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C# Close Button Disable Example

, 17 Oct 2011 CPOL
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A simple application that shows how to change the status of the close (X) button in Windows Forms.

Close button example

Introduction

The main purpose of this application is to enable and disable the "Close" button of any Windows Form on your application by using Windows APIs.

In some of my applications, I had to prevent users from clicking the close button to exit an application. Of course, there are various ways to exit an application. But in some cases, clicking the close button may not be the nicest option.

The application uses user32.dll Windows API to invoke some methods. Of course, there are other methods that can be invoked in the same library in order to perform different actions.

Using the Code

There are plenty of ways to enable and disable the close button in Windows Forms. This one is a simple and probably the most effective of all.

To manipulate the state of the close button in your form, as mentioned before, a Windows API named user32.dll is needed. By including user32.dll in your project, you will be able to invoke the methods in the "user32.dll" library. There are two main methods we need to use to change the state of the close button, which are: EnableMenuItem() and GetSystemMenu().

As you can see, these methods are located in the user32.dll file.

After adding using System.Runtime.InteropServices; to your using section, you can start importing functions to your project.

After this step, it's time to create the methods and invoke them in your project. Now, you can invoke those methods in any way you want, like using it in a timer, or any kind of other events. In the demo application, you'll notice that the button events call the custom created void functions which contain other methods for enabling and disabling the close button. The snippet below shows invoking the DLL methods.

In order to change the status of the close button, we need to tell the API the current and target addresses of the button's states. These three values represent the states of the button. All of the values can be found on the internet, if you are interested in manipulating other controls.

internal const int SC_CLOSE = 0xF060;           //close button's code in Windows API
internal const int MF_ENABLED = 0x00000000;     //enabled button status
internal const int MF_GRAYED = 0x1;             //disabled button status (enabled = false)
internal const int MF_DISABLED = 0x00000002;    //disabled button status

Now it's time to call our DLL's methods:

[DllImport("user32.dll")]
private static extern IntPtr GetSystemMenu(IntPtr HWNDValue, bool isRevert);

[DllImport("user32.dll")]
private static extern int EnableMenuItem(IntPtr tMenu, int targetItem, int targetStatus);

Here are two others that I didn't have a chance to try, but I don't see any reason for them to not work properly...

internal const int SC_MINIMIZE = 0xF020; //for minimize button on forms
internal const int SC_MAXIMIZE = 0xF030; //for maximize button on forms

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Selim Sertaç BALCI
Software Developer (Senior) Intertech Bilgi İşlem AŞ
Turkey Turkey
Software Engineer, has been working on multiple platforms such as Apple, PHP and .NET Framework.
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Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionHe PinmemberMember 1034608220-Nov-14 5:08 
Generalquery PinmemberKD Palekar8-Feb-14 13:27 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberkaskavalci18-Sep-13 4:11 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberBritteandy12-Jul-13 2:42 
QuestionWrite this under C++/WinForm Pinmemberchristmars11-Oct-12 23:47 
NewsRe: Write this under C++/WinForm PinmemberSelim Sertaç BALCI27-Nov-12 4:39 
GeneralRe: Write this under C++/WinForm Pinmemberchristmars27-Nov-12 5:29 
QuestionInteresting code but... Pinmembers.kleinschmidt26-Oct-11 0:33 
AnswerRe: Interesting code but... PinmemberSelim Sertaç BALCI28-Oct-11 22:35 
GeneralNice Pinmemberkiran dangar17-Oct-11 3:37 

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