If you want to serve extensionless URL from ASP.NET 2.0 like the following:
You cannot, unless you use some third party ISAPI module or use IIS 6.0 Wildcard mapping feature. Third party ISAPI module needs to be installed on the server directly. If you don't have a dedicated server or a Virtual Private Server where you can install an ISAPI module, you cannot take this approach. Moreover ISAPI modules intercept each and every request, so the more modules you install, the slower each request becomes. On the other hand, IIS 6.0 Wildcard mapping makes each and every request go through ASP.NET 2.0 ISAPI handler including URLs with .gif, .css, .js, .html, etc. So, it suffers from scalability problem. Some independent research shows there's 30% drop in performance in IIS 6.0 when you use wildcard mapping. So, this is not a good solution either.
Here's an approach which works without using ISAPI module or wildcard mapping in IIS 6.0. When you request extensionless URL, you get HTTP 404 page. This means IIS receives the request and it serves the page configured for HTTP 404. Generally this is a 404.html file that resides in IIS directory. IIS does not send the request to ASP.NET handler and thus you cannot intercept 404 requests. So, if you can forward all HTTP 404 to ASP.NET, you can serve such extensionless URL. In order to forward HTTP 404 to ASP.NET ISAPI, all you need to do is configure IIS to redirect to some .aspx extension when a missing extensionless URL is hit.
Benefits of this approach:
- No third party ISAPI module required. Thus no installation problem, no request interception delay
- No Wildcard mapping thus no performance sacrifice for ASP.NET
Here's how to configure 404 redirection in IIS 6.0:
On IIS 6.0, change 404 default page to
/404.aspx and the type to "URL". On IIS 7.0, change 404 default page to
/404.aspx and the type to "ExecuteURL". Also, change the default error response to "Custom error pages".
When you will request a URL like "www.shop.com/products/books" it will redirect to "www.shop.com/404.aspx?404;http://www.shop.com/products/books". From
event, capture this URL and see whether it's an extensionless URL request. If it is, do your URL rewriting stuff for such extensionless URL.
1: protected void Application_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)
3: string url = HttpContext.Current.Request.Url.AbsolutePath;
5: 6: if (url.Contains("404.aspx"))
8: 9: 10:
11: string urlInfo404 = Request.Url.Query.ToString().Split(';');
12: if (urlInfo404.Length > 1)
14: string originalUrl = urlInfo404;
16: string urlParts = originalUrl.Split('?');
18: string queryString = string.Empty;
19: string requestedFile = string.Empty;
21: if (urlParts.Length > 1)
23: requestedFile = urlParts;
24: queryString = urlParts;
28: requestedFile = urlParts;
31: if( requestedFile.IndexOf('.') > 0 )
33: 34: 35: }
38: 39: 40: HttpContext.Current.RewritePath(requestedFile +
".aspx?" + queryString);
The above code finds the virtual directory name e.g.
/omar that was requested but resulted in HTTP 404. From the redirected URL, it parses and finds the missing folder name. From there, it rewrites the folder to a .aspx file extension which can handle the request for the missing URL. You can do different actions like rewrite to
Default.aspx with the query parameters, redirect to another page and so on.
We have used this approach in Pageflakes. You can visit URLs like www.pageflakes.com/omar and get the URL handled by our homepage.
This solution is search engine friendly because no one ever sees a HTTP 404. You can test this using tools like Fiddler and see the missing URL hit will not produce HTTP 404 or any redirect. The response header will be HTTP 200 and the rewritten page content will appear as response body. So, there's no issue with search engine optimization (SEO).
Things To Watch Out
Browser thinks the missing URL is a folder and thus requests all relative files (graphics, css, js) from that URL. So, if you have a graphics at images/test.gif location of your site and you visit www.pageflakes.com/omar URL, then browser will request the graphics from www.pageflakes.com/omar/images/test.gif location.
Solution is to use a
<base> tag and specify the correct location from where all relative URL is fetched. For example, you can set
<base href="http://www.pageflakes.com/">. This will force browser to assume the page is being served from the root folder and thus translate all relative URL from the root URL. So, the graphics URL will be translated to www.pageflakes.com/images/test.gif which is the correct URL.
Postback Reveals Ugly URL
Another problem is related to postback. When you rewrite to an .aspx page, the form tag will be generated based on the .aspx page's path, not the path from where the URL was rewritten. For example, rewriting to somepage.aspx will render a form tag where the action attribute is set to somepage.aspx. So, a postback will redirect the browser to somepage.aspx.
You can use Scott Gu's solution from here.
AJAX Stops Working
When AJAX framework does not download from proper URL and async postbacks go to different URL than you intended, such problems happen. So, you need to use the
<base> tag to produce the correct URL from where AJAX frameworks need to be downloaded and then rewrite form action tag to make async postbacks go to the correct URL.