4C .bss
         6BE .debug$S
        1164 .debug$T
         3E8 .text

When I posted this question to OpenRCE, RolfRolles gave me the following answer:

Nice job on the decompilation.

My experience diff-ing patches (noticing that sometimes the only difference between two functions seem to be register/stack allocation) makes me suspect that MSVC uses a non-deterministic register allocator. I may be wrong, and would be interested to hear the correct answer if so. Register allocation is often formulated as a graph-coloring problem, which is in NP, and therefore there can exist no algorithm to solve it optimally in polynomial time (assuming P != NP). Consequently, approximation algorithms are often used to "solve" problems such as this, and these algorithms often employ the use of random variables.

Therefore, in general, there is no guarantee that two successive compilations of the same source code (or a conforming decompilation/recompilation) will see the same variables assigned to the same registers at the same program points. If the only differences between your recompilation and the original binary are register assignments / stack spills, you should consider it a job well-done; I would, anyway.

I have compiled _ValidateEH3RN.c several times, but they seemed to be always the same. Can't we really solve this problem?

I ardently anticipate the answer.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

zhzhtst

China China
zhzhtst is a college student in China. He is interested in reverse engineering and virus analysis.

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralIt's definitely the register allocator PinmemberRolfRolles1-Sep-07 17:35 
GeneralRe: It's definitely the register allocator Pinmemberzhzhtst3-Sep-07 20:14 

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