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C# Use Zip Archives without External Libraries

By , 12 Jun 2011
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Introduction

I found a lot of articles on how to access Zip archives in C# but all with significant disadvantages. The main problem is that Microsoft has Zip archives implemented in the operating system but there is no official API that we can use. In C# for example, we have the System.IO.Compression.GZip but there is no adequate System.IO.Compression.Zip class.

There are some free .NET compression libraries like SharpZipLib and .NET Zip Library, but this leads to additional installation effort and licensing problems.

It is also possible to use the free J# Library. J# has included Zip to keep compatible with the Java libraries. But to bundle a 3.6 MB DLL vjslib.dll, just to support Zip, seems like a really goofy hack.

Since .NET 3.0, we can use the System.IO.Packaging ZipPackage class in WindowsBase.DLL. It's just 1.1 MB, and it just seems to fit a lot better than importing Java libraries.

Problem only that the ZipPackage class isn't a generic Zip implementation, it's a packaging library for formats like XPS and Office Open XML that happen to use Zip.

To access simple Zip archives with ZipPackage fails because the content is checked for Package conventions.

For example, there has to be a file [Content_Types].xml in the root and only files with specified extensions are accessible. Filenames with special characters and spaces are not allowed and the access time is not the best because of the additional Package link logic.

However, the assembly WindowsBase.DLL is preinstalled and the generic Zip implementation is inside. The only problem is that the generic Zip classes are not public and visible for the programmers. But there is a simple way to get access to this hidden API and I wrote a small wrapper class for this.

Background

A quick check in the Object Browser shows us that WindowsBase.DLL has a namespace MS.Internal.IO.Zip. This sounds good, but there are no public classes visible.

However, the following call:

var types = typeof(System.IO.Packaging.Package).Assembly.GetTypes();

gives us 824 class types, public and non-public and especially one with the name MS.Internal.IO.Zip.ZipArchive. Now it is easy to get this special class type and the methods and properties:

var type = typeof(System.IO.Packaging.Package).Assembly.GetType
		("MS.Internal.IO.Zip.ZipArchive");
var static_methodes = type.GetMethods(BindingFlags.Static | 
		BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.NonPublic);
var nostatic_methodes = type.GetMethods(BindingFlags.Instance | 
		BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.NonPublic);

and we get the most important methods:

static ZipArchive OpenOnFile(string path, FileMode mode, 
	FileAccess access, FileShare share, bool streaming);
static ZipArchive OpenOnStream(Stream stream, FileMode mode, 
	FileAccess access, bool streaming);
ZipFileInfo AddFile(string path, 
	CompressionMethodEnum compmeth, DeflateOptionEnum option);
ZipFileInfo GetFile(string name);
ZipFileInfo DeleteFile(string name);
ZipFileInfoCollection GetFiles();
void Dispose();

The same procedure for ZipFileInfo and we get:

Stream GetStream(FileMode mode, FileAccess access);

and properties like: Name, LastModFileDateTime, FolderFlag...
This is all what we need to implement a small wrapper class and access over Reflection:

class ZipArchive : IDisposable
{
  private object external;
  public static ZipArchive OpenOnFile
      (string path, FileMode mode, FileAccess access, FileShare share, bool streaming)    
  {
    var type = typeof(System.IO.Packaging.Package).Assembly.GetType
		("MS.Internal.IO.Zip.ZipArchive");
    var meth = type.GetMethod("OpenOnFile", BindingFlags.Static | 
		BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.NonPublic);
    return new ZipArchive { external = meth.Invoke(null, new object[] 
		{ path, mode, access, share, streaming }) };
  } 
  //...
  public class ZipFileInfo //...
}

The complete ZipArchive wrapper implementation is in the demo project ZipArchiveTest in Program.cs.
Only 97 lines for this class and we can use it in a code sequence like this:

var str = new MemoryStream();

//create some files:
using (var arc = ZipArchive.OpenOnStream(str))
{
  var doc1 = new XDocument(new XElement
	("root", new XElement("item"), new XElement("item"), new XElement("item")));
  var doc2 = new XDocument(new XElement("root", Enumerable.Repeat
		("item", 1000).Select(p => new XElement(p))));
  using (var fs = arc.AddFile("test1.xml").GetStream
		(FileMode.Open, FileAccess.ReadWrite)) doc1.Save(fs);
  using (var fs = arc.AddFile("test2.xml").GetStream
		(FileMode.Open, FileAccess.ReadWrite)) doc2.Save(fs);
}

// read the files:
using (var arc = ZipArchive.OpenOnStream(str))
{
  var doc1 = XDocument.Load(arc.GetFile("test1.xml").GetStream());
  var doc2 = XDocument.Load(arc.GetFile("test2.xml").GetStream());
  var doc3 = XDocument.Load(arc.GetFile("dir/test3.xml").GetStream());
}

Using the Demo

The demo program ZipArchiveTest using the ZipArchive class is as small as possible and can show the content of Zip archives without any restrictions. Double click to files in the ListBox opens a new window to show the file content as text.

