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Sample ASP.Net Application for Generics

, 12 Oct 2007 CPOL
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A simple Application in ASP.Net to demonstrates the use of Generics

Introduction

Generics are a new feature in version 2.0 of the C# language and the common language runtime (CLR)

When you use generics, you are creating classes or methods that use a generic type, rather than a specific type. For example, rather than creating a type-specific, you could create a reusable List class using generics.

How is that different from the ArrayList class?

The System.Collection.ArrayList can be used with any objectn, but no type checking is done when objects are passed to methods. You have to manually cast objects back to our type when retrieving; which makes the code harder.

Using the code

I have a Strongly Typed Class named "StudentList" and Generics Class named "MyCustomList<T>" and a sample class named "Student".

"StudentList" class can accepts only Type of Student Objects for its Methods.

But "MyCustomList<T>" Class can Accept any Type u specifying in "T"

Consider the class Student

/// <span class="code-SummaryComment"><summary>
</span>/// Student Class
/// <span class="code-SummaryComment"></summary>
</span>public class Student
{
    private string fname;
    private string lname;
    private int age;

    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"><summary>
</span>    /// First Name Of The Student
    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"></summary>
</span>    public string FirstName
    {
        get { return fname; }
        set { fname = value; }
    }
    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"><summary>
</span>    /// Last Name Of The Student
    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"></summary>
</span>    public string LastName
    {
        get { return lname; }
        set { lname = value; }
    }
    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"><summary>
</span>    /// Age of The Student
    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"></summary>
</span>    public int Age
    {
        get { return age; }
        set { age = value; }
    }

    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"><summary>
</span>    /// Creates new Instance Of Student
    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"></summary>
</span>    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"><param name="fname">FirstName</param>
</span>    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"><param name="lname">LastName</param>
</span>    /// <span class="code-SummaryComment"><param name="age">Age</param>
</span>    public Student(string fname, string lname, int age)
    {
        FirstName = fname;
        LastName = lname;
        Age = age;
    }

}

For "StudentList" and "MyCustomList<T>" classes see the code attached.

We can use StudentList like..

        Student dhas = new Student("Manick", "Dhas", 22);
        Student raj = new Student("Sundar", "Raj", 32);

        ///Using a custom strongly typed StudentList
        StudentList mc = new StudentList();
        mc.Add(dhas);
        mc.Add(raj);

        Response.Write("<B><U>Using a custom strongly typed StudentList</B></U><BR>");
        foreach (Student s in mc)
        {
            Response.Write("First Name : " + s.FirstName + "<BR>");
            Response.Write("Last Name : " + s.LastName + "<BR>");
            Response.Write("Age : " + s.Age + "<BR><BR>");
        } 

We can use MyCustomList<T> like..

        ///Creating a list of Student objects using my custom generics
        MyCustomList<Student> student = new MyCustomList<Student>();
        student.Add(dhas);
        student.Add(raj);

        Response.Write("<BR><B><U>Using a list of Student objects using my custom generics</B></U><BR>");
        foreach (Student s in student)
        {
            Response.Write("First Name : " + s.FirstName + "<BR>");
            Response.Write("Last Name : " + s.LastName + "<BR>");
            Response.Write("Age : " + s.Age + "<BR><BR>");
        }
        
        ///Creating a list of Student objects using my custom generics
        MyCustomList<int> intlist = new MyCustomList<int>();
        intlist.Add(1);
        intlist.Add(2);

        Response.Write("<BR><B><U>Using a list of String values using my custom generics</B></U><BR>");
        foreach (int i in intlist)
        {
            Response.Write("Index : " + i.ToString() + "<BR>");
        }

        ///Creating a list of Student objects using my custom generics
        MyCustomList<string> strlist = new MyCustomList<string>();
        strlist.Add("One");
        strlist.Add("Two");

        Response.Write("<BR><B><U>Using a list of int values using my custom generics</B></U><BR>");
        foreach (string str in strlist)
        {
            Response.Write("Index : " + str + "<BR>");
        } 

Output:

Using a custom strongly typed StudentList
First Name : Manick
Last Name : Dhas
Age : 22

First Name : Sundar
Last Name : Raj
Age : 32


Using a list of Student objects using my custom generics
First Name : Manick
Last Name : Dhas
Age : 22

First Name : Sundar
Last Name : Raj
Age : 32


Using a list of String values using my custom generics
Index : 1
Index : 2

Using a list of int values using my custom generics
Index : One
Index : Two

Generics aim to promote:

Binary code reuse,

Performance,

Ease of reading,

Type safety.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Ra...aj
Web Developer
India India
Chennai

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberPrasanta_Prince25-Apr-12 21:25 
GeneralMy vote of 3 Pinmemberrahul_dadge5-Jul-10 21:44 
GeneralGreat Pinmemberwhite16528-Jun-09 21:09 
GeneralEasy 2 Learn PinmemberMilton_win20-May-09 18:40 
GeneralGreat Article PinmembervbUser200614-Oct-07 1:10 
GeneralBrilliant! PinmemberDimitrios Kalemis11-Oct-07 7:42 
GeneralRe: Brilliant! PinmemberRa...aj11-Oct-07 17:28 
GeneralI have a dream... PinmemberMitri9-Oct-07 8:32 
AnswerRe: I have a dream... Pinmemberrastadiva9-Oct-07 20:54 
GeneralRe: I have a dream... PinmemberMagnus Salgo14-Oct-07 22:15 

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