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How to dynamically link to oleacc.dll in Visual C++ .NET

, 9 Jun 2002
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How to control the dependancy on oleacc.dll in your Visual C++ .NET applications
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Introduction

After porting one of my old VC 6.0 projects to VC 7.0, I found that all the executable files were dependant on the library oleacc.dll, which is the core file of Microsoft Active Accessibility (MSAA). Because MSAA is released in 1997, some old OSs - Windows 95, Windows NT and Windows 98 (without Active Accessibility Options installed) do not support it normally. So my program failed to run on these platforms! This has caused me quite a headache.

I checked the MFC source code and found that only these 3 procedures in oleacc.dll were called by MFC 7.0 in some member functions of class CWnd:

  • AccessibleObjectFromWindow(HWND hwnd, DWORD dwId, REFIID riid, void **ppvObject)
  • CreateStdAccessibleObject(HWND hwnd, LONG idObject, REFIID riid, void** ppvObject)
  • LresultFromObject(REFIID riid, WPARAM wParam, LPUNKNOWN punk)

After did some simple researches, I found the solution:

  1. Remove the dependence to oleacc.lib from my project
    Select "Properties..." from the "Project" menu. In the configuration tree of the dialog, select catalog "Linker" and click "Input".  Click "Ignore Specific Library" and enter "oleacc.lib".
     
  2. Write my own proxy functions
    All of these functions have the same name to the corresponding MSAA APIs. In these functions, I dynamically load oldacc.dll, and then call the corresponding procedures in oleacc.dll if it is loaded successfully. I encapsulated these function to 2 files: oleaccproxy.h and oleaccproxy.cpp and then added the them to my project. The source code for the proxy is shown below.
     
  3. Rebuild the project
    After rebuilt the project, the output executable file does not depend on oleacc.dll and if MSAA is present on target platform, the MSAA features will still function properly.

Source Code

The header file

#pragma once

typedef LRESULT (_stdcall *pfnAccessibleObjectFromWindow)(HWND hwnd, DWORD dwId, 
                                                    REFIID riid, void **ppvObject);
typedef LRESULT (_stdcall *pfnCreateStdAccessibleObject)(HWND hwnd, LONG idObject, 
                                                    REFIID riid, void** ppvObject);
typedef LRESULT (_stdcall *pfnLresultFromObject)(REFIID riid, WPARAM wParam, 
                                                    LPUNKNOWN punk);

class COleaccProxy
{
public:
    COleaccProxy(void);
    virtual ~COleaccProxy(void);

private:
    static HMODULE m_hModule;
    static BOOL m_bFailed;
    
public:
    static void Init(void);
    static pfnAccessibleObjectFromWindow m_pfnAccessibleObjectFromWindow;
    static pfnCreateStdAccessibleObject m_pfnCreateStdAccessibleObject;
    static pfnLresultFromObject m_pfnLresultFromObject;
};

The implementation file

#include "StdAfx.h"
#include "oleaccproxy.h"


extern "C" LRESULT _stdcall AccessibleObjectFromWindow(HWND hwnd, DWORD dwId, 
                                                       REFIID riid, void **ppvObject)
{
    COleaccProxy::Init();
    return COleaccProxy::m_pfnAccessibleObjectFromWindow ? 
       COleaccProxy::m_pfnAccessibleObjectFromWindow(hwnd, dwId, riid, ppvObject) : 0;
}

extern "C" LRESULT _stdcall CreateStdAccessibleObject(HWND hwnd, LONG idObject, 
                                                      REFIID riid, void** ppvObject)
{
    COleaccProxy::Init();
    return COleaccProxy::m_pfnCreateStdAccessibleObject ? 
       COleaccProxy::m_pfnCreateStdAccessibleObject(hwnd, idObject, riid, ppvObject) : 0;
}

extern "C" LRESULT _stdcall LresultFromObject(REFIID riid, WPARAM wParam, LPUNKNOWN punk)
{
    COleaccProxy::Init();
    return COleaccProxy::m_pfnLresultFromObject ? 
       COleaccProxy::m_pfnLresultFromObject(riid, wParam, punk) : 0;
}

