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A Video Converter in Visual Basic .NET

, 13 Jun 2011 CPOL 39.9K 8.4K 21
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This is a simple video converter I developed with .NET while playing with ffmpeg.

Introduction

This is a simple video converter developed with .NET while playing with ffmpeg.

Ffmpeg is an open source command line audio / video converter. ffmpeg uses command line arguments for its conversion and this is what we are going to do with our .NET application. We will execute ffmpeg from our application and send these parameters to ffmpeg without displaying the command line window.

Download the source code here to see how it works.

Background

The application uses a background worker. BackgroundWorker prevents our form from hanging while the conversion is in progress. I had that problem whenever I started the ffmpeg process.

The BackgroundWorker component gives you the ability to execute time-consuming operations asynchronously ("in the background"), on a thread different from your application's main UI thread. To use a BackgroundWorker, you simply tell it what time-consuming worker method to execute in the background, and then you call the RunWorkerAsync method. Your calling thread continues to run normally while the worker method runs asynchronously. When the method is finished, the BackgroundWorker alerts the calling thread by firing the RunWorkerCompleted event, which optionally contains the results of the operation. (MSDN 2008)

Ffmpeg is freely available on the internet. You need to have the binary version, i.e., ffmpeg.exe in the application directory of your project. It is included in the zip file.

How to Create the Converter

Let's get started by using ffmpeg.exe. Open the command prompt in your Windows environment and navigate to the directory where ffmpeg.exe is located.

Now let's say ffmpeg is located in C:\ i.e., C:\ffmpeg.exe, we navigate to our C: directory on the command prompt and type in a few commands into ffmpeg. Let's say we have a .avi video file in our C: directory and want to convert that video to a .flv file, we just need to enter the command:

ffmpeg -i input.avi output.flv 

Note that different arguments can be parsed to ffmpeg for various kinds on conversion, but for the purpose of this tutorial, we will stick to the very basic commands needed to convert our video file. What that argument above does is that it creates a converted video version of the file input.avi to output.flv in our C: directory. Basically, this is what our program is going to do but this time around without the command prompt. We will be sending the arguments through our program to ffmpeg. For more documentation on how to use ffmpeg, checkout this FFmpeg site...

Now let's begin with our program in .NET.

Step 1

Insert three textboxes, a trackbar, a background worker, open and save dialog boxes and four command buttons into your new form. You also need to place ffmpeg.exe in the /bin folder of your application directory.

Untitled.png

The dialogSave and dialogOpen tools enable us to specify where our file is located and where we want to save the output file. The backgroundWorker tool allows us to run the ffmpeg process in a different thread from our application's UI thread, this allows our application to run properly without interruption from ffmpeg process while the actual conversion is in progress.

Step 2

Let's create a function that performs the conversion:

Function startConversion()
        Control.CheckForIllegalCrossThreadCalls = False 
        Dim input As String = Me.dlgOpen.FileName 'the input file
        Dim output As String = Me.dlgSave.FileName 'the output file
		
       'ffmpeg location
	Dim exepath As String = Application.StartupPath + "\bin\ffmpeg.exe"
        Dim quality As Integer = TrackBar1.Value * 2

        Dim startinfo As New System.Diagnostics.ProcessStartInfo 
        Dim sr As StreamReader
        Dim cmd As String = " -i """ + input + """ -ar 22050 -qscale " _
			& quality & " -y """ + output + """" 
        'ffmpeg commands -y to force overwrite
        ' the –qscale option allows us to set the quality of our video with our trackbar
		
