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Guestbook for ASP.NET

, 19 Jun 2002
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An ASP.NET application written from the ground up, that presents a guestbook.

Sample Image - Guestbook.gif

Contents

Introduction

It is a project permitting people to sign a guestbook on a website. The project is built in two parts:

  • Signing the guestbook.
  • Viewing the guestbook.

Database

The guestbook will be stored in an XML file on the server, named guestbook.xml. The encoding of the XML file is changed to ISO-8859-1 to be able to handle special characters. Here is the structure of the XML file:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" ?>
<guestbook>
    <guest private="yes">
        <name>Laurent Kemp?t;/name>

You will be prompted to enter the following information:

  • Name
  • E-Mail
  • Homepage title
  • Homepage URL
  • Location
  • Comments
  • PRIVATE - I only want the web site owner to see my email

Application

To be free to change the way the guestbook is displayed, it is needed to separate the coding from the data. To achieve this requirement, I chose to use XSLT to transform the XML file to an HTML file returned to the client.

Signing

The page that will permit people to sign the guestbook is the Web Form called 'Sign.aspx'. This page will require that the user fill some textboxes with information to be displayed on the guestbook. To be able to validate the information, we use RequiredFieldValidator. We also use a RegularExpressionValidator to validate the email address.

When the guest has filled all his information, he presses the Continue button and the page gets back the event in the method ButtonContinue_Click. The method loads the XML database, retrieves the information entered by the guest and adds them at the beginning of the XML file. Then the new database is saved on the server disk and the guest is redirected to the view page.

private void ButtonContinue_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    //Load guestbook database
    XmlDocument xmldoc = new XmlDocument();
    xmldoc.Load( Server.MapPath("guestbook.xml") );

    //Get private status
    string strPrivate;
    if ( CheckBoxPrivate.Checked )
        strPrivate = "yes";
    else
        strPrivate = "no";

    //Create a new element
    XmlElement elem = xmldoc.CreateElement("guest");
    elem.SetAttribute("private", strPrivate);

    //Add the new guest as the first node
    xmldoc.DocumentElement.PrependChild(elem);

    addTextElement( xmldoc, elem, "name", TextBoxName.Text );
    addTextElement( xmldoc, elem, "email", TextBoxEMail.Text );
    addTextElement( xmldoc, elem, "homepage", TextBoxHomepageTitle.Text );

    XmlAttribute newAttr = xmldoc.CreateAttribute("url");
    newAttr.Value = TextBoxHomepageURL.Text;

    elem.LastChild.Attributes.Append( newAttr );
    
    addTextElement( xmldoc, elem, "location", TextBoxLocation.Text );
    addTextElement( xmldoc, elem, "comment", TextBoxComments.Text );

    //Write date
    string strDate = DateTime.Now.ToLongDateString() + 
                     " - " + 
                     DateTime.Now.ToLongTimeString(); 

    addTextElement( xmldoc, elem, "date", strDate );

    xmldoc.Save( Server.MapPath("guestbook.xml") );

    Response.Redirect("view.aspx");
}

We use the method addTextElement to build the new guest entry into the database:

private void addTextElement( XmlDocument doc, XmlElement nodeParent, 
                             string strTag, string strValue )
{
    XmlElement nodeElem = doc.CreateElement( strTag );
    XmlText nodeText = doc.CreateTextNode( strValue );
    nodeParent.AppendChild( nodeElem );
    nodeElem.AppendChild( nodeText );
}

Viewing

To view all guestbook entries, we add another Web Form called 'View.aspx' to the project. In the Page_Load method of the page, we load the XML database and the XSLT file. We do the transformation and output the result in a Literal Web Form control.

private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    //Load guestbook database from the xml file
    XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument( );
    doc.Load( Server.MapPath("guestbook.xml") );

    // Get the page number asked
    string strPageAsked = Request.QueryString["page"];

