One of my sites is a phpBB forum and I extended it recently with a new functionality. Users can download a small C# application and they can track posts by keywords. My users were pleased, and I decided to add new features, like posting inside the application. The problem was how to login the users, so I will explain in this article how to create/keep/use the session.
The most important part is how C# and phpBB manages cookies.
Using the code
The first step is to prepare the post data which will be sent to the forum, as a byte array. It will contain all the information required by the login process: username, password. An important parameter is the one called "
redirect", because the login.php script will redirect to the main page when login succeeds. In this case, no cookies will be received. The point is to specify an invalid redirect parameter so that phpBB will stop the execution (so that cookies can be received).
StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
_user + "&password=" + _password + "&redirect=\n");
byte data = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(builder.ToString());
Next, get the cookies sent by phpBB:
string keys = response.Headers.GetValues("Set-Cookie");>
The cookies should contain these two parameters:
phpbb2mysql_data which is a serialized array containing the user ID and other information,
phpbb2mysql_sid which is the session key. If the username and password are not correct,
phpbb2mysql_data will contain a -1 which indicates that login failed.
If login succeeds, information like
phpbb2mysql_data, and the user name are stored in a file by using serialization. The tricky part is that this information changes over time. During the next request to the forum, the phpBB will check your session in the database and update it. This means that at every request sent, we need to update the cookies using the latest ones.
Here is how to initialise the class:
PhpBBLogin.Instance.Domain = "www.your-domain.com";
PhpBBLogin.Instance.ValidityDaysForKey = 5;
PhpBBLogin.Instance.OnError += new EventHandler(Instance_OnError);
PhpBBLogin.Instance.OnLoginFinish += new EventHandler(Instance_OnLoginFinish);
PhpBBLogin.Instance.OnLogoutFinish += new EventHandler(Instance_OnLogoutFinish);
How to login:
Creating a new post when the user is logged:
string message="new post";
int f=1; string post="Post";
"subject=" + subject + "&" +
"message=" + message + "&" +
"topictype=" + topictype + "&" +
"f=" + f + "&" +
"post=" + post+"&"+
- Version 1.0: Submitted on 5.4.2008.