Click here to Skip to main content
11,634,568 members (68,601 online)
Click here to Skip to main content

Chat Application using Web services in C#

, 15 May 2008 CPOL 247.9K 34.1K 135
Rate this:
Please Sign up or sign in to vote.
This is a cool chat application created in DotNet using web services having all the functionalities.

Introduction

All of us are more or less using many of the chat applications available in the market everyday but still sometimes wonder of how it has been developed. This is a simple private chat application developed in DotNet using a web service.

The application (EasyTalk, I named it) targets mainly the beginners who still sometimes fear of using the web service. The audience will get a taste of how web servcie can be easily developed and can be used in a chatting application.

Background

The chat client is developed just like any other chat application using Windows form and the chat service is developed using the Dot Net web service residing in the web server.

Zip File Contents

The above attached zip file contains the following projects:

1. Chat Service - This is the web service to be deployed in any web server.

2. Chat Client - The is the chat application through which the user will chat.

3. Chat Setup - The distributable setup package.

4. Chat Testing - To is to test the web service.

Using the code

ChatService.asmx (Web Service)

The ChatService.asmx in the zip file represents the name of the web service in which you will see lot of web methods that will be called by the clients using the application.

[WebService(Namespace = "<a href="%22%22http://tempuri.org/%22%22">http://tempuri.org/</a>")]
[WebServiceBinding(ConformsTo = WsiProfiles.BasicProfile1_1)]
public class ChatService : System.Web.Services.WebService
{
    static protected ArrayList arrUsers = new ArrayList();
    static protected ArrayList arrMessage = new ArrayList(); 
  
    public ChatService () { 
    
        //Uncomment the following line if using designed components 
        //InitializeComponent(); 
    }

Remember these methods are always 'public', otherwise they won't be available for the outside world. You can only set a public method as a web method, otherwise they will be treated as private methods to the web service.

Let us walk through some of these methods:

[WebMethod]
public void AddUser(string strUser)
{ 
    arrUsers.Add(strUser); 
} 

The AddUser() method will add the user who has logged in the ArrayList being maintained in the web service. By this way the online user list is always updated and will give you the list of users in the room at any point of time.

[WebMethod]
public string GetUsers() 
{
    string strUser = string.Empty; 
    for (int i = 0; i < arrUsers.Count; i++)
    {
        strUser = strUser + arrUsers[i].ToString() + "|";
    }
    return strUser;
}

The GetUser() method will retrieve the list of users who have logged in the application. This list can be easily available from the Arraylist at any time.

[WebMethod]
public void RemoveUser(string strUser)
{
    for (int i = 0; i < arrUsers.Count; i++)
    {
        if(arrUsers[i].ToString() == strUser)
            arrUsers.RemoveAt(i);
    }
}

The RemoveUser() method will do the opposite. It will take out the required name out of the Arraylist whenever the user logout from the application.

[WebMethod]
public void SendMessage(string strFromUser, string strToUser, string strMess)
{
    arrMessage.Add(strToUser + ":" + strFromUser + ":" + strMess); 
}

The SendMessage() method will concatinate the strings (the username to which the message has been sent, the username who has sent the message and the actual message) coming as parameters and will add the new string to another ArrayList. This ArrayList will simply hold all the messages coming from diferent clients intended for different users.

[WebMethod]
public string ReceiveMessage(string strUser)
{
    string strMess = string.Empty;
    for (int i = 0; i < arrMessage.Count; i++)
    {
        string[] strTo = arrMessage[i].ToString().Split(':');
        if (strTo[0].ToString() == strUser)
        {
            for (int j = 1; j < strTo.Length; j++)
            {
                strMess = strMess + strTo[j] + ":";
            }
            arrMessage.RemoveAt(i);
            break;
        } 
    }
    return strMess;
}

The ReceiveMessage() method is doing all the tricks. It will filter the messages from the Arraylist and will send each message to its actual recipient.

1. It is taking out the messages one by one from the Arraylist.

2. It is comparing the 'ToUser' name attached with the message with the username from whom the method is requested.

3. If the names are same means the message is intended for that recipient only. It will return the message to that user and remove the message from the arrayList once it is transfered.

ChatClient (Client Application)

Chat User List Window

The Chat Client is developed using the Windows Forms. You will see two forms by the name Form1 for showing the online user list and PrivateMessage for the chat window.

In this solution we have added the web service as a web reference to this project. So whenever you add the web service that has been deployed in any of your server, the client application will register that path to the server.

