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Creating and Resolving shell links

, 10 May 2002 200.1K 1.3K 27
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An MC++ class that uses IJW to invoke the IShellLink interface
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Introduction

ShortCut is a .NET class that allows you to create shortcuts to files as well as resolve existing shortcuts. The class was coded in Managed C++ and makes ample use of IJW. I have compiled the class as a Class Library under the namespace ShortCutLib. Thus you can now use it from your C# and VB .NET programs. Simply add a reference to the DLL. This is yet another example of how Managed C++ eases the transition between managed and unmanaged code so easily. It just works!

Sample Usage [C#]

using System;
using ShortCutLib;

namespace ShortCutTest
{
    class Class1
    {
        [STAThread]
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            ShortCut sc = new ShortCut();

            //Creating a shortcut
            sc.FilePath = "C:\\windows\\notepad.exe";
            sc.LnkPath = "c:\\abc.lnk";
            sc.LnkDesc = "This runs notepad";
            sc.WorkDir = "C:\\";
            sc.CreateLink();

            //Resolving a shortcut
            sc.LnkPath = "C:\\xyz.lnk";
            sc.ResolveLink();

            Console.WriteLine("File is {0}",sc.FilePath);
            Console.WriteLine("Description is {0}",sc.LnkDesc);
            Console.WriteLine("Woirking Dir is {0}",sc.WorkDir);
        }
    }
}

Source Listing (only the main header and cpp file)

For those of you who only have beta 2, you can use the following two source listings:

// ShortCut.h

#pragma once

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace ShortCutLib
{
    public __gc class ShortCut
    {
        private:
            String* m_filepath;
            String* m_workdir;
            String* m_lnkdesc;
            String* m_lnkpath;

            HRESULT _CreateLink(LPCWSTR FilePath, LPCWSTR LnkPath, 
                                LPCWSTR LnkDesc,LPCWSTR WorkDir);
            HRESULT _ResolveLink(LPCWSTR LnkFile, LPWSTR FilePath,
                                 LPWSTR LnkDesc,LPWSTR WorkDir);

        public:     
            __property String* get_FilePath()
            {
                return m_filepath;
            }
            __property void set_FilePath(String *str)
            {
                m_filepath = str;
            }
            __property String* get_WorkDir()
            {
                return m_workdir;
            }
            __property void set_WorkDir(String *str)
            {
                m_workdir = str;
            }
            __property String* get_LnkDesc()
            {
                return m_lnkdesc;
            }
            __property void set_LnkDesc(String *str)
            {
                m_lnkdesc = str;
            }
            __property String* get_LnkPath()
            {
                return m_lnkpath;
            }
            __property void set_LnkPath(String *str)
            {
                m_lnkpath = str;
            }
                
            bool CreateLink()
            {
                IntPtr strfilepath = Marshal::StringToCoTaskMemUni(FilePath);
                IntPtr strlnkpath = Marshal::StringToCoTaskMemUni(LnkPath);
                IntPtr strlnkdesc = Marshal::StringToCoTaskMemUni(LnkDesc);
                IntPtr strworkdir = Marshal::StringToCoTaskMemUni(WorkDir);
                
                HRESULT hres = _CreateLink((LPCWSTR)strfilepath.ToPointer(),
                                           (LPCWSTR)strlnkpath.ToPointer(),
                                           (LPCWSTR)strlnkdesc.ToPointer(),
                                           (LPCWSTR)strworkdir.ToPointer());

                Marshal::FreeCoTaskMem(strfilepath);
                Marshal::FreeCoTaskMem(strlnkpath);
                Marshal::FreeCoTaskMem(strlnkdesc);
                Marshal::FreeCoTaskMem(strworkdir);

                return (hres==S_OK);
            }

            bool ResolveLink()
            {
                wchar_t strfilepath[MAX_PATH];
                wchar_t strworkdir[MAX_PATH];
                wchar_t strlnkdesc[INFOTIPSIZE];

                IntPtr strlnkpath = Marshal::StringToCoTaskMemUni(LnkPath);         
                
                HRESULT hres = _ResolveLink((LPCWSTR)strlnkpath.ToPointer(),
                    strfilepath, strlnkdesc, strworkdir);

                FilePath = strfilepath;
                LnkDesc = strlnkdesc;
                WorkDir = strworkdir;
                    
                Marshal::FreeCoTaskMem(strlnkpath);         

                return (hres==S_OK);
            }
    };
}
// This is the main DLL file.

