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Rounding a DateTime object to a defined number of minutes

, 23 Mar 2008 CPOL
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A simple two line function to round a DateTime up, down, or to a nearest defined number of minutes.

Introduction

Rounding a DateTime up (or down) to the nearest number of minutes seems a simple requirement, but is surprisingly unintuitive due to the relationships and different properties of DateTime and TimeSpan classes.

I've come across some pretty dreadful examples on the web, so thought I'd post a much simpler (and faster) one.

Using the code

This function accepts the number of minutes to be rounded to.

public enum eRoundingDirection { up, down, nearest }

public DateTime RoundDateTime(DateTime dt, int minutes, eRoundingDirection direction)

{
  TimeSpan t;

  switch (direction)
  {
    case eRoundingDirection.up:
      t = (dt.Subtract(DateTime.MinValue)).Add(new TimeSpan(0, minutes, 0)); break;
    case eRoundingDirection.down:
      t = (dt.Subtract(DateTime.MinValue)); break;
    default:
      t = (dt.Subtract(DateTime.MinValue)).Add(new TimeSpan(0, minutes / 2, 0)); break;
  }

  return DateTime.MinValue.Add(new TimeSpan(0, 
         (((int)t.TotalMinutes) / minutes) * minutes, 0));
}

Points of interest

Why use "default:" instead of "nearest"? Simply because it saves defining a default value for the TimeSpan.

Integer math helps keep this function speedy, and avoids those tricky rounding errors in the milliseconds.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Jason Sobell
CEO QuestMetrics
Australia Australia
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralSo so PinmvpLuc Pattyn6-Mar-10 10:30 
GeneralExcellent code! PinmemberKebrite6-Feb-10 23:17 
GeneralRe: Excellent code! PinmemberJason Sobell7-Feb-10 2:19 
GeneralVery Interesting Pinmembermerlin98124-Mar-08 5:28 

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