The Form1 is the interface that is populating the list of online users logged into the EasyTalk aplication. There is no login form in this application as the username is automatically assigned from the windows login name. The same name will get displayed in the list which on click will open a one to one conversation window to chat with that person. There is a timer attached with this form that will call the GetUser() web method in the web service every 2 seconds to update the list of online users.

chatlist.jpg

Extra Functionalities:

1. Whenever any user logs into the application, a notification window will get popup in all the online users machine from the right corner of the screen to show the name of the new online user. [screenshot below]

NotifyUser.JPG

2. Whenever the user minimises the chat window, the new messeges will start coming to that user in a popup window like the one above from the right corner of the screen like that in gtalk.

3. If the user wishes not to get the messeges in apopup window he can select the checkbox at the bottom of the main window named "Stop Messege Alert service".

Chat Window

The other form is the privateMessage that will allow the user to talk to the other person. There is also a timer attached with this form that will call the ReceiveMessage() method to check whether any new message has arrived from the other side. So if there are 3 windows open for an user, the respective window will look for it's own message through the timer.

Private Message

In the application, the notifyIcon control is also used so that the user can keep the application running in the system tray. There is a menu associated with the application through which the

One catchy thing that has been used in this application is to blink the chat window whenever any new message comes. The blinking will go on till the user clicks the window to read the message. This is done using Windows API.

[DllImport("user32.dll")]
static extern Int32 FlashWindowEx(ref FLASHWINFO pwfi);

Configuration Window

There has been a configuration window to change the server name/ip address. If the web service is deployed in a diferent chat server, only the new ip addreess needs to be supplied to the application through the configuration window by the users.

Points of Interest

This is just one way of creating a very simple chat application using a web service. You can create this application using a different approach. You can further procced with this application by creating more functionalities like Public Chatting, Conferences, etc.

Happy Chatting!!!!!!

History

Keep a running update of any changes or improvements you've made here.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

Share

About the Author

Surajit Paul
Team Leader
United States United States
He has a total experience of more than 6 years in programming on different technologies. Currently working as a Systems Analyst.

You may also be interested in...

Comments and Discussions

 
Questionerror found plz resolve Pin
heresanjay0120-Nov-14 19:25
memberheresanjay0120-Nov-14 19:25 
QuestionCouldn't get it to work with service at first Pin
John M Kelly Jr29-Sep-14 2:29
memberJohn M Kelly Jr29-Sep-14 2:29 
Questioncant download... Pin
Member 103012517-May-14 21:11
memberMember 103012517-May-14 21:11 
QuestionNo Puedo Ejecutar la Aplicación HELP Pin
juan_2001-Apr-14 18:47
groupjuan_2001-Apr-14 18:47 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
thedinesh0125-Mar-14 0:03
memberthedinesh0125-Mar-14 0:03 
QuestionGood work Pin
Raghbinho19-Mar-14 4:17
memberRaghbinho19-Mar-14 4:17 
QuestionImplement Group Pin
sachin.vishwa9023-Jan-14 19:00
membersachin.vishwa9023-Jan-14 19:00 
Questionunable to run Pin
atul singh rautela20-Nov-13 19:12
memberatul singh rautela20-Nov-13 19:12 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
terdia27-Aug-13 6:32
memberterdia27-Aug-13 6:32 
QuestionError in connecting to the chat server Pin
terdia27-Aug-13 6:25
memberterdia27-Aug-13 6:25 
AnswerRe: Error in connecting to the chat server Pin
palespyder20-Sep-13 8:37
memberpalespyder20-Sep-13 8:37 
BugWhile Building the Project gets error! Pin
muhammed riyaaz29-Apr-13 18:45
membermuhammed riyaaz29-Apr-13 18:45 
Questionhow to run all these four application Pin
baskaran chellasamy28-Apr-13 22:01
memberbaskaran chellasamy28-Apr-13 22:01 
Questionadding voice chat to easy talk chat application Pin
vj2714-Apr-13 20:17
membervj2714-Apr-13 20:17 
AnswerRe: adding voice chat to easy talk chat application Pin
baskaran chellasamy28-Apr-13 22:04
memberbaskaran chellasamy28-Apr-13 22:04 
QuestionRe: adding voice chat to easy talk chat application Pin
jain_ravi9-May-13 0:23
memberjain_ravi9-May-13 0:23 
Questionvoice chat in with easy talk chat application Pin
vj279-Apr-13 20:21
membervj279-Apr-13 20:21 
QuestionRe: voice chat in with easy talk chat application Pin
muhammed riyaaz3-Jun-13 21:48
membermuhammed riyaaz3-Jun-13 21:48 
SuggestionVisual Studio 2010 compatibility Pin
FourCrate11-Oct-12 11:45
memberFourCrate11-Oct-12 11:45 
I had to convert this file in VS 2010 Ultimate for backward compatibility and it doesn't seem to be converting all the necessary files. Also the ChatService.asmx file is empty with no methods except for this Frown | :( :