        Dim ffmpegOutput As String

        'all parameters required to run the process
        'ffmpeg uses standard error to display its output 

        startinfo.FileName = exepath
        startinfo.Arguments = cmd
        startinfo.UseShellExecute = False
        startinfo.WindowStyle = ProcessWindowStyle.Hidden
        startinfo.RedirectStandardError = True 	'redirect ffmpegs output 
						'to our application
        startinfo.RedirectStandardOutput = True 'we don’t really need this
        startinfo.CreateNoWindow = True
        proc.StartInfo = startinfo
        proc.Start() ' start the process
        Me.lblInfo.Text = "Conversion in progress... Please wait..."
        sr = proc.StandardError 'standard error is used by ffmpeg
        Me.btnStart.Enabled = False
        Do
            If BackgroundWorker1.CancellationPending Then 
			'check if a cancellation request was made and 
			'exit the function if true
                Exit Function
            End If
            ffmpegOutput = sr.ReadLine 	'displays ffmpeg’s output 
					'in the textbox one line at a time
            Me.txtProgress.Text = ffmpegOutput
        Loop Until proc.HasExited And ffmpegOutput = Nothing Or ffmpegOutput = ""

        Me.txtProgress.Text = "Finished !"
        Me.lblInfo.Text = "Completed!"
        MsgBox("Completed!", MsgBoxStyle.Exclamation)
        Me.btnStart.Enabled = True
        Return 0
    End Function    

We created a function startConversion() which performs the actual conversion of the file with ffmpeg.

Setting Control.CheckForIllegalCrossThreadCalls to False prevents Visual Studio from catching calls on a different thread that accesses a control's Handle property when an application is being debugged because we will be calling our controls from another thread separate from our form’s thread, i.e., the backgroundWorker process where our function is located.

Dim cmd As String = " -i """ + input + """ -ar 22050 -qscale " _
			& quality & " -y """ + output + """"  

This command is parsed to ffmpeg.exe to do the actual conversion for us.

"-i input" specifies our input file, e.g., sample.avi, the "-ar 22050" specifies the audio sampling frequency as 22050 which is common for flash video files, we can also specify a different one like 44100 which is actually the default in ffmpeg. "-qscale" specifies the quality of the video e.g.,. "-qscale 2" is of higher quality than "-qscale 10". The value of our quality variable is retrieved from the trackbar. We want our users to specify the quality of the video they want using the trackbar.

Note that startinfo contains properties that allows us to specify that our process is being run. The WindowStyle property is set to hidden, this prevents the command prompt console from showing.

RedirectStandardOutput property is used to redirect whatever is displayed on the command prompt to a different control. But ffmpeg uses standardError to display its conversion output, this is why we have to use the RedirectStandardError and set its value to true.

BackgroundWorker1.CancellationPending shows that a cancellation request was sent to terminate the process, we use this property to exit our function, this actually kills the ffmpeg process.

A textbox ffmpegOutput is used to display the output from ffmpeg by assigning sr.ReadLine to it.

Step 3

On the startButton, insert the following code:

Private Sub btnStart_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
	ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles btnStart.Click
    If txtOpen.Text = "" Or txtOpen.Text <> dlgOpen.FileName Then
        MsgBox("Select a file to convert", MsgBoxStyle.Information, "Select a file")
        Exit Sub
    ElseIf txtSave.Text = "" Or txtSave.Text <> dlgSave.FileName Then
        MsgBox("Select your output filename", MsgBoxStyle.Information, "Select a file")
        Exit Sub 
    End If
    BackgroundWorker1.RunWorkerAsync() ‘start the background worker
End Sub

RunWorkerAsync() action of the backgroundWorker is used to start the process. What this does is that it executes the startConversion() function we inserted in the BackgroundWorker1_DoWork procedure.

Step 4

On the save dialog tool, insert the following code:

Private Sub dlgSave_FileOk(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
	ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles dlgSave.FileOk
        dlgSave.OverwritePrompt = True
        dlgSave.DereferenceLinks = True
        dlgSave.CreatePrompt = True
        dlgSave.DefaultExt = ".flv" 	'this program converts to flv only, 
					'you can allow the user to save in any 
					'format by including more video file 
					'extension in the save option dialog box
        txtSave.Text = dlgSave.FileName
    End Sub

'To stop the conversion process, we send a notification to the 
'backgroundWorker and kill the ffmpeg process

    Private Sub btnStop_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
	ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles btnStop.Click
        On Error GoTo handle
        BackgroundWorker1.CancelAsync()
        If btnStart.Enabled = False Then
            lblInfo.Text = ("Conversion Canceled!")
            MsgBox("Conversion has been cancelled!", MsgBoxStyle.Exclamation)
            btnStart.Enabled = True
        Else
            MsgBox("Start conversion first", MsgBoxStyle.Critical)
        End If

        proc.Kill()
handle:
        Exit Sub
    End Sub

On our stop button, we send a CancelAsync() request to the backgroundWorker. This request enables us to handle anything we need to display or do before we end the process. For example, we can display a message box that confirms cancellation and also perform a different task on the process before the process ends.

