This article is aimed at explaining how the
WebBrowser control in C# works and how to build an RSS Feed reader using several
WebBrowser controls. It also explains how RSS feed XML files can be processed using functions provided by
The application created here has the following features:
- RSS Feed subscription
- RSS Feed list maintenance
- RSS Feed Viewer
- Web Page Reader and Browser
The application in this article has been developed using Visual Studio 2008, but in .NET Framework 2.0. It can be built and run as is using .NET Framework 3.0 and 3.5.
Using the Code
The code in this article works using
WebBrowser controls which will be explained in detail later in the article. The code takes in an RSS Feed link and adds it to the Web content of the LHS pane. Any click on a feed in the RHS pane is directed towards loading the corresponding feed after being formatted using the
XPathNavigator, in the RHS top pane. Any click on a feed link in this pane is redirected to loading the corresponding page in the RHS bottom pane. The user can further browse other pages in this pane by clicking on other links on this page. The user can move back and forth between browsed pages using the Forward and Back buttons in the toolbar.
Now, coming to the
WebBrowser control. This control provides us with all the functionality needed to build a Web browsing application. I will go through all its methods and properties used in the application being built here. But first, let us see how we can fetch and process a page provided to us by an RSS Feed link.
Since RSS feeds are XML, we need to use XML objects to process it. For this, we need to import the namespace
Then we need to create an XML document and load up the RSS content into it:
XmlDocument RSSXml = new XmlDocument();
Then we need to get the list of nodes from this XML document, that can be used to display the feed content. After that, we go through each node and pull out display relevant information from it, like the title, link and description.
XmlNodeList RSSNodeList = RSSXml.SelectNodes("rss/channel/item");
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
foreach (XmlNode RSSNode in RSSNodeList)
RSSSubNode = RSSNode.SelectSingleNode("title");
string title = RSSSubNode != null ? RSSSubNode.InnerText : "";
RSSSubNode = RSSNode.SelectSingleNode("link");
string link = RSSSubNode != null ? RSSSubNode.InnerText : "";
RSSSubNode = RSSNode.SelectSingleNode("description");
string desc = RSSSubNode != null ? RSSSubNode.InnerText : "";
sb.Append("<font face='arial'><p><b><a href='");
At the end of this, the string builder contains the content of RSS feed, as a well formatted HTML. This is where we start off with the
WebBrowser control. The
WebBrowser control can be loaded with a page using several ways. A URL can directly be loaded to the
WebBrowser control using
Navigate(Uri) function of the
WebBrowser. However to load HTML content that has been created programmatically, we need to populate the
DocumentText of the
RSSBrowser.DocumentText = sb.ToString();
Now we need to learn how to communicate between two browser controls. By default, if a link is clicked on a page loaded in a
WebBrowser control, it loads the target page in the same control. In case we want it to load the content in another browser, we need to block this control and invoke the other control's navigation.
To do this, we need to understand the
Navigating event of the
WebBrowser control. This event is triggered before a
WebBrowser control starts navigating to a new page. It can be used to stop the navigation by setting its event argument's
Cancel value to
true as in the following code:
private void RSSList_Navigating(object sender, WebBrowserNavigatingEventArgs e)
e.Cancel = true;
m_bFromLoadEvent = false;
This code, based on a boolean value, blocks the current object's navigation and navigates another
NetBrowser, to the target URL. This is how the different panes communicate with each other in the given application.
Lastly, we need to learn how to navigate back and forth between the pages already visited by the
WebBrowser control. This is quite simple and can be done as follows:
CanGoBack properties show the history status in forward and backward directions. The
GoForward() functions navigate back and forth in the history of visited pages.
Points of Interest
The application stores the list of subscribed RSS feeds in a text file in the same location as the program EXE. Coming soon in the next versions of
ReadForSpeed are the features to tag feeds and store feed content for offline usage.
- Version 126.96.36.199 updated on 06/10/2008