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Data Conversions

, 28 Jun 2002 357.6K 139
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These are a few samples of data conversions which you can use for a quick reference

Introduction

Here are a few data conversions with small examples :-

Decimal Conversions

Decimal To Hex

// Use _itoa( ) function and set radix to 16.

char hexstring[10]; 
int number = 30;
itoa( number, hexstring, 16);

// In hexstring is 1e.

Hex To Decimal

// You can use strtol function and you can specify base. 

char * hexstring= "ABCDEF";
char * p;
int number = strtol(hexstring, &p,16);

//  A function that does this

bool HexToDecimal (char* HexNumber, int& Number)
{ 
    char* pStopString; 
    Number = strtol (HexNumber, &pStopString, 16);
    return (bool)(Number != LONG_MAX);
}

Decimal to time

char *DecToTime(float fTime, char *szTime)
{
    int nHrs, nMin, nSec; 
    fTime *= 3600;
    nHrs = (int)fTime / 3600;
    nMin = (int)(fTime - nHrs * 3600) / 60;
    nSec = (int)(fTime - nHrs * 3600 - nMin * 60);
    wsprintf(szTime, "%02d.%02d.%02d Hrs.Min.Sec.", nHrs, nMin, nSec);
    return szTime;
}

String Conversions

String to Hex

sscanf(string, %04X, &your_word16);
// where string = your string and 
// 04 = length of your string and X = hex

Hex to CString

CString Str;
unsigned char Write_Buff[1];
Write_Buff[0] = 0x01;
Str.Format("0x0%x",Write_Buff[0]);

COleVariant to CString

CString strTemp;
COleVariant Var;
Var = "FirstName";
strTemp = Var.bstrVal;
AfxMessageBox(strTemp);

CString to char pointer

CString MyString = "ABCDEF";
char * szMyString = (char *) (LPCTSTR) MyString;
char *pBuffer = new char[1024];
CString strBuf = "Test";
pBuffer = strBuf.GetBuffer(sizeof(pBuffer));

char pointer to CString

char * mystring = "12345";
CString string = mystring;

Double to CString including the fractional part

CString strValue,strInt, strDecimal;
int decimal,sign;
double dValue = 4.125;
strValue = _fcvt(dValue,6,&decimal,&sign); 
    // Now decimal contains 1 because there is 
    // only one digit before the .

strInt = strValue.Left(decimal); // strInt contains 4
strDecimal = strValue.Mid(decimal); // strDecimal contains 125

CString strFinalVal;
strFinalVal.Format("%s.%s",strInt,strDecimal); 
    // strFinalVal contains 4.125

Double To CString

CString strValue;
int decimal,sign;

double dValue = 123456789101112;
strValue = _ecvt(dValue,15,&decimal,&sign);

CString To Double

strValue = "121110987654321";
dValue = atof(strValue);

CString to LPCSTR

CString str1 = _T("My String");
int nLen = str1.GetLength();
LPCSTR lpszBuf = str1.GetBuffer(nLen);
// here do something with lpszBuf...........
str1.ReleaseBuffer();

CString to LPSTR

CString str = _T("My String");
int nLen = str.GetLength();
LPTSTR lpszBuf = str.GetBuffer(nLen);
// here do something with lpszBuf...........
str.ReleaseBuffer();

CString to WCHAR*

CString str = "A string here" ;
LPWSTR lpszW = new WCHAR[255];

LPTSTR lpStr = str.GetBuffer( str.GetLength() );
int nLen = MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0,lpStr, -1, NULL, NULL);
MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0, lpStr, -1, lpszW, nLen);
AFunctionUsesWCHAR( lpszW );
delete[] lpszW;

LPTSTR to LPWSTR

int nLen = MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0, lptStr, -1, NULL, NULL);
MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0, lptStr, -1, lpwStr, nLen);

string to BSTR

string ss = "Girish";
BSTR _bstr_home = A2BSTR(ss.c_str());

CString to BSTR

CString str = "whatever" ;
BSTR resultsString = str.AllocSysString(); 

_bstr_t to CString

#include <ANSIAPI.H>
#include <comdef.h>
_bstr_t bsText("Hai Bayram");
CString strName;
W2A(bsText, strName.GetBuffer(256), 256);
strName.ReleaseBuffer();
AfxMessageBox(strName);

char szFileName[256];
GetModuleFileName(NULL,szFileName,256);
AfxMessageBox(szFileName);