Step 5

The backgroundWorker calls the conversion function here:

Private Sub BackgroundWorker1_DoWork(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
    ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.DoWorkEventArgs) Handles BackgroundWorker1.DoWork
    startConversion()
End Sub

Points of Interest

This application only converts different video files to .flv (Flash video). To save your videos in any other format, simply add more video file extensions to the save dialog box filter property. I hope you’ll have fun with this.

History

Just the first application.

Regards,
Tunde Olabenjo

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Olabenjo Tunde
CEO EdgeWalk
Nigeria Nigeria
Summary

CCNA
MCSA
MCSA Security
Security +
MCITP Server Administrator
MCTS SQL Server 2005
MCTS Windows 2008 Network Infrastructure
MCTS ISA server 2006
MCTS Active directory Server 08

Specialties

VB.Net, J2Me, PHP(Framework-CodeIgniter), Java, C++, SQL, HTML5, CSS(basic), XML, AJAX(basic), jQuery, javascript, RESTful Web Services and API, Vulnerability assessment, Penetration testing, mobile application development(phonegap, netbeans, Qt).

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Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionThe system cannot find the file specified Pin
Thomas000074-Nov-13 15:28
memberThomas000074-Nov-13 15:28 
GeneralMy vote of 4 Pin
viral.sharma1-Aug-13 21:15
memberviral.sharma1-Aug-13 21:15 
Question"proc" was not declared Pin
SkuLLkn0ck25-May-13 9:37
memberSkuLLkn0ck25-May-13 9:37 
QuestionThanks Pin
dongcr11-Apr-13 23:36
memberdongcr11-Apr-13 23:36 
QuestionVB6 Pin
VBSix3-Feb-13 19:34
memberVBSix3-Feb-13 19:34 
QuestionError Pin
Ali Agha2-Feb-13 1:41
memberAli Agha2-Feb-13 1:41 
QuestionAwesome! Pin
Mingione2814-Dec-12 8:41
memberMingione2814-Dec-12 8:41 
QuestionError Message Pin
Member 888583425-Apr-12 15:42
memberMember 888583425-Apr-12 15:42 
AnswerRe: Error Message Pin
Member 1047700720-Dec-13 3:00
memberMember 1047700720-Dec-13 3:00 
QuestionFile converts but size is 0 Pin
terrancefisher21-Dec-11 1:58
memberterrancefisher21-Dec-11 1:58 
AnswerRe: File converts but size is 0 Pin
Olabenjo Tunde8-Mar-12 14:00
memberOlabenjo Tunde8-Mar-12 14:00 
Questionhow to use the code in wpf application Pin
abhay00414-Sep-11 21:11
memberabhay00414-Sep-11 21:11 
AnswerRe: how to use the code in wpf application Pin
thatraja26-Jan-12 20:25
mvpthatraja26-Jan-12 20:25 
GeneralRe: how to use the code in wpf application Pin
Olabenjo Tunde8-Mar-12 13:56
memberOlabenjo Tunde8-Mar-12 13:56 
Generalffmpeg hangs for larger files Pin
Chris Quinn13-Jun-11 3:45
memberChris Quinn13-Jun-11 3:45 
GeneralPermission Pin
Benjamin Unanka13-Jun-11 2:15
memberBenjamin Unanka13-Jun-11 2:15 
GeneralRe: Permission Pin
Olabenjo Tunde13-Jun-11 2:41
memberOlabenjo Tunde13-Jun-11 2:41 

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