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Query hardware device status in C#

, 9 Oct 2008
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How to query the status of a hardware device in .NET using C#.

DeviceStatus

Introduction

To put it simple: if you want to query hardware device status in .NET, the ManagementObjectSearcher is your friend. Using it properly is a bit difficult, but it's not that bad.

Background

My task was to create a hardware device health monitor service for a high availability server that runs an important .NET application. Since the environment already had .NET framework installed, I decided to write the health monitor in C#, and that’s where hell broke loose.

I spent a day searching the Internet for a native .NET way to query the hardware status, with no avail. At the end of the day, I found the ManagementObjectSearcher class, but I didn’t have any clues on the valid search terms. After a long search session, I bumped into a Chinese page (yes, I was that desperate) that showed a list of valid terms and a truckload of Chinese characters.

I wrote a small program that listed all the ManagementObjects in all the valid ManagementObjectSearchers, and bingo! The winner was contestant number 135: Win32_PnPEntity. With this in my hand, I could Google for the valid attributes and create the following sample.

Using the code

Our code is a simple console application that lists all the available devices and tells whether it's working according to the device status. To use it, you have to reference the System.Management component.

So, the actual code:

// Query the device list trough the WMI. If you want to get
// all the properties listen in the MSDN article mentioned
// below, use "select * from Win32_PnPEntity" instead!
ManagementObjectSearcher deviceList =
    new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select Name, Status from Win32_PnPEntity");

// Any results? There should be!
if ( deviceList != null )
    // Enumerate the devices
    foreach ( ManagementObject device in deviceList.Get() )
    {
        // To make the example more simple,
        string name = device.GetPropertyValue("Name").ToString();
        string status = device.GetPropertyValue("Status").ToString();

        // Uncomment these lines and use the "select * query" if you 
        // want a VERY verbose list
        // foreach (PropertyData prop in device.Properties)
        //    Console.WriteLine( "\t" + prop.Name + ": " + prop.Value);

        // More details on the valid properties:
        // http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa394353(VS.85).aspx
        Console.WriteLine( "Device name: {0}", name );  
        Console.WriteLine( "\tStatus: {0}", status );

        // Part II, Evaluate the device status.
        bool working = (( status == "OK" ) || ( status == "Degraded" )
            || ( status == "Pred Fail" ));

        Console.WriteLine( "\tWorking?: {0}", working );
    }

Points of interest

An advice in advance: if you have to learn anything about the local machine status, try to dig up a WMI namespace for that; looking at the log my first dumping application created, even the question for 42 is there. The only trick is to find the correct query Smile | :)

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

szutyok

Hungary Hungary
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralAnother Excellent... Pinmemberspl29-Oct-08 21:12 

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