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JavaScript Stopwatch

, 14 Sep 2008
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A simple stopwatch object using JavaScript.

The objective

I know there are a lot of examples on the web on how to achieve stopwatch type functionality, but none seemed to be separated from the UI, so I decided to write my own object that could be included into any page without being tied into the user interface.

The goal

To create a JavaScript stopwatch that will work similar to the .NET StopWatch class. The object should not depend on any UI element, and should be added as easily as possible to any web page.

The code

Constructor

I first created the JavaScript object as follows:

function StopWatch(){
}//yes this is how to define a class in JavaScript 

Variables

The next step was to sort out what variables would be needed to accomplish our task. We know we need timestamps for when we start and when we stop, and a state variable to determine if we are currently running.

function StopWatch(){

  var startTime = null; 
  var stopTime = null; 
  var running = false; 
  .... 
}

Methods

Now, the methods; we know we will need methods to start, stop, and set the duration. I know some implementations of stopwatches containing reset methods, but in this implementation, let’s infer the call to start to also be the reset.

TimeStamp method

I needed a private method in my object to return the timestamp for a given point in time. The getTime function of a Date object returns the number of milliseconds since Jan 1, 1970.

function getTime(){
  var day = new Date();
  return day.getTime();
}

Start method

The call to start should verify that we are not already running, and should set the startTime variable.

this.start = function(){ 

if (running == true)
    return;
else if (startTime != null) 
    stopTime = null; 

running = true;    
startTime = getTime();

}

Stop method

The call to stop should verify we are currently running, and should set the stopTime variable.

this.stop = function(){ 

if (running == false)
    return;    

stopTime = getTime();
running = false; 

}

Duration method

This method should determine we have both a start and stop timestamp, and return the duration between the two, in terms of seconds.

this.duration = function(){ 

if(startTime == null || stopTime == null)
   return 'Undefined';
else  
   return (stopTime - startTime) / 1000;

}

Using the stopwatch object

To use the object, you need to include the StopWatch.js file or its logic into your own .js file, and create an instance of a StopWatch as follows:

var _StopWatch = new StopWatch();

To start the stopwatch, you simply call Start.

_StopWatch.start();

To stop the stopwatch, you simply call Stop.

_StopWatch.stop();

To get the duration, you simply call Duration.

alert(_StopWatch.duration());
//example return: 3.567(seconds)

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

MCF.Goodwin
Software Developer
United States United States
Ah, just another dev living the life of Dilbert. Smile | :)

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionHow to make available on web page? PinmemberAnne_Arbor29-Mar-13 9:52 
QuestionExpansion on this idea PinmemberOlaberas22-Mar-13 11:57 
Questionreading the duration(ie elapsed) time at any time Pinmemberjduartedj13-Dec-11 6:51 
GeneralAdding pause / lap time functionality Pinmemberjsc4216-Sep-08 0:41 
GeneralRe: Adding pause / lap time functionality PinmemberMCF.Goodwin16-Sep-08 0:55 
GeneralRe: Adding pause / lap time functionality Pinmemberjsc4216-Sep-08 2:07 
Sorry - there isn't a URL as there isn't a codepage article. It was just hacked out of a piece of code that I'd written as a sample for a friend as part of (yet another) JavaScript Classes package. I might post the package as a codepage article sometime as there are some novel features, e.g. inheritable getters / setters for private variables and private static (as well as prototype) variables. But the package is not ready for publication yet - I'm not happy with the way it handles some aspects (e.g. its method of emulating super and instanceof).
Generalsmall error Pinmembermihasic15-Sep-08 2:22 
GeneralRe: small error PinmemberMCF.Goodwin15-Sep-08 3:00 
GeneralRe: small error Pinmemberleegool15-Sep-08 4:33 
GeneralRe: small error PinmemberMCF.Goodwin15-Sep-08 4:54 

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