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Fast GridView

, 4 Nov 2008
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A fast and optimized GridView.

Sample Image

Introduction

The GridView control is a very powerful and scalable .NET control. You can use it an application to list entities. However, there is a disadvantage when you want to use the paging feature: you must systematically bind the GridView with a selection of all the data when you change the index to see other pages. Imagine that you must work with a datasource with 400,000 records: the postback will be expensive as the treatment is not optimized.

Background

I tried to come up with an implementation for a GridView with an independent paging functionality. The purpose is to bind the GridView with the current DataRows that you see. SQL Server allows you to get part of the rows of a query with this syntax:

With Prod AS 
( SELECT [ProductID], 
         [ProductName], 
         [SupplierID], 
         [CategoryID], 
         [QuantityPerUnit], 
         [UnitPrice], 
         [UnitsInStock], 
         [UnitsOnOrder], 
         [ReorderLevel], 
         [Discontinued] ,  
         ROW_NUMBER() OVER (order by ProductName) as RowNumber from Products )
         SELECT [ProductID], 
        [ProductName], 
        [SupplierID], 
        [CategoryID], 
        [QuantityPerUnit], 
        [UnitPrice], 
        [UnitsInStock], 
        [UnitsOnOrder], 
        [ReorderLevel], 
        [Discontinued] from Prod  Where RowNumber 
Between @pBegin and @pEnd

I searched on CodeProject to see if a similar solution existed, and I found a source code which implemented a very smart pager. You can find it here: http://www.codeproject.com/KB/aspnet/SmartPager.aspx. I extended the GridView class to create a GridviewPager class which owns an instance of this SmartPager control. The SmartPager control is a complex type property (it has several properties) so the pager class must implement the IStateManager Interface and an event to know when the index changes.

The implementation of the smart pager generates an inconvenient postback in JavaScript (method SmartPagerSelectPage of Smartpager.js) when the index changes so two postbacks are executed. To resolve this problem, I parse all the request form keys to find the CALLBACKPARAM value in order to filter the bad postback and just execute the good in the GridviewPager Page_Load event.

Using the Code

using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using Avg.Controls;
/// <summary>
/// Summary description for GridViewExtender
/// </summary>
/// 
namespace Avg.Controls
{
    public delegate void DataSourceChangedEventHandler(object sender, bool isEmpty);

    [ToolboxData("<{0}:GridViewPager runat="server">")]
public class GridViewPager : GridView
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Handling when the DataSourceChange
    /// </summary>
    public event DataSourceChangedEventHandler DataSourceChanged;

    /// <summary>
    /// A readonly unique ID for the current view.
    /// </summary>
    public string CurrentViewID
    {
        get { return string.Concat("CurrentView_", UniqueID); }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Overrides the data source property, so that we get a chance to test whether
    /// the source
    /// being bound contains data or not.
    ///
    /// This is used to communicate with the pager so that for an empty list no
    /// pager is shown.
    /// </summary>
    public override object DataSource
    {
        get
        {
            if (ViewState[CurrentViewID] != null)
                return ViewState[CurrentViewID];
            else
                return base.DataSource;
        }
        set
        {

            base.DataSource = value;
            ViewState[CurrentViewID] = value;


            if (value == null)
            {
                if (DataSourceChanged != null)
                    DataSourceChanged(this, true);
            }
            else
            {
                if (DataSourceChanged != null)
                    DataSourceChanged(this, false);
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Smart Pager
    /// </summary>
    protected SmartPager pager;

    /// <summary>
    /// Numero of Page cliked
    /// </summary>
    public int PageNumberCliked
    {
        get { return (ViewState["PageNumberCliked"] == null) ? 1 : Int32.Parse(
            ViewState["PageNumberCliked"].ToString()); }
        set { ViewState["PageNumberCliked"] = value; }
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// Display pager numeros grouped by  Display value before '...' buton
    /// </summary>
    public int Display
    {
        get { return pager.Display; }
        set { pager.Display = value; }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Current first row to display
    /// </summary>
    public int rowB
    {
        get { return (Page.Session["rowB"] == null) ? 0 : Int32.Parse(
            Page.Session["rowB"].ToString()); }
        set { Page.Session["rowB"] = value; }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Current end row to display
    /// </summary>
    public int rowE
    {
        get { return (Page.Session["rowE"] == null) ? PageSize : Int32.Parse(
            Page.Session["rowE"].ToString()); }
        set { Page.Session["rowE"] = value; }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Calculate Page Count
    /// </summary>
    public int PageCount
    {
        get
        {
            if (RowCount == 0)
            {
                return PageSize;
            }

            if (this.DataSource == null)
            {
                throw new Exception("Datasource is empy");
            }

            if (PageSize == 0)
            {
                throw new Exception("Page size must be positive");
            }

            return (int)(RowCount / PageSize) + 1;
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Calculate Row Count
    /// </summary>
    public int RowCount
    {
        get { return (Page.Session["RowCount"] == null) ? 5 : Int32.Parse(
            Page.Session["RowCount"].ToString()); }
        set { Page.Session["RowCount"] = value; }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Current Page
    /// </summary>
    public int CurrentPage
    {
        get { return (ViewState["CurrentPage"] == null) ? 1 : Int32.Parse(
            ViewState["CurrentPage"].ToString()); }
        set { ViewState["CurrentPage"] = value; }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Constructor
    /// </summary>
    public GridViewPager() : base()
    {
        pager = new SmartPager();
        pager.OnClickEvent += new OnClickPagerNumberEventHandler(pager_OnClickEvent);
    }