<%@ WebService Language="C#" CodeBehind="~/App_Code/ChatService.cs" Class="ChatService" %>
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
iadh0096-Feb-12 23:41
memberiadh0096-Feb-12 23:41 
QuestionExecuting Client Pin
TKCA25-Jan-12 21:29
memberTKCA25-Jan-12 21:29 
Questionhow is Arralist dll implemented. Pin
Member 381561630-Dec-11 15:43
memberMember 381561630-Dec-11 15:43 
Questionchat Software Pin
om_metab14-Dec-11 1:06
memberom_metab14-Dec-11 1:06 
Questionhow should i attach this application to my project Pin
pal5hah29-Nov-11 18:56
memberpal5hah29-Nov-11 18:56 
Questioni think you have a problem in get user Pin
mostafa.elsadany10-Sep-11 21:00
membermostafa.elsadany10-Sep-11 21:00 
QuestionPLEASE HELP...I GET ERRORS Pin
UNOWN30126-Aug-11 8:27
memberUNOWN30126-Aug-11 8:27 
GeneralProblem in deplying webservice on remote server Pin
kuldeepdangi9-Apr-11 4:35
memberkuldeepdangi9-Apr-11 4:35 
GeneralGreat Article Pin
vmaxp2-Mar-11 22:40
membervmaxp2-Mar-11 22:40 
Questionfailed to save in config file Pin
t srinivasa20-Feb-11 18:20
membert srinivasa20-Feb-11 18:20 
AnswerRe: failed to save in config file Pin
Param2823-Apr-11 17:52
memberParam2823-Apr-11 17:52 
GeneralPlz Reply Its vry vry Urgent..... [modified] Pin
Webgur19-Feb-11 2:06
memberWebgur19-Feb-11 2:06 
GeneralRe: Plz Reply Its vry vry Urgent..... [modified] Pin
venkatrupa18-Mar-14 5:28
membervenkatrupa18-Mar-14 5:28 
GeneralInconsistent accessibility [modified] Pin
Webgur19-Feb-11 0:27
memberWebgur19-Feb-11 0:27 
Generalquestion regarding chat server Pin
pavanbajaj9-Oct-10 9:23
memberpavanbajaj9-Oct-10 9:23 
GeneralA free web chat service for your reference ... Pin
mohangupta138-Oct-10 22:30
membermohangupta138-Oct-10 22:30 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
samunder14-Jul-10 22:02
membersamunder14-Jul-10 22:02 
GeneralInconsistent accessibility Pin
b_s_priyaa15-May-10 1:49
memberb_s_priyaa15-May-10 1:49 
GeneralRe: Inconsistent accessibility Pin
chamarajanakadanthanarayana8-Sep-10 17:51
memberchamarajanakadanthanarayana8-Sep-10 17:51 
Generalplease solve this proble Pin
Subhash0203888-Apr-10 11:49
memberSubhash0203888-Apr-10 11:49 
GeneralUnable to send message using chat application. Pin
Member 32850044-Mar-10 6:18
memberMember 32850044-Mar-10 6:18 
Generalhelp me to dibug this Pin
anandk1209873-Feb-10 6:15
memberanandk1209873-Feb-10 6:15 
QuestionInconsistent accessibility Error any advice? Pin
adam parnell29-Jan-10 10:17
memberadam parnell29-Jan-10 10:17 
GeneralIn need of your suggestions. Pin
slimtugo6-Aug-09 2:20
memberslimtugo6-Aug-09 2:20 
GeneralUnable to run the downloaded application Pin
nainakarri3-Aug-09 21:34
membernainakarri3-Aug-09 21:34 
QuestionFile Transfer and Conference Pin
mroberto200822-Jun-09 9:52
membermroberto200822-Jun-09 9:52 
GeneralConference Pin
Jobin Daniel27-May-09 20:33
memberJobin Daniel27-May-09 20:33 
GeneralRe: Conference Pin
Kennie_n20008-Dec-09 9:11
memberKennie_n20008-Dec-09 9:11 
GeneralRe: Conference Pin
ronaldovn7-Mar-10 20:15
memberronaldovn7-Mar-10 20:15 
GeneralWebservice not working Pin
adam parnell14-May-09 7:00
memberadam parnell14-May-09 7:00 
Questionhow setup this program? Pin
qomcse22-Apr-09 5:04
memberqomcse22-Apr-09 5:04 

General General    News News    Suggestion Suggestion    Question Question    Bug Bug    Answer Answer    Joke Joke    Rant Rant    Admin Admin   

Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages.

| Advertise | Privacy | Terms of Use | Mobile
Web01 | 2.8.150728.1 | Last Updated 16 May 2008
Article Copyright 2007 by Surajit Paul
Everything else Copyright © CodeProject, 1999-2015
Layout: fixed | fluid