Conclusion

Microsoft should publish its hidden ZipArchive class, but till then, we can use such a simple wrapper to save terabytes of data worldwide.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionCompression worse than normal zip Pinmembertoto23223220-Aug-13 4:08 
AnswerRe: Compression worse than normal zip PinmemberD. Christian Ohle20-Aug-13 5:56 
QuestionHow to set LastModFileDateTime? [modified] PinmemberYuanming11-Aug-13 17:39 
AnswerRe: How to set LastModFileDateTime? PinmemberD. Christian Ohle11-Aug-13 23:38 
GeneralRe: How to set LastModFileDateTime? PinmemberYuanming12-Aug-13 13:50 
GeneralRe: How to set LastModFileDateTime? PinmemberD. Christian Ohle12-Aug-13 23:06 
GeneralRe: How to set LastModFileDateTime? PinmemberYuanming13-Aug-13 14:09 
GeneralRe: How to set LastModFileDateTime? PinmemberD. Christian Ohle13-Aug-13 21:54 
GeneralRe: How to set LastModFileDateTime? PinmemberYuanming14-Aug-13 2:43 
QuestionError when running on hosted website [modified] PinmemberMagnamus10-Jul-13 10:06 
AnswerRe: Error when running on hosted website PinmemberD. Christian Ohle10-Jul-13 20:39 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberMagnamus30-Jun-13 5:00 
QuestionFolders PinmemberMagnamus29-Jun-13 6:12 
AnswerRe: Folders PinmemberD. Christian Ohle29-Jun-13 23:43 
GeneralRe: Folders Pinmembertyukodi30-Jun-13 22:43 
GeneralRe: Folders PinmemberD. Christian Ohle1-Jul-13 5:57 
QuestionLooks like someone has stolen your article... PinmemberFlorian Storck22-May-13 2:59 
AnswerRe: Looks like someone has stolen your article... PinmemberD. Christian Ohle22-May-13 6:01 
QuestionGreat! But... PinmemberCainKellye22-Apr-13 1:36 
AnswerRe: Great! But... PinmemberD. Christian Ohle22-Apr-13 2:00 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberRalf_13-Mar-13 9:07 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberD. Christian Ohle13-Mar-13 20:52 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberRalf_14-Mar-13 0:30 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberD. Christian Ohle14-Mar-13 6:13 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberRalf_14-Mar-13 23:58 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberDanielSheets11-Mar-13 4:58 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberJaap Lamfers12-Feb-13 8:32 
Suggestion.NET 3.5 version PinmemberStehtimSchilf11-Feb-13 8:49 
GeneralThanks! Pinmemberrbignu5-Jan-13 1:44 
QuestionAwesome! PinmemberWildbird3-Jan-13 10:04 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberAwchie13-Nov-12 15:28 
GeneralThanks! High 5 Dude PinmemberAwchie13-Nov-12 15:21 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmembergelo_one12-Nov-12 23:07 
GeneralThanks PinmemberTheGrandBazaar12-Nov-12 4:21 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberElron022-Nov-12 13:28 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberCollin Heine21-Sep-12 7:57 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberMark Lemke12-Sep-12 0:57 
QuestionNo file compression ?? PinmemberBillJam119-Aug-12 8:25 
AnswerRe: No file compression ?? PinmemberBillJam119-Aug-12 8:49 
QuestionProblem with non ascii characters in file names [modified] PinmemberNyarlatotep18-Jun-12 7:45 
AnswerRe: Problem with non ascii characters in file names PinmemberD. Christian Ohle19-Jun-12 6:54 
GeneralRe: Problem with non ascii characters in file names PinmemberMark Lemke11-Sep-12 8:34 
GeneralRe: Problem with non ascii characters in file names PinmemberD. Christian Ohle11-Sep-12 23:56 
Questionfs.GetStream gives a zero byte length [modified] PinmemberJames Garfield10-Feb-12 4:17 
Fabulous article and if I can get this working it will be perfect.
 
This is the primary bit of code I'm trying to implement but fsstr gives me a zero byte length so it doesnt get writen. Do you have any ideas? I'm using .net 3.5 so I've had to change a couple of things.
 
   
                files = folder.GetFiles("*.*");
                foreach (FileInfo file in files)
                {
                    ///DO SOMETHING
                    //AddFileToZip(zipFileName, file.FullName, folder);
                    using (var str = new FileStream(zipFileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate))
                    {
 
                        using (var arc = ZipArchive.OpenOnStream(str, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite, false))
                        {
                            //var fs = str.AddFile("C:\\Server.TXT", ZipArchive.CompressionMethodEnum.Deflated, ZipArchive.DeflateOptionEnum.Normal);
                            var fs = arc.AddFile(file.FullName, ZipArchive.CompressionMethodEnum.Deflated, ZipArchive.DeflateOptionEnum.Normal);                            
                            using (var fsstr = fs.GetStream(FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
                            {
                                CopyStream(fsstr, str);
                            }                           
                        }
                    }


modified 10-Feb-12 11:11am.

AnswerRe: fs.GetStream gives a zero byte length PinmemberD. Christian Ohle15-Feb-12 4:26 
GeneralRe: fs.GetStream gives a zero byte length PinmemberJames Garfield23-Feb-12 9:37 
Questionhandy PinmemberCIDev15-Jul-11 6:08 
AnswerRe: handy PinmemberD. Christian Ohle15-Jul-11 11:07 
GeneralRe: handy PinmemberCIDev15-Jul-11 13:09 
GeneralRe: handy PinmemberD. Christian Ohle15-Jul-11 13:45 

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