#region events to implement on the page side

    private static readonly object OnSelectRowEventKey = new object();
    /// <summary>
    /// This events must be implemented with a select statement to get rows
    /// </summary>
    public event EventHandler DoSelectRow
    {
        add { Events.AddHandler(OnSelectRowEventKey, value); }
        remove { Events.RemoveHandler(OnSelectRowEventKey, value); }
    }

    protected virtual void OnSelectedRow(EventArgs e)
    {
        EventHandler handler = Events[OnSelectRowEventKey] as EventHandler;

        if (handler != null)
            handler(this, e);
        else
            throw new Exception("You must implement OnSelectRow method");
    }

    private static readonly object OnLoadRowCountEventKey = new object();
    /// <summary>
    /// This events must be implemented to know the row count
    /// </summary>
    public event EventHandler DoLoadRowCount
    {
        add { Events.AddHandler(OnLoadRowCountEventKey, value); }
        remove { Events.RemoveHandler(OnLoadRowCountEventKey, value); }
    }

    protected virtual void OnLoadedRowCount(EventArgs e)
    {
        EventHandler handler = Events[OnLoadRowCountEventKey] as EventHandler;

        if (handler != null)
            handler(this, e);
        else
            throw new Exception("You must implement OnLoadRowCount method");
    }


#endregion events to implement on the page side


#region Component event

    /// <summary>
    /// OnInit Event
    /// </summary>

    protected override void OnInit(EventArgs e) 
    { 
        base.OnInit(e); Page.Load += new EventHandler(Page_Load); 
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// PageLoad Event 
    /// </summary>
    void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) 
    { 
        if (!Page.IsPostBack) OnLoadedRowCount(EventArgs.Empty); 
        bool goodCall = true; //the current page is posted 2 times : 
        // 1- in javascript SmartPager.js by SmartPagerSelectPage when a new page
        // is clicked (with callback parameter) 
        // 2- on the pager_OnClickEvent (without callback parameter) 
        foreach (string Key in Page.Request.Form.AllKeys) 
        {
            if (Key.EndsWith("CALLBACKPARAM")) 
            { 
                goodCall = false; 
            } 
        } 
        //Handle just one time after pager_OnClickEvent
        //call when the CALLBACKPARAM is missing 
        if (goodCall) 
            OnSelectedRow(EventArgs.Empty); 
    } 
    /// <summary>
    /// Load the Control 
    /// </summary>
    protected override void OnLoad(EventArgs e) 
    { 
        base.OnLoad(e); Controls.Add(pager); 
    } 
    /// <summary>
    /// PreRender the Control 
    /// </summary>
    protected override void OnPreRender(EventArgs e) 
    { 
        base.OnPreRender(e); 
        pager.PageCount = PageCount; 
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// Event Handler Click Page with ICallBackEventHandler in SmartPager 
    /// </summary>
    void pager_OnClickEvent(object sender, string pPageNum) 
    {
        PageNumberCliked = Int32.Parse(pPageNum); 
        CurrentPage = PageNumberCliked; 
        if (CurrentPage == 1) 
        { 
            rowB = 0; 
            rowE = PageSize; 
        } 
        else 
        { 
            rowE = (PageSize * CurrentPage) - 1;
            rowB = rowE - (PageSize - 1);
        }
        //Call postabck without call back parameters
        Page.Response.Write( "<script language="Javascript">__" + 
              "doPostBack('__Page', 'MyCustomArgument');</script>" ); 
    } 
#endregion Component event 
#region IStateManager Members 
    /// <summary>
    /// Load the ViewState 
    /// </summary>
    protected override void LoadViewState(object savedState) 
    { 
        if (savedState != null) 
        { 
            object[] state = savedState as object[]; 
            if (state != null && state.Length == 2) 
            { 
                base.LoadViewState(state[0]); 
                if (state[1] != null) 
                    ((IStateManager)this.pager).LoadViewState(state[1]); 
            } 
        } 
        else
            base.LoadViewState(savedState); 
    } 
    /// <summary>
    /// Save the ViewState 
    /// </summary>
    protected override object SaveViewState() 
    { 
        object[] state = new object[2];
        state[0] = base.SaveViewState();
        if (pager != null) 
            state[1] = ((IStateManager)this.pager).SaveViewState(); 
        return state; 
    } 
    /// <summary>
    /// Track the Viewstate 
    /// </summary>
    protected override void TrackViewState() 
    { 
        base.TrackViewState(); 
        if (pager != null) 
            ((IStateManager)this.pager).TrackViewState(); 
    } 
#endregion
}

Points of Interest

I learned how to extend a complex control like GridView.

History

If you have some suggestions, I'm open to them.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

David Zenou
Software Developer Several
France France
I am a Fan of dotnet technologies. I began to work with Java j2ee technologies and today i made my choice : .Net Framework is very pleasant , has excellents article codes and documentation.
I found very useful articles in codeproject , and today i want to give my contribution , and i hope that my articles will be useful.
 
Go to see my blog : http://davidzenou.blogspot.com/2009/01/david.html

Comments and Discussions

 
Generalclick Page Numer "1" and "2" produce same result. what is wrong ? [modified] Pinmembervrajaramanv15-Jan-09 17:55 

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