Click here to Skip to main content
Click here to Skip to main content

Open_Word_Excel_using_JavaScript

, 6 Aug 2011 CPOL
Rate this:
Please Sign up or sign in to vote.
This article will help you to open Word/Excel files using JavaScript

Introduction

Many times, we need to open files on Client side. Scripting languages played a strong role in such activities. JavaScript is one of the most powerful scripting languages which will allow you to open any file on client side. Window.Open(//File Path) method will help you to open any file.

Why to Use Client Side Automation

Though javascript:window.open() will let you open files, files are open in Browser. To avoid this, client side automation of Word and Excel works.

Getting Started

Define a JavaScript function on ASPX page and pass file path to that function.

Open Excel file

var objExcel;
objExcel = new ActiveXObject("Excel.Application");
objExcel.Visible = true;
objExcel.Workbooks.Open(//file Path);    

Open Word file

var objDoc;
objDoc = new ActiveXObject("Word.Application");
objDoc.Visible = true;
objDoc.Documents.Open(//file Path); 

Problem Might Occur

While dealing with ActiveXObject, mostly security threat occurs that will lead to the following error.

Word Error

Resolution

To overcome this error, we have to change the browser setting. InternetExplorer --> Tools --> InternetOntions --> Security --> Custom Level.

Select the following option:

IE Settings

Limitation

This article opens Word/Excel using ActiveX object and unfortunately, these AciveX Plugins are only supported by Internet Explorer (tested on IE6/7/8).

These objects are used to create instances of OLE Automation. Several applications (Microsoft Office Word, Microsoft Office Excel, Windows Media Player, ...) provide OLE Automation objects to allow communication with them. You can use the methods and properties supported by Automation objects in JavaScript.

Points of Interest

Client side automation is a good alternative to server side automation. Server side automation is not recommended by Microsoft itself. Here is the post.

History

  • 6th August, 2011: Initial version

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

Share

About the Author

koolprasad2003
Software Developer (Senior)
India India
MCP,MCTS.
Microsoft MVP 2014 [ASP.NET/IIS]
Click here for more .NET Tips

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 3 PinmemberMember 767875812-Oct-11 4:01 
GeneralRe: My vote of 3 Pinmemberkoolprasad200315-Nov-11 0:48 
GeneralGood for the begineers PinmemberNIRAL SONI8-Sep-11 6:25 

General General    News News    Suggestion Suggestion    Question Question    Bug Bug    Answer Answer    Joke Joke    Rant Rant    Admin Admin   

Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages.

| Advertise | Privacy | Terms of Use | Mobile
Web03 | 2.8.1411022.1 | Last Updated 6 Aug 2011
Article Copyright 2011 by koolprasad2003
Everything else Copyright © CodeProject, 1999-2014
Layout: fixed | fluid