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My Explorer In C#

, 26 Aug 2002
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An article on creating a simple Window Explorer using C# with out Interop.

Sample Image - My_Explorer.gif

Introduction

This article shows how to get system drives information using System.Managementnamespace and use Sysetm.IO namespace to get directories and files information to populate TreeView and ListView controls.

Getting Started

First we need to gather information on all the drives my computer have access to, and display the name and type of drive in the TreeView control. We can query the System.Management namespace to access drive information using the ManagementObjectSearcher class. It accepts a SQL like query as a parameter and returns a ManagementOjbectCollection class containing the drive information we requested. We now have all the drives information at our disposal (such as drive name, type, volume, description, etc...).

//This procedure populate the TreeView with the Drive list 
private void PopulateDriveList() 
{ 
    TreeNode nodeTreeNode; 
    int imageIndex = 0; 
    int selectIndex = 0; 
    
    const int Removable = 2; 
    const int LocalDisk = 3; 
    const int Network = 4; 
    const int CD = 5; 
    //const int RAMDrive = 6; 
    
    this.Cursor = Cursors.WaitCursor; 
    
    //clear TreeView 
    tvFolders.Nodes.Clear(); 
    nodeTreeNode = new TreeNode("My Computer",0,0); 
    tvFolders.Nodes.Add(nodeTreeNode); 
    
    //set node collection 
    TreeNodeCollection nodeCollection = nodeTreeNode.Nodes; 
    
    //Get Drive list 
    ManagementObjectCollection queryCollection = getDrives(); 
    foreach ( ManagementObject mo in queryCollection) 
    { 
        switch (int.Parse( mo["DriveType"].ToString())) 
        { 
            case Removable: //removable drives 
                imageIndex = 5; 
                selectIndex = 5; 
                break; 
            case LocalDisk: //Local drives 
                imageIndex = 6; 
                selectIndex = 6; 
                break; 
            case CD: //CD rom drives 
                imageIndex = 7; 
                selectIndex = 7; 
                break; 
            case Network: //Network drives 
                imageIndex = 8; 
                selectIndex = 8; 
                break; 
            default: //defalut to folder 
                imageIndex = 2; 
                selectIndex = 3; 
                break; 
        } 
        
        //create new drive node
        nodeTreeNode = new TreeNode(mo["Name"].ToString() 
            + "\\" ,imageIndex,selectIndex); 
        
        //add new node 
        nodeCollection.Add(nodeTreeNode); 
    } 
    
    //Init files ListView 
    InitListView();
    
    this.Cursor = Cursors.Default; 
} 
protected ManagementObjectCollection getDrives()
{ 
    //get drive collection 
    ManagementObjectSearcher query = new 
        ManagementObjectSearcher("SELECT * From Win32_LogicalDisk "); 
    ManagementObjectCollection queryCollection = query.Get(); 
    return queryCollection; 
} 

Directories and Files

When we click on a drive or a directory in the TreeView, we need to check if the drive or directory exists, before proceeding any further. Now we can get the directories for the current selection in the TreeView by using the Directory class from the System.IO namespace. Calling the Directory.GetDirectories method with the current node path as the parameter, will return an array of directories. We can loop through the directories array to populate sub-nodes under the current selected node. To get the currently selected node's files, we need to call the Directory.GetFiles method with the current node path as the parameter. This will return an array of files for the selected drive or directory. Now we can populate the ListView with the file array by looping through each array element and call FileInfo class to get the file size, creation date, and modified date.

protected void PopulateDirectory(TreeNode nodeCurrent, 
    TreeNodeCollection nodeCurrentCollection) 
{ 
    TreeNode nodeDir; 
    int imageIndex = 2; 
    int selectIndex = 3;
    
    if (nodeCurrent.SelectedImageIndex != 0) 
    {    //populate treeview with folders 
        try 
        { 
            if(Directory.Exists(getFullPath(nodeCurrent.FullPath)) 
                == false) 
            { 
                MessageBox.Show("Directory or path " + 
                    nodeCurrent.ToString() + " does not exist."); 
            } 
            else 
            {    //populate files 
                PopulateFiles(nodeCurrent);
                
                string[] stringDirectories = 
                    Directory.GetDirectories(getFullPath
                        (nodeCurrent.FullPath)); 
                
                string stringFullPath = ""; 
                string stringPathName = ""; 
                
                foreach (string stringDir in stringDirectories) 
                { 
                    stringFullPath = stringDir; 
                    stringPathName = GetPathName(stringFullPath); 
                    
