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OGLTools, A OOP solution to OpenGL programming

, 15 Jul 2002
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A set of classes designed to make programming of OpenGL easier

Sample Image - ogltools.jpg

Introduction

This article presents a set of helper classes that encapsulates OpenGL handling and really makes the programmer's life easier (and happier).

This piece of code was originally been written by W.Weyna 'Voytec'. All I did was to publish it to CodeProject.

Here are the main features of the package:

  • GL context creation and destruction,
  • Double buffering support (of course),
  • Rendering to bitmap (Woww that's nice feature),
  • Export to clipboard, jpeg, bmp, dib,
  • Texture loading and management,

The main class: CWGL

CWGL is a Windows OpenGL rendering interface class. This header defines also a few interfacing wgl_ inlines.

The idea behind the CWGL is to make use of OpenGL in Microsoft Windows as simple as possible.

Under Windows only one OpenGL rendering context may be active in a single thread. CWGL helps you write a single threaded Windows application which need more than one OpenGL rendering context.

Usage:

  • Optionally, set different pixelformat if you are not satisfied with CWGL's default one.
  • Enable OpenGL, telling it where it should render.
    wgl.Begin(&windowOrBitmapDC);
  • Call OpenGL API functions to do the rendering.
  • Disable OpenGL, first optionally showing the rendered image.
    wgl.End();

Examples:

  1. In MFC view, render to window's backbuffer and swap buffers.
    //  CView.h
    
    CWGL m_wgl;
    //  CView.cpp
    CView::OnDraw(pDC)
    {
        m_wgl.Begin(pDC);
        glClearColor(1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 0.0);
        glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);
        m_wgl.End();
    }
  2. Render on DIB section GDI object and copy it to clipboard.
    CRGBSurface tmpSurf;    // CRGBSurface encapsulates a DIB section GDI object
    tmpSurf.Create(10, 10);
    
    CWGL wgl;
    wgl.Begin(tmpSurf.GetDC());
    glClearColor(1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 0.0)
        glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);
    wgl.End();
    
    tmpSurf.CopyToClipboard();
  3. Rendering contexts may be 'nested' if different CWGL objects are used, but remember that only one RC can be created for one window.
    wgl1.Begin(&windowDC);
    {
        CWGL wgl2;
        wgl2.Begin(&bitmapDC);
        wgl2.End();
        // here wgl2 destructor delete's wgl2 RC and makes
        // wgl1 RC current again.
    }
    // here all the display lists and textures of wgl1 RC
    // remain valid
    wgl1.End(); 
  4. If you need an RC for a window for which you no longer have a device context available, you may call wgl.Begin() with no DC to make last used RC of this window current again.
    wgl.Begin(&windowDC);
    wgl.End(); 
    ...
    
    // some time in the future...
    wgl.Begin();
    wgl.End();
  5. After a call to CWGL::End() you may ask what the rendering time was with GetRenderingTime().

Notes:

When rendering on different DIB sections or bitmaps, a new RC with PFD_DRAW_TO_BITMAP pixelformat is always created for that bitmap.

WindowsNT: CWGL synchronizes GDI and OpenGL access to rendering surface automatically.

When switching RC's of different pixelformats with CWGL, all textures and display lists must be recreated in a new RC. Display list sharing is possible when RCs are of the same pixelformat (this means also that you cannot share between window and bitmap RC).

Please also note that under Windows, only one RC may be created for a given window and this RC cannot be used for another window.

Working with textures:

CGLTexture is a simple wrapper to OpenGL texture object. It enables easy changing of texture images, reusing existing texture object when possible.

  • Call ChangeImage to create/recreate/reuse a texture and copy CGLImage image to the texture object.
  • Use Bind() to bind a texture.
  • Use Invalidate() before switching to a new RC. If Invalidate() is called and then Bind() is called in a new RC, the texture will be automatically recreated using a backup copy of the image.
  • If you are not going to use the same texture in multiple RC's, call ChangeImage() with second parameter set to false so it won't make unnecessary backup copy of the image.
    if(bChangeImage)
    {
        // Handle a request to use a different image 
        // for texture.
    
        bChangeImage = false;
        CGLImage glImage;
        glImage.Create(m_strNewImageFilePath, GL_RGBA);
        m_tex1.ChangeImage(&glImage, false); 
    }
    
    m_tex1.Bind();  
  • Use Coordn() function to generate texture coordinates which point to the four corners of current subimage inside a possibly larger texture.
    glBegin(GL_QUADS);
    m_tex1.Coord0(); glVertex3f(-5.0, -5.0, 0.0);
    m_tex1.Coord1(); glVertex3f(-5.0, 5.0, 0.0);
    m_tex1.Coord2(); glVertex3f(5.0, 5.0, 0.0);
    m_tex1.Coord3(); glVertex3f(5.0, -5.0, 0.0);
    glEnd();
    
    glFlush();
    glDisable(GL_TEXTURE_2D);

More examples and Doc

A documentation of the classes has been generated and is available with the source code distribution.

Using the library in your app

  1. Include the OGLTools header in your StdAfx.h:
    #include "OGLT.h"
  2. Make sure the .h and .lib are available, if not add the corresponding directories to the project settings.
  3. That's it, the lib's will be automatically inserted.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

Jonathan de Halleux
Engineer
United States United States
Jonathan de Halleux is Civil Engineer in Applied Mathematics. He finished his PhD in 2004 in the rainy country of Belgium. After 2 years in the Common Language Runtime (i.e. .net), he is now working at Microsoft Research on Pex (http://research.microsoft.com/pex).

Comments and Discussions

 
Generalusing OpenGL to read, save,.. file .bmp Pinmember1vs18-Apr-05 19:55 
GeneralProblem encountered with CGLImage PinmemberAllem779-Sep-04 21:46 
GeneralRe: Problem encountered with CGLImage PinmemberIan Miller7-Jul-05 4:12 
GeneralRe: Problem encountered with CGLImage PinmemberMasterGohan9-May-06 10:58 
QuestionHow to run 2 different(or same) OpenGL objects in one DialogBox? Pinmemberwerter15-Jun-04 21:53 
GeneralAbout FullScreen Pinmemberint29-Nov-03 3:53 
GeneralUsing OGTL with dialog items PinmemberZeruel10-Jan-03 7:26 
GeneralRe: Using OGTL with dialog items PinmemberJonathan de Halleux13-Jan-03 21:32 
GeneralHelp PinmemberAli Khanlarkhani19-Dec-02 1:47 
GeneralRe: Help PinmemberJonathan de Halleux19-Dec-02 1:56 
What type of Mesh ? Generated by 3DS ?
 
You can try to look for ASE loader code. Here's an example
 
http://www.demogl.com/download.asp
 

CHeers....
 
Jonathan de Halleux.

GeneralRe: Help PinmemberAli Khanlarkhani21-Dec-02 0:33 

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