HMODULE COleaccProxy::m_hModule = NULL;
BOOL COleaccProxy::m_bFailed = FALSE;

pfnAccessibleObjectFromWindow COleaccProxy::m_pfnAccessibleObjectFromWindow = NULL;
pfnCreateStdAccessibleObject COleaccProxy::m_pfnCreateStdAccessibleObject = NULL;
pfnLresultFromObject COleaccProxy::m_pfnLresultFromObject = NULL;

COleaccProxy::COleaccProxy(void)
{
}

COleaccProxy::~COleaccProxy(void)
{
}

void COleaccProxy::Init(void)
{
    if (!m_hModule && !m_bFailed)
    {
        m_hModule = ::LoadLibrary(_T("oleacc.dll"));
        if (!m_hModule)
        {
            m_bFailed = TRUE;
            return;
        }

        m_pfnAccessibleObjectFromWindow
             = (pfnAccessibleObjectFromWindow)::GetProcAddress(m_hModule, 
                                                          _T("AccessibleObjectFromWindow"));
        m_pfnCreateStdAccessibleObject
             = (pfnCreateStdAccessibleObject)::GetProcAddress(m_hModule, 
                                                          _T("CreateStdAccessibleObject"));
        m_pfnLresultFromObject = (pfnLresultFromObject)::GetProcAddress(m_hModule, 
                                                          _T("LresultFromObject"));
    }
}

License

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About the Author

Chen Hao
Web Developer
China China
Chen Hao is a programmer of SourceTec Software Co., LTD.
He began to program since 1992 and programming became
one of the most important things in his life since then.
 
His most recent projects were Sothink SWF Quicker and
Sothink SWF Decompiler.

Comments and Discussions

 
Generaldlls Pinmemberfcvjapan9-May-06 5:10 
Generalthe window close after the program run Pinsussysf025-Jul-05 1:25 
QuestionHow to get chiness String (Unicode) PinmemberLao Jing Lu20-Jun-04 23:57 
GeneralLinking error Pinmemberdiegoaso15-Mar-04 11:55 
QuestionHow do U Link a ini file in Visual C++? PinmemberDrRayen5-Mar-04 9:29 
GeneralFinding dialogs Pinmemberp_khasnis26-Dec-03 0:14 
GeneralAbout the SAFEARRAY** when using an AcgtiveX DLL Pinmemberblueeyesblue9-Nov-03 6:31 
Generaldo you have helper.... Pinmemberfiresw28-May-03 0:18 
GeneralThanks a lot Pinmemberzhangzq7116-Apr-03 7:48 
Generalwhen using UNICODE Pinmemberzxmjp0724-Mar-03 5:51 
Generalthanks PinsussKammerer Volker10-Jan-03 4:16 
GeneralQ325014 Addresses This Issue PinmemberJeff Briggs7-Nov-02 17:06 
GeneralRe: Q325014 Addresses This Issue PinmemberDavid Vest8-Mar-03 7:46 
GeneralProblems PinmemberDenes25-Oct-02 6:37 
AnswerRe: Problems Pinmembersajithomas23-Oct-09 1:35 
GeneralUse delayload PinmemberRama Krishna12-Jun-02 4:37 
GeneralRe: Use delayload PinmemberChen Hao13-Jun-02 16:57 
GeneralRe: Use delayload PinsussPieter Greyling15-Aug-02 9:46 
GeneralRe: Use delayload PinsussJaro20-Aug-02 0:24 
GeneralRe: Use delayload PinsussAnonymous11-Oct-02 18:03 
GeneralGreat !! Thank you Pinmemberluca_covolo29-Nov-02 1:42 

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