                    //create node for directories 
                    nodeDir = new TreeNode(stringPathName.ToString(),
                        imageIndex,selectIndex); 
            
                    nodeCurrentCollection.Add(nodeDir); 
                } 
            } 
        } 
        catch (IOException e) 
        { 
            MessageBox.Show("Error: 
                Drive not ready or directory does not exist."); 
        } 
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException e) 
        { 
            MessageBox.Show("Error: 
                Drive or directory access denided."); 
        } 
        catch (Exception e) 
        { 
            MessageBox.Show("Error: " + e); 
        } 
    } 
} 

protected string GetPathName(string stringPath) 
{ 
    //Get Name of folder 
    string[] stringSplit = stringPath.Split('\\'); 
    
    int _maxIndex = stringSplit.Length; 
    
    return stringSplit[_maxIndex-1]; 
} 

protected void PopulateFiles(TreeNode nodeCurrent)
{
    //Populate listview with files
    string[] lvData =  new string[4];
    
    //clear list
    InitListView();

    if (nodeCurrent.SelectedImageIndex != 0) 
    {
        //check path
        if(Directory.Exists((string) 
            getFullPath(nodeCurrent.FullPath)) == false)
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Directory or path " + 
                nodeCurrent.ToString() + " does not exist.");
        }
        else
        {
            try
            {
                string[] stringFiles = Directory.GetFiles
                    (getFullPath(nodeCurrent.FullPath));
                string stringFileName = "";
                DateTime dtCreateDate, dtModifyDate;
                Int64 lFileSize = 0;

                //loop throught all files
                foreach (string stringFile in stringFiles)
                {
                    stringFileName = stringFile;
                    FileInfo objFileSize = new 
                        FileInfo(stringFileName);
                    lFileSize = objFileSize.Length;
                    //GetCreationTime(stringFileName);
                    dtCreateDate = objFileSize.CreationTime; 
                    //GetLastWriteTime(stringFileName);
                    dtModifyDate = objFileSize.LastWriteTime; 

                    //create listview data
                    lvData[0] = GetPathName(stringFileName);
                    lvData[1] = formatSize(lFileSize);
                            
                    //check if file is in local current 
                    //day light saving time
                    if (TimeZone.CurrentTimeZone.
                        IsDaylightSavingTime(dtCreateDate) == false)
                    {
                        //not in day light saving time adjust time
                        lvData[2] = formatDate(dtCreateDate.AddHours(1));
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        //is in day light saving time adjust time
                        lvData[2] = formatDate(dtCreateDate);
                    }

                    //check if file is in local current day 
                    //light saving time
                    if (TimeZone.CurrentTimeZone.
                        IsDaylightSavingTime(dtModifyDate) == false)
                    {
                        //not in day light saving time adjust time
                        lvData[3] = formatDate(dtModifyDate.AddHours(1));
                    }
                    else{
                        //not in day light saving time adjust time
                        lvData[3] = formatDate(dtModifyDate);
                    }

                    //Create actual list item
                    ListViewItem lvItem = new ListViewItem(lvData,0);
                    lvFiles.Items.Add(lvItem);
                }
            }
            catch (IOException e)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Error: 
                   Drive not ready or directory does not exist.");
            }
            catch (UnauthorizedAccessException e)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Error: 
                   Drive or directory access denided.");
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Error: " + e);
            }
        }
    }
}

protected string getFullPath(string stringPath) 
{ 
    //Get Full path string 
    stringParse = ""; 
    