#include "stdafx.h"
#using <mscorlib.dll>
#include <Shlobj.h>
#include <crtdbg.h>
#include <atldef.h>
#include <atlconv.h>

#include "ShortCut.h"


HRESULT ShortCutLib::ShortCut::_CreateLink(LPCWSTR FilePath, 
    LPCWSTR LnkPath, LPCWSTR LnkDesc,LPCWSTR WorkDir) 
{ 
    USES_CONVERSION;
    CoInitialize(NULL);
    IShellLink* psl;             
    HRESULT  hres = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_ShellLink, NULL, 
            CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IShellLink, (LPVOID *) &psl); 
    if (SUCCEEDED(hres)) 
    { 
        IPersistFile* ppf; 
         
        psl->SetPath(W2A(FilePath)); 
        psl->SetWorkingDirectory(W2A(WorkDir));
        psl->SetDescription(W2A(LnkDesc)); 
            
        hres = psl->QueryInterface(IID_IPersistFile,(LPVOID*)&ppf); 
 
        if (SUCCEEDED(hres)) 
        {    
            hres = ppf->Save(LnkPath, TRUE); 
            ppf->Release(); 
        } 
        psl->Release(); 
    }
    CoUninitialize();
    return hres; 
} 

HRESULT ShortCutLib::ShortCut::_ResolveLink(LPCWSTR LnkFile, LPWSTR FilePath,
                                            LPWSTR LnkDesc,LPWSTR WorkDir) 
{ 
    CoInitialize(NULL);
    HRESULT hres; 
    IShellLink* psl; 
    WIN32_FIND_DATA wfd; 
    char strfilepath[MAX_PATH];     
    char strlnkdesc[INFOTIPSIZE];
    char strworkdir[MAX_PATH];

    USES_CONVERSION;
 
    hres = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_ShellLink, NULL, 
            CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IShellLink, (LPVOID *) &psl); 
    if (SUCCEEDED(hres)) 
    { 
        IPersistFile* ppf;         
        hres = psl->QueryInterface(IID_IPersistFile, (LPVOID *)&ppf); 
        if (SUCCEEDED(hres)) 
        { 
            hres = ppf->Load(LnkFile, STGM_READ); 
            if (SUCCEEDED(hres)) 
            {               
                hres = psl->Resolve(GetDesktopWindow(), 0); 
                if (SUCCEEDED(hres)) 
                { 
                    hres = psl->GetPath(strfilepath,MAX_PATH, &wfd, 
                                           SLGP_UNCPRIORITY );
                    
                    if (SUCCEEDED(hres)) 
                    {            
                        wcscpy(FilePath, A2W(strfilepath)); 
                        hres = psl->GetDescription(strlnkdesc,INFOTIPSIZE);
                    }

                    if (SUCCEEDED(hres)) 
                    {
                        wcscpy(LnkDesc,A2W(strlnkdesc));
                        hres = psl->GetWorkingDirectory(strworkdir,MAX_PATH);
                    }

                    if (SUCCEEDED(hres)) 
                    {
                        wcscpy(WorkDir,A2W(strworkdir));
                    }
                } 
            }         
            ppf->Release(); 
        }     
        psl->Release(); 
    } 
    CoUninitialize();
    return hres; 
} 

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

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About the Author

Nish Nishant

United States United States
Nish Nishant is a Software Architect/Consultant based out of Columbus, Ohio. He has over 15 years of software industry experience in various roles including Lead Software Architect, Principal Software Engineer, and Product Manager. Nish is a recipient of the annual Microsoft Visual C++ MVP Award since 2002 (13 consecutive awards as of 2014).