    // If the page is not defined then set it to first one
    if ( strPageAsked == null )
    {
        strPageAsked = "1";
    }

    int nGuestPerPage = 5;
    int nGuests = doc.ChildNodes[1].ChildNodes.Count;

    int nPageAsked = System.Convert.ToInt32(strPageAsked);

    int lowerbound = 1 + ( nPageAsked - 1 ) * nGuestPerPage;
    int upperbound = lowerbound + nGuestPerPage - 1;

    //Do XSLT transformation
    XslTransform xslt = new XslTransform();
    xslt.Load( Server.MapPath("guestbook.xslt") );

    //Build XLST Param list
    XsltArgumentList xsltArgs = new XsltArgumentList();
    xsltArgs.AddParam("lowerbound", "", lowerbound.ToString());
    xsltArgs.AddParam("upperbound", "", upperbound.ToString());

    //Transform XML to HTML
    MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream();
    xslt.Transform( doc, xsltArgs, ms );
    ms.Seek( 0, SeekOrigin.Begin );

    StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(ms);

    //Insert result in the View.aspx page
    LiteralGuests.Text = sr.ReadToEnd();

    //Insert the pages navigator at the bottom of the page
    int nPages = 0;
    
    if (( nGuests % nGuestPerPage) != 0 )
        nPages = 1 + (nGuests / nGuestPerPage);
    else
        nPages = (nGuests / nGuestPerPage);

    LiteralGuests.Text += "Page(s) ";

    for (int n = 1; n <= nPages; n++)
    {
        LiteralGuests.Text += "<font face='verdana' size='2'>"
        LiteralGuests.Text += "<a href='/Guestbook/View.aspx?page=";
        LiteralGuests.Text += n.ToString();
        LiteralGuests.Text += "'>";
        LiteralGuests.Text += n.ToString();
        LiteralGuests.Text += "</a></font> ";
    }

    sr.Close();
}

All transformation from XML to HTML is done in the guestbook.xslt file. This transformation requests two parameters: lowerbound and upperbound, representing the lower and upper indexed values according to the guestbook page to display. Basically, what we do is to loop from lower bound to upper bound and do the transformation:

<xsl:for-each 
  select="//guest[position() <= $upperbound and position() >= $lowerbound]">
    <xsl:apply-templates select="name"/>
</xsl:for-each>

This is, for example, the transformation used to display a guest with its email, if it is not defined as private:

<xsl:template match="name">
    <xsl:choose>
        <xsl:when test="../@private='yes'">
            <font face="verdana" size="2">
                <b><xsl:value-of select='.' /></b>
            </font>
        </xsl:when>
        <xsl:otherwise>
            <font face="verdana" size="2">
                <b><a HREF="mailto:{../email}"><xsl:value-of select='.' ></a></b>
            </font>
        </xsl:otherwise>
    </xsl:choose>
</xsl:template>

You may look at the file guestbook.xslt for further details.

Conclusion

I would say that you gain to separate data from processes, and in this matter, XML helps a lot. If you would like to change the looks of the guestbook view, you need only to change the guestbook.xslt file.

Problems Faced

  • None.

History

  • Version 1.00 - May 30 2002

    First release.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

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About the Author

Laurent Kempé
Architect
France France

Laurent Kempé is the editor, founder, and primary contributor of Tech Head Brothers, a French portal about Microsoft .NET technologies.

He is currently employed by Innoveo Solutions since 10/2007 as a Senior Solution Architect and certified Scrum Master.

Founder, owner and Managing Partner of Jobping, which provides a unique and efficient platform for connecting Microsoft skilled job seekers with employers using Microsoft technologies.

Laurent is awarded by Microsoft since Avril 2002: Most Valuable Professional (MVP).

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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralSign it on my site: Tech Head PinmemberLaurent Kempé16-Dec-02 19:56 
GeneralRe: Sign it on my site: Tech Head PinsussSeth Snyder11-Jul-05 19:24 

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