    //remove My Computer from path. 
    stringParse = stringPath.Replace("My Computer\\", ""); 
    
    return stringParse; 
} 

protected string formatDate(DateTime dtDate) 
{ 
    //Get date and time in short format 
    string stringDate = ""; 
    stringDate = dtDate.ToShortDateString().ToString() 
        + " " + dtDate.ToShortTimeString().ToString();
    
    return stringDate; 
} 

protected string formatSize(Int64 lSize) 
{
    //Format number to KB 
    string stringSize = ""; 
    NumberFormatInfo myNfi = new NumberFormatInfo();
    Int64 lKBSize = 0; 
    
    if (lSize < 1024 ) 
    { 
        if (lSize == 0) 
        { 
            //zero byte 
            stringSize = "0"; 
        } 
        else 
        { 
            //less than 1K but not zero byte 
            stringSize = "1"; 
        } 
    } 
    else 
    { 
        //convert to KB 
        lKBSize = lSize / 1024; 
        
        //format number with default format 
        stringSize = lKBSize.ToString("n",myNfi); 
        
        //remove decimal 
        stringSize = stringSize.Replace(".00", ""); 
    } 
    
    return stringSize + " KB"; 
}

Formating Numbers

Instead of writing string parsing functions to format the file size with comma in the thousand and millionth position, I use the NumberFormatInfo class in System.Globalization namespace to format the number, when I convert the number to the string format.

protected string formatSize(Int64 lSize) 
{ 
    //Format number to KB 
    string stringSize = ""; 
    NumberFormatInfo myNfi = new NumberFormatInfo(); 
    Int64 lKBSize = 0; 
    
    if (lSize < 1024 ) 
    { 
        :
        :
    } 
    else 
    { 
        //convert to KB 
        lKBSize = lSize / 1024; 
        
        //format number with default format 
        stringSize = lKBSize.ToString("n",myNfi); 
        
        //remove decimal 
        stringSize = stringSize.Replace(".00", ""); 
    } 
    
    return stringSize + " KB"; 
} 

Day Light Saving Time

At first glance, it looks like

FileInfo objFileSize = new FileInfo(stringFileName)

will give you all the correct information about the file to display on the screen. But it turns out that the file date time may not be correct due to Day Light Saving Time settings on your machine and how the file was saved. The files that does not have the Day Light Saving Time set to true will have the create, modify, and access time off by one hour. We need to check for this condition using the function TimeZone.CurrentTimeZone.IsDaylightSavingTime(dtCreateDate). This function returns a Boolean, true if the file Day Light Saving Time was set and returns a false if it was not set. Then we can adjust the time for those files that does not have the Day Light Saving Time setting set, by adding one hour to the file time.

 
protected void PopulateFiles(TreeNode nodeCurrent)
{
    //Populate listview with files
    string[] lvData =  new string[4];
    
    //clear list
    InitListView();

    if (nodeCurrent.SelectedImageIndex != 0) 
    {
        //check path
        if(Directory.Exists((string) 
            getFullPath(nodeCurrent.FullPath)) == false)
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Directory or path " + 
                nodeCurrent.ToString() + " does not exist.");
        }
        else
        {
            try
            {
                string[] stringFiles = Directory.
                    GetFiles(getFullPath(nodeCurrent.FullPath));
                string stringFileName = "";
                DateTime dtCreateDate, dtModifyDate;
                Int64 lFileSize = 0;

                //loop throught all files
                foreach (string stringFile in stringFiles)
                {
                    stringFileName = stringFile;
                    FileInfo objFileSize = new FileInfo(stringFileName);
                    lFileSize = objFileSize.Length;
                    //GetCreationTime(stringFileName);
                    dtCreateDate = objFileSize.CreationTime; 
                    //GetLastWriteTime(stringFileName);
                    dtModifyDate = objFileSize.LastWriteTime; 

                    //create listview data
                    lvData[0] = GetPathName(stringFileName);
                    lvData[1] = formatSize(lFileSize);
                            
                    //check if file is in local current 
                    //day light saving time
                    if (TimeZone.CurrentTimeZone.
                        IsDaylightSavingTime(dtCreateDate) == false)
                    {
                        //not in day light saving time adjust time
                        lvData[2] = formatDate(dtCreateDate.AddHours(1));
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        //is in day light saving time adjust time
                        lvData[2] = formatDate(dtCreateDate);
                    }

