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Communication between GUI Application and Device Driver

, 26 Mar 2002
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An article on Communication between GUI Application and Device Driver
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Background

Recently I read a good article in which the author wrote a device driver and a GUI program, and he wanted to notify the GUI App when some event happened in the device driver. In his article, when a new process was created, a callback function in his driver would be called and it would notify the GUI App and display some information about the new process immediately. In the device driver, the author create a named event and opened it in GUI App. Then when an event happened, he handled it like this:

KeSetEvent(Event, 0, FALSE);
KeClearEvent(Event);

At this time, the GUI App was waiting for the event. Between the interval of the two functions, the App must got information of the new process. It works, but I don't think it's a good solution.

Why does the author code like this? Because, if we create an event in kernel mode, we can't modify its state in user mode, we only can check its state. But normally, we want the GUI App to modify the event to to non signaled, and it can wait the event again. I think this is the eligible IPC model to deal with this question.

About my solution

Kernel mode has higher priority than user mode. In kernel mode we can modify data in user mode conveniently. So I create an event object in user mode, and refer it in kernel mode. Now both device driver and GUI App can check and modify the state of the event object.

How to integrate it into your application

In your App, you must open the device object firstly, then code like this:

  1. Create an event object and down it into driver.
    HANDLE m_hCommEvent = CreateEvent(NULL, false, false, NULL);
    //download event object to device driver, m_hCommDevice is the device object
    DeviceIoControl(m_hCommDevice,
                    IO_REFERENCE_EVENT,
                    (LPVOID) m_hCommEvent, 
                     0,
                     NULL,
                     0,
                     &dwReturn,
                     NULL);
  2. Wait the event object to be signaled.
    while(true)
    {
    	WaitForSingleObject(m_hCommEvent, INFINITE);
    	//After this function, the event is set to non signaled. 
    	//Get information and deal with it.
    }     

In the device driver the code like this:

  1. In the IRP_MJ_DEVICE_CONTROL major routine:
    case IO_REFERENCE_EVENT:
    hEvent = (HANDLE) irpStack->Parameters.DeviceIoControl.Type3InputBuffer;
    status = ObReferenceObjectByHandle(
                  hEvent,
                  GENERIC_ALL,
                  NULL,
                  KernelMode,
                  &gpEventObject,
                  &objHandleInfo);

    the gpEventObject is a PRKEVENT object, so we can use KeEventXXX and KeWaitForXXX to operate it.

  2. When the object event happened
    KeSetEvent(gpEventObject, 0, FALSE);
  3. When we don't need it, we should dereference it:
    case IO_DEREFERENCE_EVENT:
    	if(gpEventObject)
                  ObDereferenceObject(gpEventObject); 

I have tested my solution in a personal firewall product. It works well. When my IP Filter Driver got an IP packet, it checks the IP header as my security rules. If the packet will be intercepted, it reports to my GUI App.

The sample download include two projects: a GUI app and a device driver. The GUI App is a dialog based MFC application. It has a log window which can register the operations on event object. The device driver is only a very simple kernel mode device driver. It can operate the event object as the GUI App requries. I you want to run this demo, you must install and start the driver firstly.

Because there are so many tools can install and start device deriver, so I don't include the code to do this work.

If you have any problems and advices, Please notify me.

License

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About the Author

lizhiwei

United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralRe: Driver installation PinmemberBoostedR36MK36-Sep-12 8:03 
QuestionHow about using WMI? Pinmembersohailkadiwala19-Oct-04 19:30 
Generaluser mode to control device driver PinmemberHorsy20-Sep-04 11:19 
I am trying to create a user mode application to talk to the devices from other vender.

What is the easiest way to find out the GUID interface for a PnP device? I tried the regedt32 but couldn't find it.

Also, I connect several of this outside vender's devices to several virtual COM port (COM3, COM5, COM7, etc). How do I talk to those devices separately (mainly stop the device so I can safely unplug it)?

Thank you for your advice.

QuestionIs there .inf for the driver? PinmemberGordon Smith27-Aug-04 0:43 
GeneralHelp Required PinsussKamran Shakir23-Aug-04 20:41 
GeneralIf u don't answers question don't start articles Chris must be aware to on this Pinmemberalexwinx14-Jun-04 0:51 
GeneralRe: If u don't answers question don't start articles Chris must be aware to on this Pinmembertomithecat13-Dec-04 22:00 
QuestionCan anybody help me Pinmemberfirstxx30-Apr-04 1:11 
General Comm. between usermode Application and Device Driver PinmemberSETI5127-Mar-04 7:36 
Generaldynamic loading of dlls in kernel mode PinsussAnonymous1-Dec-03 22:19 
GeneralRe: dynamic loading of dlls in kernel mode PinsussKetil Jensen23-May-05 21:28 
GeneralI create Event in driver Pinmemberxenic9-Nov-03 20:44 
QuestionIsn't it really slow? Pinmembertomithecat19-Aug-03 3:30 
AnswerRe: Isn't it really slow? PinmemberDavidR_r7-Jul-04 9:04 
GeneralRe: Isn't it really slow? Pinmembertomithecat7-Jul-04 9:33 
GeneralRe: Isn't it really slow? PinsussAnonymous5-Nov-04 11:37 
Generalabout Miniport Driver! Pinmemberdewen18-Aug-03 10:13 
Questionhow to control the power of the display monitor Pinmembersteven cao17-Aug-03 23:15 
AnswerRe: how to control the power of the display monitor PinsussDeenaA22-Mar-04 18:09 
GeneralHelp required for Communication b/w an application and kernel mode driver PinmemberMuhammad Asif Khan25-Jun-03 22:47 
QuestionHow can I receive data from Gui Application PinmemberBeyond11-Jun-03 17:59 
Questionhow to start Pinsussrakeshniranjan15-May-03 22:10 
AnswerRe: how to start PinsussAnonymous12-Jun-03 4:08 
GeneralMore information on NDIS drivers Pinmembermachiav28-Apr-03 7:51 
QuestionHow to use acmFormatChoose PinmemberBlkGoat1-Apr-03 1:03 

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