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Create Simple Error Log Files using ASP.NET and C#

, 27 May 2002
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An article on generating text based error log files

Sample Image

Picture 1. Sample error message

Sample Image

Picture 2. Sample error log file

Overview

This article demonstrates how to create a simple text based log file to log error messages with your own format using a C# class. Based on your needs, this class can modified and edited to create other log files, such as user activity log, user login time log, etc.

This class demonstrates the use of following namespaces:

  • System.IO
  • System.Text

The namespaces contain methods to create files in directories.

Installation Step

If you have downloaded the source code, you can follow these steps to install the project. You can then build and debug the code with VS.NET.

  1. Unzip the project source to \inetpub\wwwroot\CreateLogFiles directory
  2. Give the Logs directory -in the CreateLogFiles directory- full access permission, log files will be created in this directory
  3. Create new CreateLogFiles virtual site using your IIS MMC snap in, or Internet Services Manager
  4. If you are not using CreateLogFiles virtual site, edit the file CreateLogFiles.csproj.webinfo and set the URLPath to your virtual site name
  5. Double click CreateLogFiles.csproj with VS.NET and build the project to get the dll file in the bin directory
  6. Open your browser, browse to your project using http, in this case: http://localhost/CreateLogFiles/CreateLogFiles.aspx
  7. Try to fill the TextBox, if you have an error, you can see the errorlog was created in the Logs directory

Source Code

In this project, the main idea is to create a class, CreateLogFiles, that will create files in a specific directory from the web. This class uses two namespaces:

using System.IO;
using System.Text;

Before we make a function to create an error files, we have to declare some variables that will be used in our function. This is an example of variable declaration:

private string sLogFormat;
private string sErrorTime;

public CreateLogFiles()
{
    //sLogFormat used to create log files format :
    // dd/mm/yyyy hh:mm:ss AM/PM ==> Log Message
    sLogFormat = DateTime.Now.ToShortDateString().ToString()+" "+DateTime.Now.ToLongTimeString().ToString()+" ==> ";
            
    //this variable used to create log filename format "
    //for example filename : ErrorLogYYYYMMDD
    string sYear    = DateTime.Now.Year.ToString();
    string sMonth    = DateTime.Now.Month.ToString();
    string sDay    = DateTime.Now.Day.ToString();
    sErrorTime = sYear+sMonth+sDay;
}

and this is a function that will create error files. Please modify this function for your needs, or you can make other functions to create other log files :

public void ErrorLog(string sPathName, string sErrMsg)
{
    StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(sPathName+sErrorTime,true);
    sw.WriteLine(sLogFormat + sErrMsg);
    sw.Flush();
    sw.Close();
}

To use this class, I create an example web form called: CreateLogFiles. A snapshot of this web form is shown above, picture 1. This is used to search a file in our directory. If the file exists, then no error log file is created, but when a file doesn't exist, it will create an error log file with the specific error message.

This is the code behind for this page. I call the ErrorLog function from our class when the Search button is clicked.

private void BtnFind_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    try
    {
        StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(this.TxtFilename.Text);
        sr.Read();
        sr.Close();
        Msg.Visible = true;
        Msg.Text = "File "+ this.TxtFilename.Text +" was found";
    }
    catch(Exception ex)
    {
        CreateLogFiles Err = new CreateLogFiles();
        Err.ErrorLog(Server.MapPath("Logs/ErrorLog"),ex.Message);
        Msg.Visible = true;
        Msg.Text = "Fatal error : "+ ex.Message + ", please find a complete error at ErrorLog file";
    }
}

I am using try and catch to check automatically whether file exists or not. An error message gets automatically by the Exception method.

That's it. Smile | :) You can view complete source code in the download file.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

Ali Ahmad H
Web Developer AliAhmadH
Indonesia Indonesia
Was born at Subang - West Java, Indonesia. Like all IT related information include programming and networking. Can be emailed at ali(at)aliahmadh.com

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 1 PinmvpAkhil Mittal3-Jul-14 22:55 
QuestionThanks PinmemberBBBwex16-May-14 5:09 
GeneralMy vote of 1 Pinmemberfermanakgun3-Mar-14 3:02 
QuestionNice PinmemberGanapathy A27-Aug-13 18:35 
Questionthanks good Pinmemberrose lindo23-Apr-13 21:27 
GeneralMy vote of 2 Pinmemberhims05627-Nov-12 1:11 
GeneralThanks for Article PinmemberRajeshkumar Chavada8-Aug-12 1:20 
Questionconversion problem Pinmemberviji@sampathraj13-Dec-11 20:08 
SuggestionPlease wrap disposable resources (StreamWriter & Reader) in using( ) blocks PinmemberDamon Overboe26-Oct-11 4:39 
GeneralRe: Please wrap disposable resources (StreamWriter & Reader) in using( ) blocks PinmemberAshok A23-Apr-12 13:31 
QuestionThank you! Pinmemberkrembf5-Sep-11 11:33 
Questionneed help to access Pinmembermadhri1-Aug-11 2:22 
AnswerRe: need help to access PinmemberAli Ahmad H1-Aug-11 16:41 
GeneralThanks PinmemberLubna_0419-Apr-10 16:21 
GeneralThanks! PinmemberPraveen Modi3-Apr-09 10:30 
GeneralRe: Thanks! PinmemberAli Ahmad H5-Apr-09 17:29 
GeneralSmall enhancement - DirectoryNotFoundException Pinmemberjsytniak27-Apr-07 21:04 
Generalin case of multiple users PinmemberVishalSharmaDev5-Oct-06 23:36 
hi dear
 
i need to create a log file for each and every request made to my application. now can u please tell me how can i do this with the help of this code.
 
also, please tell me that, if i, made this class and its methods static then what would be the expectations after doing that.
 
different log file should be written for each & every request.
 
please help in the matter.
 
a positive reponse is expected from all guys
 

 
Thanks & Regards
 
Vishal Sharma
vishalsharma556@yahoo.co.in

GeneralERROR LOG PinmemberRASHMIREKHA29-Mar-06 19:23 
GeneralERROR LOG PinmemberRASHMIREKHA29-Mar-06 19:21 
QuestionEvent Log Security Exception PinmemberAanchal Naidu16-Dec-05 14:33 
Generalsimple messege board PinsussAnonymous2-Oct-05 19:47 
GeneralRe: simple messege board PinsussAnonymous5-Oct-05 20:48 
GeneralLog all activities performed in my web app. Pinmemberchandler sue4-Jun-04 5:10 
GeneralRe: Log all activities performed in my web app. PinsussAnonymous21-Jun-04 15:19 

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