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Text On A Path in WPF

, 30 Oct 2008 CPOL
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A control that will display a text string on a specified geometry

Introduction

Currently, with Window Presentation Foundation (WPF), it is not easy to display a text string that will follow the path of any given geometry. WPF’s TextEffects provides transformation on individual characters, but trying to use this capability to get the text to follow an arbitrary geometry requires some additional work. Also, TextEffects is not available in Silverlight. With the control provided here, a given text string can be made to display on any 2D WPF geometry. The control can, for example, display text on an EllipseGeometry:

ellipse.PNG

A sample application and source code has been provided.

Background

To display text on a path, the fundamental problem that must be solved is to figure out how to translate and rotate each character of the string to fit the specified geometry. A big help in solving the problem is the GetFlattenedPathGeometry() method provided by the Geometry base class. This method returns a PathGeometry that approximates the geometry by a series of lines (PolyLineSegment and LineSegment). For example, the red lines below depict the flattened path of the path geometry (black):

flattenedpath.PNG

For a good overview of the WPF geometry classes, see MSDN.

The next step in the problem is to take the flattened path geometry and figure out how to transform the characters of the string to follow the flattened path. The figure below depicts the angle that must be calculated so the letter “A” will follow the flattened path. In TextOnAPath, the method ‘GetIntersectionPoints’ in the GeometryHelper class calculates the points along the flattened path where the characters intersect with the path. Knowing the intersection points, the angle (and translation) values can then be calculated.

flattenedpathWithText.PNG

Using the Code

The TextOnAPath control is used just like any normal UIElement in WPF. The XAML below will display the text string along the curved path, centered in a grid:

<Window x:Class="TextOnAPathTestApp.Window1"
    xmlns=http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation
    xmlns:x=http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml
    xmlns:TextOnAPath="clr-namespace:TextOnAPath;assembly=TextOnAPath"
    Title="Test App" Height="500" Width="500">
    <Grid>
    <TextOnAPath:TextOnAPath FontSize="30" DrawPath="True" 
        Text="The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy hen.">
            <TextOnAPath:TextOnAPath.TextPath>
                <PathGeometry Figures="M0,0 C120,361 230.5,276.5 230.5,276.5 
                      L308.5,237.50001 C308.5,237.50001 419.5,179.5002 367.5,265.49993 
                      315.5,351.49966 238.50028,399.49924 238.50028,399.49924 L61.500017,
                      420.49911"/>
            </TextOnAPath:TextOnAPath.TextPath>
        </TextOnAPath:TextOnAPath>
    </Grid>
</Window>

ExampleWindow.PNG

Parameters for the TextOnAPath control:

  • Text (string): The string to be displayed. If the text string is longer than the geometry path, then text will be truncated.
  • TextPath (Geometry): The geometry for the text to follow.
  • DrawPath (Boolean): If true, draws the geometry below the text string.
  • DrawLinePath (Boolean): If true, draws the flattened path geometry below the text string.
  • ScaleTextPath (Boolean): If true, the geometry will be scaled to fit the size of the control.

Points of Interest

History

  • 13th October, 2008
    • Initial post
  • 29th October, 2008
    • Update to fix code that draws geometry
    • Provided link to Silverlight version of code

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

lneir
Software Developer (Senior) Skype
United States United States
I work in the Bay Area primarily developing software on the Windows platform using C++, .NET/C#, WPF, and Silverlight.
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Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionHow to make this work from code? PinmemberKyudos9-Jan-14 13:13 
AnswerRe: How to make this work from code? PinmemberKyudos9-Jan-14 13:30 
QuestionAlignment of the text PinmemberNeelendu Kumar24-Sep-13 4:29 
AnswerRe: Alignment of the text PinmemberKyudos19-Dec-13 16:54 
GeneralRe: Alignment of the text PinmemberKyudos22-Dec-13 13:59 
AnswerRe: Alignment of the text PinmemberKyudos23-Dec-13 10:46 
GeneralRe: Alignment of the text PinmemberNeelendu Kumar24-Dec-13 2:18 
QuestionAlternative for RenderTransformOrigin ...??? [modified] Pinmemberpatelmayur15-Jun-12 4:55 
AnswerRe: Alternative for RenderTransformOrigin ...??? Pinmemberlneir19-Jun-12 20:08 
Questiondraw text within any path? PinmemberASPUIPAB29-Oct-11 12:37 
AnswerRe: draw text within any path? Pinmemberlneir30-Oct-11 8:00 
GeneralRe: draw text within any path? PinmemberMember 83727423-Nov-11 8:10 
GeneralRe: draw text within any path? Pinmemberlneir3-Nov-11 8:26 
I'm sorry, I think I misunderstood your question (read it too fast) but I think what you want is something quite different than what this code does. Right now I don't see how this code would be helpful to draw text to fill the inside of a given path but I'll think about it.
AnswerText on EllipseGeometry PinmemberANTONELLO7221-May-09 1:57 
General'hen' -&gt; 'dog' PinmemberNigelHome20-Oct-08 22:26 
GeneralRe: 'hen' -&gt; 'dog' Pinmemberlneir21-Oct-08 6:26 
GeneralRe: 'hen' -&gt; 'dog' PinmemberRichard Deeming22-Oct-08 5:06 
GeneralRe: 'hen' -&gt; 'dog' Pinmemberkalme22-Oct-08 9:16 
GeneralRe: 'hen' -&gt; 'dog' PinmemberMember 46471625-Nov-08 0:35 
GeneralPath Flattening Pinmemberkevingay20-Oct-08 15:42 
GeneralEasier way PinmemberDaniel Larocque14-Oct-08 3:56 
GeneralRe: Easier way Pinmemberlneir14-Oct-08 6:41 
GeneralRe: Easier way Pinmembermike castillo21-Oct-08 7:11 
GeneralRe: Easier way Pinmemberlneir21-Oct-08 7:32 

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