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Write a UDF CDR

, 22 Jul 2003 CPOL 195.6K 2.3K 39
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How to write a CDR in UDF

Introduction

Some electronic devices need to use CDR as storage media, and you have to append several files each time before the space is used out. In this case, UDF is a good solution, since for each writing, only 7 logic blocks of overhead are used. (Multisession CDs use several minutes for each session's leadout)

 

How to use the demo

(You need WNASPI32.dll to run the demo, which could be downloaded from Ahead.)

  • Select the CDR drive you want to write to.
  • Insert a blank disc, "Format" it.
  • Browse to select files, and write to the disc. (Now you can view the files using DirectCD).
  • You can list the content of the CDR, and restore files to hard disk
  • Close Session, now any CD drive can read it..

 

How to use the source code

//Create a variable for your drive
SCSI2 m_drive;
//m_HA:HostAdpaterNumber,m_ID:SCSI ID,m_LUN:LogicUnitNumber
m_drive.SCSISelectDevice(m_HA,m_ID,m_LUN);
//For a blank CDR, you need to format it 
m_drive.FormatDisc("VOL1");
//Then you can write files onto it
m_drive.WriteFiles("Test1.bmp");
//Append more files here...
//
//After you have writen ALL the files, close the session
m_drive.CloseSession();
//Now it's readable by regular CDROM drive.

 

Some useful functions

SCSIRead()      //Read data from CDR
WritePacket()      //Write packets to CDR
ReadTrackInfo()      //Read track info, like next writable address
ReadDiskInfo()      //Read disc info, like capacity
TestUnitReady()      //See if the drive is ready
LoadUnload()      //Eject/Close the tray
SetWriteParameters()    //Set write mode
SCSISetSpeed()      //Set read/write speed
ListFiles()      //List files on the CDR
SaveFileAs()      //Save file on CDR to hard disk

If you want to know more inside stuff

Things you need to have:

  • SCSI command block structure (ANSI X3.131-1994)
  • SCSI multimedia commands-2 (ANSI NCITS 333-2000)
  • OSTA specs: ECMA-167, Universal Disk Format Specification, ECMA-119

Things you need to know:

  • SCSI2 block command structure
  • Use of ASPI
  • Concepts about CDR: track, session, logical blocks, PMA, ATIP, TOC, write modes...
  • UDF(Volume structure, file system)

More info at my website.

Revision History

  • Ver 1.01
    • More comments, some code clean up
    • New function: ListFiles()
    • New function: SaveFileAs()
  • Ver 1.02
    • Some changes on the demo application

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

spotofleopard
Engineer
United States United States
Wheels I reinvented on various embedded systems

*License Plate Reader
*TCP/IP stack
*Web Server
*HTTP/FTP/SMTP client
*Ethernet/SCSI/USB drivers
*FAT32/UDF file system
*JPEG/MJPEG encoder

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralDisc manufacturer Pin
Anonymous13-Feb-04 13:39
sussAnonymous13-Feb-04 13:39 
Generalsample code is not for ATAPI drive, suggested fixes Pin
fkking17-Jan-04 14:23
memberfkking17-Jan-04 14:23 
GeneralWrite Error Pin
pigy30-Nov-03 22:22
memberpigy30-Nov-03 22:22 
QuestionWhat mmc command not support ATAPI? Pin
Anonymous9-Nov-03 17:26
sussAnonymous9-Nov-03 17:26 
GeneralFormat a CDR with DELPHI Pin
miximax19-Aug-03 5:14
membermiximax19-Aug-03 5:14 
GeneralSector Write in CD Pin
samesky16-Aug-03 21:59
membersamesky16-Aug-03 21:59 
Generalburning a CD-R disk using a packet-writing Pin
RPMcoffee14-Jul-03 18:10
memberRPMcoffee14-Jul-03 18:10 
GeneralRe: burning a CD-R disk using a packet-writing Pin
Hongfeng16-Jul-03 7:51
memberHongfeng16-Jul-03 7:51 
It has been long since I worked on this, hope I recall it correctly.

TOC is in the lead-in area of a session. It's written when
the session is being closed.
TOC contains track number and LBA.
In UDF, TOC isn't a critical part. The volume stucture and file system stucture
are stored in data area.

Lead-out contains audio or data null. Generally, you dont need to r/w it.
UDF VAT doesn't relate to TOC directly.
ICB tells you where to find the file. It might contain the
file location(embedded),or the pointer to where the address is.

ECMA167 is a good reference, so is MMC3.


GeneralRe: burning a CD-R disk using a packet-writing Pin
RPMcoffee21-Jul-03 5:23
memberRPMcoffee21-Jul-03 5:23 
GeneralRe: burning a CD-R disk using a packet-writing Pin
Hongfeng23-Jul-03 11:21
memberHongfeng23-Jul-03 11:21 
GeneralRe: burning a CD-R disk using a packet-writing Pin
RPMcoffee23-Jul-03 18:16
memberRPMcoffee23-Jul-03 18:16 
Generalfound au dio cd burner source code Pin
Anonymous28-Mar-03 15:00
sussAnonymous28-Mar-03 15:00 
Questionwhat is your OS? (null) Pin
Anonymous6-Feb-03 21:31
sussAnonymous6-Feb-03 21:31 
GeneralCOMMAND SEQUENCE ERROR!! Pin
Anonymous6-Feb-03 16:26
sussAnonymous6-Feb-03 16:26 
QuestionHow to read VAT ICB? Pin
Anonymous5-Feb-03 14:27
sussAnonymous5-Feb-03 14:27 
AnswerRe: How to read VAT ICB? Pin
Hongfeng6-Feb-03 5:16
memberHongfeng6-Feb-03 5:16 
GeneralRe: How to read VAT ICB? Pin
chimpanzeeVN21-Oct-03 0:55
memberchimpanzeeVN21-Oct-03 0:55 
GeneralRe: How to read VAT ICB? Pin
Anonymous21-Oct-03 17:16
sussAnonymous21-Oct-03 17:16 
QuestionWhy Can I Record CD? Pin
ryushark27-Jan-03 15:36
memberryushark27-Jan-03 15:36 
AnswerRe: Why Can I Record CD? Pin
Christian Graus27-Jan-03 15:48
memberChristian Graus27-Jan-03 15:48 
GeneralRe: Why Can I Record CD? Pin
Mike Nordell27-Jan-03 16:48
memberMike Nordell27-Jan-03 16:48 
GeneralDemo Project File Problem -- no rc file Pin
Anonymous27-Jan-03 5:28
sussAnonymous27-Jan-03 5:28 
GeneralRe: Demo Project File Problem -- no rc file Pin
ryushark27-Jan-03 15:28
memberryushark27-Jan-03 15:28 
GeneralATAPI Pin
Codegg12349-Dec-02 9:19
memberCodegg12349-Dec-02 9:19 
GeneralRe: ATAPI Pin
Kochise17-Dec-02 0:56
sussKochise17-Dec-02 0:56 

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