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Loading a treeview to n levels

, 25 Mar 2008
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A recursive method to load a treeview to n levels


Treeviews are comonly used in many websites where different categories are required to display. A Tree structure may have n levels. This is why, a suitable piece of code may be required, that enables the binding upto n levels. Another example may be a directory structure like we have in windows.


This chunk of code is efficient in a sense that it uses recursion. I have seen some snippets of code around internet where they include one or more columns in the database to correctly populate the treeview.

We define a recursive method as a method that calls it self until a certain condition becomes true. For example:

The code above calculates the factorial of a number for example: factorial of 3 is 3 * 2 * 1. More information on recursion can be found here : Recursion

Using the code

Categories are generally designed in a unique manner, where one category has exactly one parent and one or more children. Thus we design our table with three columns that is NodeID, ParentID and NodeText where 'Node' stands for a category. '-1' can be choosen act as a ParentID for the root level Nodes. All other nodes having ParentID other than '-1' will exist under Root Level Nodes under their specific Parent Nodes.

2-1North America
3-1South America
70South Asia
98Federal Area
1110G 11
1211Sector 1

Here is the code that I am using to populate the tree.

It includes a recusive function, that adds the nodes to n levels. The function GetData() is simply returning the child nodes of a parent node. You can use it like a select query or you can read all categories in the database at once and can make this function iterate on rows as I am doing for this sample code with ReadData().

The above code will produce the following treeview:

Points of Interest

One can also use XML to store the data. In that case data will be read in a dataset or using a parsing mechanism depending upon the requirements. Remember that we have post back properties for the treeview control, so you will be able to navigate user to the required pages when a particular node is clicked.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

M Usman
Software Developer Marriala Technologies
Pakistan Pakistan
Muhammad Usman
Software Developer,

Comments and Discussions

GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberMember 1023653327-Aug-13 17:28 
QuestionMany Thanks for this gem... PinmemberMember 1023653327-Aug-13 17:28 
Questiongreat solution Pinmemberdela030428-Dec-12 10:12 
Questionthanks Pinmembercoolnavjot3122-May-12 0:59 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberme bill gates16-Dec-10 8:08 
Generalproblem in horizontal view Pinmemberskhurams5-Dec-10 20:46 
GeneralMy vote of 1 Pinmembervickybond12327-Dec-08 1:54 
GeneralRe: My vote of 1 Pinmembermdmahmudkhan8-Apr-12 19:17 
GeneralExcellent Pinmembererikdraven9-Sep-08 6:30 
Generalhello PinmemberAamir Mustafa28-Mar-08 3:24 
GeneralSimple and smart PinmemberRicardo borges26-Mar-08 16:01 
GeneralRe: Simple and smart PinmemberM Usman27-Mar-08 2:02 
GeneralGoood Article PinmemberAamir Mustafa26-Mar-08 2:47 
GeneralNice Article Pinmemberinetfly12325-Mar-08 7:22 

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