Nish is an industry acknowledged expert in the Microsoft technology stack. He authored
C++/CLI in Action for Manning Publications in 2005, and had previously co-authored
Extending MFC Applications with the .NET Framework for Addison Wesley in 2003. In addition, he has over 140 published technology articles on CodeProject.com and another 250+ blog articles on his
WordPress blog. Nish is vastly experienced in team management, mentoring teams, and directing all stages of software development.

Contact Nish : You can reach Nish on his google email id voidnish.

Website and Blog

Comments and Discussions

 
Generalrunning under 64 bit OS? Pin
Thomas Ramaglia7-Jun-11 12:04
memberThomas Ramaglia7-Jun-11 12:04 
QuestionWhat about LNK to installed app (not pointed to exe, created by MSI) Pin
Member 323162121-May-09 4:34
memberMember 323162121-May-09 4:34 
GeneralCorrection Pin
Member 74870021-May-08 22:51
memberMember 74870021-May-08 22:51 
GeneralA2W conversion Pin
sheshidar27-Jul-06 20:50
membersheshidar27-Jul-06 20:50 
GeneralLinking under VS2005 Pin
marad0124-May-06 5:43
membermarad0124-May-06 5:43 
GeneralRe: Linking under VS2005 [modified] Pin
thomasa88_26-Jun-06 13:51
memberthomasa88_26-Jun-06 13:51 
QuestionShortcutLib can't handle http links? Pin
dommer16-Feb-05 10:25
memberdommer16-Feb-05 10:25 
QuestionIs there a chance to get the library in native c# code? Pin
rleins3-Jun-04 4:06
memberrleins3-Jun-04 4:06 
AnswerRe: Is there a chance to get the library in native c# code? Pin
Nishant S3-Jun-04 4:52
staffNishant S3-Jun-04 4:52 
GeneralGreat Code, but where is the &quot;iconpath&quot; property Pin
softcell6-Mar-04 3:13
susssoftcell6-Mar-04 3:13 
GeneralCreate MSI Links Pin
Anonymous20-Oct-03 2:50
sussAnonymous20-Oct-03 2:50 
I want to create MSI Links on the Desktop. Is there a solution?

Thanks
Matthias
GeneralCPP ShortCut Source Pin
Russell Mangel15-Oct-03 17:42
memberRussell Mangel15-Oct-03 17:42 
GeneralRe: CPP ShortCut Source Pin
Nishant S15-Oct-03 18:42
staffNishant S15-Oct-03 18:42 
GeneralAccess is denied: 'ShortCut' Pin
w3home11-Apr-03 1:03
memberw3home11-Apr-03 1:03 
GeneralRe: Access is denied: 'ShortCut' Pin
Nishant S13-Apr-03 10:03
editorNishant S13-Apr-03 10:03 
GeneralRe: Access is denied: 'ShortCut' Pin
Marco Morreale30-Jun-03 3:19
memberMarco Morreale30-Jun-03 3:19 
GeneralShortcut file not created Pin
schmiddy25-Mar-03 18:20
memberschmiddy25-Mar-03 18:20 
GeneralRe: Shortcut file not created Pin
Nishant S25-Mar-03 19:05
editorNishant S25-Mar-03 19:05 
GeneralRe: Shortcut file not created Pin
Anonymous25-Mar-03 19:12
sussAnonymous25-Mar-03 19:12 
GeneralRe: Shortcut file not created Pin
Nishant S25-Mar-03 19:14
editorNishant S25-Mar-03 19:14 
GeneralFans! Pin
Mustafa Demirhan11-May-02 15:11
memberMustafa Demirhan11-May-02 15:11 
GeneralRe: Fans! Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]11-May-02 15:19
memberNish [BusterBoy]11-May-02 15:19 
GeneralRe: Fans! Pin
Mustafa Demirhan11-May-02 15:24
memberMustafa Demirhan11-May-02 15:24 
GeneralRe: Fans! Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]11-May-02 15:36
memberNish [BusterBoy]11-May-02 15:36 
GeneralUse PtrToStringChars Pin
MCPPKing11-May-02 6:39
memberMCPPKing11-May-02 6:39 

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