This is going to be a quite small article, and probably not that useful, but I think it's quite cool all the same. Basically, this article shows how to play streaming videos from YouTube in WPF.
So if this doesn't float your boat, I'd suggest stop reading right here.
This article also reads from an RSS feed... I know again, God you are always doing that, Sacha. Well, I promise I have other stuff; it's just that I like images and videos in WPF apps, and RSS feeds give you a nice diverse selection.
This article relies on a piece of software being installed, which is: Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 Beta.
This is required for the new
WebBrowser control that comes with the SP1 installation.
OK, So What Does it Look Like
The app, when running, is yet another of my RSS feed search type apps. I promise this is the very last one of these. I just had to get this YouTube thing out of my system, so there you heard me say it: "no more RSS feed WPF articles!!!!!". Never. Never. I'm done with those.
Here are a couple of screenshots, assuming you clicked the Most Popular button:
You are free to drag the YouTube feed items around, providing you are currently in Drag mode, where the Mode is changeable using the right click context menu.
When you toggle out of Drag mode, you will be in Play mode, so will no longer be able to move the video items around. Instead, when you move the mouse over a video item, you will see a PLAY icon appear.
When you then click this PLAY icon, a new video viewer will be shown where you can view the YouTube video. This window is animated into/out of view. You should be able to open the viewer window whenever you are in Play mode and click on a unique video item.
That's all the screenshots, how does it all work?
How it Works
Well, starting at the top, the RSS feed ( ), this is actually just a bit of XLINQ, as follows:
public static List<YouTubeInfo> LoadVideosKey(string keyWord)
var xraw = XElement.Load(string.Format(SEARCH,keyWord));
var xroot = XElement.Parse(xraw.ToString());
var links = (from item in xroot.Element("channel").Descendants("item")
select new YouTubeInfo
LinkUrl = item.Element("link").Value,
EmbedUrl = GetEmbedUrlFromLink(item.Element("link").Value),
ThumbNailUrl = GetThumbNailUrlFromLink(item),
catch (Exception e)
private static string GetEmbedUrlFromLink(string link)
string embedUrl = link.Substring(0, link.IndexOf("&")).Replace("watch?v=", "embed/");
private static string GetThumbNailUrlFromLink(XElement element)
XElement group = null;
XElement thumbnail = null;
string thumbnailUrl = @"../Images/logo.png";
foreach (XElement desc in element.Descendants())
if (desc.Name.LocalName == "group")
group = desc;
if (group != null)
foreach (XElement desc in group.Descendants())
if (desc.Name.LocalName == "thumbnail")
thumbnailUrl = desc.Attribute("url").Value.ToString();
This is used within
YouViewerMainWindow to create a bunch of
YouTubeResultControl controls, which are then added to a
DragCanvas. I can take no credit for the
DragCanvas, I stole that straight from Josh Smith, using this code.
There is nothing special to say about the
YouTubeResultControl controls; they are fairly simply controls, that simply contain a single
YouTubeInfo item which is used within an event that is raised when the user clicks the internal
YouTubeResultControl control's play button.
YouViewerMainWindow uses the
YouTubeInfo item to pass to the
Viewer control, which in turn is responsible for playing the actual video.
So far nothing special, right? All very easy stuff.
The only part that's a bit interesting is that we can play the YouTube video in the new
WebBrowser control. This is neat.
How does this work? Normally, WPF only lets you play Windows Media Player supported files that are local or MMS prefixed streams.
YouTube is neither of these, so how does it work? Well, luckily, the RSS feed contains enough information for us to do some string manipulation to get a new URL that points to something much more interesting.
Basically, from the RSS feed, we can get the following string: http://youtube.com/?v=FhZ-HsiS8aI. But if we mess around with it a bit, we can get: http://www.youtube.com/v/FhZ-HsiS8aI&hl=en, which is a link to a SWF (Flash) file that will play directly in the new browser if you paste this in to a browser address bar. Aha.
So we can use this new URL and use that as the
Source property for the new .NET 3.5 SP1
control, and we get the usual YouTube player we are used to, for free. Neato. I also tried this with the .NET 2.0 WinForms
WebBrowser (interop, so the WindowsIntegration DLL required) control, and the WPF
Frame control, but they didn't work like the new .NET 3.5 SP1
I had originally wanted to use the .NET 3.5 SP1
control, within my latest 3D WPF article MarsaX, but that didn't work on account of the fact that the new .NET 3.5 SP1
WebBrowser control is actually a
HWnd based control, and really not much like a WPF control. So it doesn't play nice like other WPF controls, which is a shame, but it has led to this article.
And you know what? That's it.
As I say, this was a very quick and small article, so I don't expect too many votes for this one... But if you feel you want to vote, feel free, thanks.