Character arrays

Char array to integer

char MyArray[20];
int nValue;

nValue = atoi(MyArray);

Char array to float

char MyArray[20];
float fValue;

fValue = atof(MyArray);

Char Pointer to double

char *str = " -343.23 "; 
double dVal; 
dVal = atof( str );

Char Pointer to integer

char *str = " -343.23 "; 
int iVal;
iVal = atoi( str );

Char Pointer to long

char *str = "99999"; 
long lVal; 
lVal = atol( str );

Char* to BSTR

char * p = "whatever";
_bstr_t bstr = p;

Float to WORD and Vice Versa

float fVar;
WORD wVar;
fVar = 247.346;
wVar = (WORD)fVar; //Converting from float to WORD. 
    //The value in wVar would be 247

wVar = 247;
fVar = (float)fVar; //Converting from WORD to float. 
    //The value in fVar would be 247.00

Conclusion

All luck and have a great time. I've checked most of the code above, but if I've been wrong somewhere, I'd like to know about it so that I can modify it. Thank you.

License

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VGirish
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India India
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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
nand sharma24-Apr-13 22:35
membernand sharma24-Apr-13 22:35 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
lbsx30-Dec-11 20:50
memberlbsx30-Dec-11 20:50 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
jhoesche0229-Mar-11 10:32
memberjhoesche0229-Mar-11 10:32 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
goldenrose918-Jan-11 4:14
membergoldenrose918-Jan-11 4:14 
GeneralUTF-8 to ASCII string Pin
prashu1002-Jul-10 21:42
memberprashu1002-Jul-10 21:42 
QuestionConversion of BYTE to CString and Viceversa Pin
g_satish9-Sep-09 1:02
memberg_satish9-Sep-09 1:02 
GeneralVery useful Pin
Mike Hankey13-Jul-08 12:50
memberMike Hankey13-Jul-08 12:50 
GeneralData Conversion Pin
priestnall11-Jul-08 7:55
memberpriestnall11-Jul-08 7:55 
QuestionI would realy apreciate it if someone could reply before this thursday. Pin
zedon29-Apr-08 7:29
memberzedon29-Apr-08 7:29 
QuestionHow can i convert the CString(example: chinese font) to UTF8 ? Pin
Member 263478330-Dec-07 5:15
memberMember 263478330-Dec-07 5:15 
QuestionConversion of CString to uchar Pin
Ramya Suvarna17-Jul-07 17:45
memberRamya Suvarna17-Jul-07 17:45 
Generalthanx Pin
sony fernando23-May-07 19:04
membersony fernando23-May-07 19:04 
GeneralThanx Pin
smzhaq22-May-07 4:44
membersmzhaq22-May-07 4:44 
GeneralCString to const WCHAR* Pin
smzhaq22-May-07 3:37
membersmzhaq22-May-07 3:37 
QuestionHow to convert a CString to _bstr_t Pin
ganesa moorthy10-Apr-07 1:32
memberganesa moorthy10-Apr-07 1:32 
AnswerRe: How to convert a CString to _bstr_t Pin
J-D20-Apr-07 4:35
memberJ-D20-Apr-07 4:35 
QuestionHow to convert CString to wstring? Pin
Sunil Jampa2-Jan-07 23:05
memberSunil Jampa2-Jan-07 23:05 
Questionwhere can i find the sample conversion of WideCharToMultiByte? Pin
SKhokalay22-Sep-06 0:50
memberSKhokalay22-Sep-06 0:50 
AnswerRe: where can i find the sample conversion of WideCharToMultiByte? Pin
metmac12-Aug-07 1:17
membermetmac12-Aug-07 1:17 
Generalconverting byte array to hex string [modified] Pin
ranu_hai26-Jul-06 20:43
memberranu_hai26-Jul-06 20:43 
QuestionCString usage / conversion Pin
jpl7818-May-06 0:35
memberjpl7818-May-06 0:35 
AnswerRe: CString usage / conversion Pin
metmac12-Aug-07 1:32
membermetmac12-Aug-07 1:32 
GeneralDouble to CString suggestion Pin
l00p1n62-Nov-05 12:50
memberl00p1n62-Nov-05 12:50 
GeneralRe: Double to CString suggestion Pin
lagsita25-Apr-06 23:19
memberlagsita25-Apr-06 23:19 
GeneralBug in Double to CString Pin
viki66625-Aug-05 0:55
memberviki66625-Aug-05 0:55 

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