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HTML reporting with page break, using XSL and CSS

, 16 Mar 2008 CPOL
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One possible way to build an HTML report that has a dynamic number of pages.

Preview of report, version A:

Preview of Report A

Preview of report, version B:

Preview of Report B

Introduction

This article describes one possible way to build an HTML report that has a dynamic number of pages. I used this technique to solve break-page issue while developing XSL reports on a Web application.

Background

The layout is designed to be printed on the A4 paper size. The data, stored in an XML file, is passed as input for the XSL transformation.

The Code

We can analyze two cases of the same invoice report where the number of pages depends on the order quantity. The first case is a report that contains a document header (recipient address) on all pages. In the second case, the document header is only on the first page. The main difference between the cases is the calculation of the size of the detail section (OrderRows, in this sample).

In order to obtain the report, I wrote the code as below:

  1. ReportHeader - XSL variable containing the image logo and the tiTitle of the document.
  2. DocumentRecipient - XSL variable containing information about the customer.
  3. OrderHeader - XSL variable containing information about the order.
  4. OrderRowsHeader - XSL variable containing the header table about the ordered products.
  5. OrderRows - XSL for-each on order rows data. Exactly 40 rows for each page on report version A, 40 rows on first page and 46 rows on all next pages on report version B.
  6. Filler - XSL template containing the blank rows necessary to reach the size of the page.
  7. ReportFooter - XSL variable containing the footer of the report (business address).
  8. OrderTotals - XSL variable containing the total amount of the invoice (printed only on the last page).

The CSS page-break command:

  <style type="text/css">
    .pagebreak {page-break-after: always;}
  </style>

Points of Interest

Use of page-break: how to calculate the number of rows and exactly point to put a page-break command.

Case of report version A:

    <xsl:for-each select="Order/OrderRows/OrderRow">
        <table class="tabledetails" cellspacing="0" style="table-layout:fixed">
            <tr>
                <td class="tdmargin" />
                <td style="width:70px" align="right" class="blueline">
                    <xsl:value-of select="ProductID" />
                    <xsl:value-of select="translate(' ', ' ', '&#160;')"/>
                </td>
                <td class="blueline" style="width:220px" >
                    <xsl:value-of select="ProductName" />
                    <xsl:value-of select="translate(' ', ' ', '&#160;')"/>
                </td>
                <td style="width:50px" align="right" class="blueline">
                    <xsl:value-of select="Quantity" />
                    <xsl:value-of select="translate(' ', ' ', '&#160;')"/>
                </td>
                <td style="width:50px" align="right" class="blueline">
                    <xsl:value-of select="concat('$ ', UnitPrice)" />
                    <xsl:value-of select="translate(' ', ' ', '&#160;')"/>
                </td>
                <td style="width:50px" align="right" class="blueline">
                    <xsl:value-of select="concat(Discount, ' %')" />
                    <xsl:value-of select="translate(' ', ' ', '&#160;')"/>
                </td>
                <td style="width:100px" align="right" class="blueline">
                    <xsl:value-of select="concat('$ ', ExtendedPrice)" />
                    <xsl:value-of select="translate(' ', ' ', '&#160;')"/>
                </td>
                <td class="tdmargin" />
            </tr>
        </table>
        <xsl:if test="(position() mod 40) = 0 ">
            <!--<span class="code-comment">40 rows per page--></span>
            <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="1" />
            </xsl:call-template>

            <xsl:copy-of select="$ReportFooter" />

            <br class="pagebreak" />
            
            <xsl:copy-of select="$ReportHeader" />

            <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="1" />
            </xsl:call-template>

            <xsl:copy-of select="$OrderRecipient"/>

            <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="1" />
            </xsl:call-template>

            <xsl:copy-of select="$OrderHeader"/>

            <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="1" />
            </xsl:call-template>

            <xsl:copy-of select="$OrderRowsHeader"/>

        </xsl:if>
    </xsl:for-each>

Case of report version B:

     <xsl:for-each select="Order/OrderRows/OrderRow">        
      <!--<span class="code-comment"> ... --></span> 
    <xsl:choose>
            <!--<span class="code-comment"> case of only one page--></span>
            <xsl:when test="(position() mod 40 = 0 and position() = 40)">
                <!--<span class="code-comment">40 rows per page--></span>
                <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                    <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="1" />
                </xsl:call-template>
    
                <xsl:copy-of select="$ReportFooter" />
    
                <br class="pagebreak" />
    
                <xsl:copy-of select="$ReportHeader" />
    
                <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                    <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="2" />
                </xsl:call-template>
    
                <xsl:copy-of select="$OrderRowsHeader"/>
                
            </xsl:when>
            <!--<span class="code-comment"> case of more than one page--></span>
            <xsl:otherwise>
                <xsl:if test="(40 - position() mod 46) = 0 and 
                              position() &gt; (40 + position() mod 40)">
                    <!--<span class="code-comment">46 rows per page--></span>
                    <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                        <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="1" />
                    </xsl:call-template>
    
                    <xsl:copy-of select="$ReportFooter" />
    
                    <br class="pagebreak" />
    
                    <xsl:copy-of select="$ReportHeader" />
    
                    <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                        <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="2" />
                    </xsl:call-template>
    
                    <xsl:copy-of select="$OrderRowsHeader"/>
    
                </xsl:if>
    
            </xsl:otherwise>
        </xsl:choose>
    </xsl:for-each>

The filler template:

    <!--<span class="code-comment"> Template Filler--></span>
    <xsl:template name="Filler">
        <xsl:param name="fillercount" select="1"/>
        <xsl:if test="$fillercount > 0">
            <table class="tabledetails">
                <tr>
                    <td>
                        <xsl:value-of select="translate(' ', ' ', '&#160;')"/>
                    </td>
                </tr>
            </table>
            <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="$fillercount - 1"/>
            </xsl:call-template>
        </xsl:if>
    </xsl:template>

Simple use of the filler template: add blank rows:

  <!--<span class="code-comment"> Add two blank row --></span>
  <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
    <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="2" />
  </xsl:call-template>

Use of the filler template: how to calculate the number of blank rows on the last page:

    <xsl:choose>
        <!--<span class="code-comment"> case of only one page--></span>
        <xsl:when test="count(Order/OrderRows/OrderRow) &lt;= 40">
            <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" 
                   select="40 - (count(Order/OrderRows/OrderRow))"/>
            </xsl:call-template>
        </xsl:when>
        <!--<span class="code-comment"> case of more than one page--></span>
        <xsl:otherwise>
            <xsl:call-template name="Filler">
                <!--<span class="code-comment">(Rows per page = 40) -  (Rows in current page) - 
                    (Total Order rows = 3 ) - (Filler Row = 1)--></span>
                <xsl:with-param name="fillercount" select="40 - 
                   ( ( count(Order/OrderRows/OrderRow)-40 ) mod 40 ) - 3 - 1"/>
            </xsl:call-template>
        </xsl:otherwise>
    </xsl:choose>

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Martin Garcia
Software Developer (Senior) BrisConnections Operations Pty Ltd
Australia Australia
Senior Software Developer on Microsoft and Unix-like environments. Senior Data Analyst and Database Developer in particular on the MSSQL and MySQL platforms

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralItems with severall lines Pinmemberpedroalvesimediata20-Apr-09 5:45 
GeneralRe: Items with severall lines PinmemberMartin Garcia20-Apr-09 6:54 
GeneralRe: Items with severall lines PinmemberMartin Garcia20-Apr-09 7:02 

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