                    //check if file is in local current
                    //day light saving time
                    if (TimeZone.CurrentTimeZone.
                        IsDaylightSavingTime(dtModifyDate) == false)
                    {
                        //not in day light saving time adjust time
                        lvData[3] = formatDate(dtModifyDate.AddHours(1));
                    }
                    else                                        {
                        //not in day light saving time adjust time
                        lvData[3] = formatDate(dtModifyDate);
                    }

                    //Create actual list item
                    ListViewItem lvItem = new ListViewItem(lvData,0);
                    lvFiles.Items.Add(lvItem);
                }
            }
            catch (IOException e)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Error: 
                    Drive not ready or directory does not exist.");
            }
            catch (UnauthorizedAccessException e)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Error: 
                    Drive or directory access denied.");
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Error: " + e);
            }
        }
    }
}

Conclusion

We have used the System.Management namespace to get information on all the available drives in the system and used the Directory and FileInfo classes in the System.IO namespace to get information about directories and files. There are many other features available in the Directory and File classes we did not touch upon, like the ones for creating directory, deleting directory, creating file, copy file, move file, etc. Also with System.Management namespace, you could get access to management information about the system, devices, and application in the Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) infrastructure. We can query for information such as how much space is left on the drive, what is the current CPU utilization and much more, using the classes in the System.Management namespace. You could find out more about these namespaces at http://msdn.microsoft.com.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

Paul Li
Software Developer (Senior)
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralGreat Job PinmemberMember 102028831-Sep-13 8:26 
QuestionMy Explorer in C# Pinmembertom chen16-Jul-13 12:30 
AnswerRe: My Explorer in C# PinmemberPaul Li25-Jul-13 11:00 
QuestionIt's a free source from Microsoft .net library !! PinmemberMazen el Senih8-Feb-12 8:15 
AnswerRe: It's a free source from Microsoft .net library !! PinmemberPaul Li25-Jul-13 10:56 
GeneralV Use Full Sample Can U Pls Tell me How To ADD Reail Win 7 icons 2 ListView control Pinmemberpushpikasj7-May-11 22:40 
QuestionNo Plus Pinmembercyntonix9-Mar-11 1:46 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberzamkinos19-Dec-10 6:31 
QuestionFTP Server Up or Dawn Pinmemberccdava29-Nov-08 22:55 
Questioncan any one suggest generic commandline splitter c++ src code? PinmemberK.O.24-Aug-08 6:44 
GeneralImprovements PinmemberCuchuk Sergey23-Jul-08 20:24 
GeneralRe: Improvements Pinmembertlhintoq1-Jun-09 16:45 
GeneralDirectory.GetDirectories Problem Pinmemberlmaturo6-May-08 5:50 
GeneralRe: Directory.GetDirectories Problem Pinmemberadamzhang10-May-08 2:20 
GeneralMy_Explorer application Pinmembernhan13042-Nov-07 5:24 
QuestionI want to build a windows Explorer in vb.net PinmemberMr. Ankur30-Jun-07 5:20 
AnswerRe: I want to build a windows Explorer in vb.net Pinmemberjmcc2k4-Dec-08 21:23 
GeneralQuick question about the treeview events Pinmemberdavid_k137-Jun-07 10:36 
QuestionGood one but need Some help here Pinmembermsg_gsn3-Jan-07 2:14 
GeneralExcellent PinmemberGavo9-Nov-06 6:24 
GeneralDaylight Savings difference Pinmemberthe.burtman1-Nov-06 9:15 
GeneralRe: Daylight Savings difference Pinmemberdanvmn15-Dec-08 8:43 
Generalimportant question Pinmemberlovemeok_5529-Sep-06 21:44 
GeneralNeed more info about ManagementObjectSearcher Pinmemberbebangs20-Jul-06 17:51 
GeneralNo System.Management namespace PinmemberPacer Dawn19-Jan-06 11:59 

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